The M3 GMC also formed the equipment of the early American tank destroyer battalions during operations in North Africa and Italy, and continued in use with the British in Italy and in small numbers in Northern Europe until the end of the war. The French 75:The 75mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery (Osprey New Vanguard 288) 1897. The French Navy adopted the 75mm modèle 1897 for its coastal batteries and warships. The Canon de 75 modèle 1897 is still used in France as a saluting gun. The French Army had to wait until early 1917 to receive in numbers fast-firing heavy artillery equipped with hydraulic recoil brakes (e.g. Since it did not need to be re-aimed after each shot, the crew could reload and fire as soon as the barrel returned to its resting position. Over 3,500 were modified with a muzzle brake and mounted on a 5 cm Pak 38 carriage, now named 7.5 cm Pak 97/38 they were used by the Wehrmacht in 1942 as an emergency weapon against the Soviet Union's T-34 and KV tanks. Progressive traversing together with small changes in elevation could be carried out while continuously firing, called "fauchage" or "sweeping fire". The 75mm M2 and M3 tank guns of the M3 Lee and M4 Sherman Medium tanks, the 75mm M6 tank gun of the M24 Chaffee light tank and the 75mm gun of the -G and -H subtypes of the B-25 Mitchell bomber all used the same ammunition as the M1897. Extensive trials, however, revealed that it was still prone to hydraulic fluid leakage from the long-recoil mechanism. It is the IBG 1/35 75mm M1897 field gun, aka the "French 75", and I'm doing as an Irish Army gun from the Emergency. Planche XXI : canon G de 75 mil. Another 6 horses pulled each additional limber and caisson which were assigned to each gun. Thus, with time, the French 75 batteries became routinely used to cut corridors with high-explosive shells, across the belts of German barbed wire. English: The French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 was a revolutionary modern quick-firing 75 mm field gun of 1897 which served with various armies up to 1945. Each Mle 1897 75 mm field gun battery (4 guns) was manned by highly trained crews of 170 men led by 4 officers recruited among graduates of engineering schools. New 75 mm guns were developed specifically for anti-aircraft use. The '75 mm modèle 1922', '75 mm modèle 1924' and '75 mm modèle 1927' of 50 calibre were developed from the 62.5 calibre '75 mm Schneider modèle 1908' mounted on the Danton-class battleships. There were 480 American 75 mm field gun batteries (over 1,900 guns) on the battlefields of France in November 1918. , Despite obsolescence brought on by new developments in artillery design, large numbers of 75s were still in use in 1939 (4,500 in the French army alone), and they eventually found their way into a number of unlikely places. In December 1894, Deport was passed over for promotion, and resigned to join "Chatillon-Commentry", a private armaments firm. At the beginning in 1914, the French 75 fired two main types of shells, both with high muzzle velocities (535 m/s for the shrapnel shell ) and a maximum range of 8,500 meters. This led to an epidemic of burst barrels which afflicted 75 mm artillery during 1915.  Older artillery had to be resighted after each shot in order to stay on target, and thus fired no more than two aimed shots per minute. The US Army adopted the French 75 mm field gun during World War I and used it extensively in battle. Its firing rate could even reach close to 30 rounds per minute, albeit only for a very short time and with a highly experienced crew. The French 75 gave its best performances during the Battle of the Marne in August–September 1914 and at Verdun in 1916. ", L’ARTILLERIE FRANÇAISE DE 1945 A 1990 (LES PIÈCES ET LEUR ENVIRONNEMENT), http://www.1939.pl/uzbrojenie/polskie/artyleria/a_75mm_wz97/index.html, Manual For The Battery Commander. Updated 28 March 2013 -, Learn how and when to remove this template message, the -G and -H subtypes of the B-25 Mitchell, canon de 75 M(montagne) modèle 1919 Schneider, https://rft.forter.ro/biblioteca-virtuala/19326/tunurile-re%C5%9Fi%C5%A3ei, https://rft.forter.ro/biblioteca-virtuala/721/artileria-rom%C3%A2n%C4%83-%C3%AEn-date-%C5%9Fi-imagini, U.S. Army Veterinary Corps Historical Preservation Group - 75-MM GUN M1897, U.S. ARMY, "Investiture du Président : les coups de canons étaient... made in United States ! In the meantime it had to do with a total of about four thousand de Bange 90 mm, 120 mm and 155 mm field and converted fortress guns, all without recoil brakes, that were effective but inferior in rate of fire to the more modern German heavy artillery. Although some of these features had been incorporated into earlier guns, the 75mm M1897 integrated them into a superior, lightweight field gun. When the barrel recoiled, the piston was pulled back by the barrel's recoil and thus pushed the oil through a small orifice and into a second cylinder placed underneath. A major improvement was the placement of improved silver-alloy rings on the freely moving piston which separated the compressed air and the hydraulic fluid inside the main hydro-pneumatic recoil cylinder. A battery included 160 horses, most of them pulling ammunition as well as repair and supply caissons. Sklep modelarski: 75mm Field Gun wz.  . In between the wars the US army kept the mle 1897 as their main field gun and these came in a number of variants, the They were known as 75mm armata wz.1897. During his service with the American Expeditionary Forces, Captain (and future U.S. President) Harry S. Truman commanded a battery of French 75s. The French 75 mm field gun was a quick-firing field artillery piece adopted in March 1898. M1897 "French 75" Field Artillery Gun U.S. M2A2 Carriage — 1914-1940 — By Cajun Scrambler, September 11, 2020 1. Translated to English and republished by US Army War College 1917, Notes on the French 75-mm Gun. Hydraulic fluid leakage was typical of this experimental phase of artillery development during the 1890s, as Haussner and Krupp had previously experienced. Several thousand were still in use in the French Army at the opening of World War II, updated with new wheels and tires to allow towing by trucks rather than by horses. The upgrade was made with removable barrels. The gun could not be elevated beyond eighteen degrees, unless the trail spade had been deeply dug into the ground; however, the 75 mm field gun was not designed for plunging fire. The wheel brakes could be swung under each wheel ("abattage"), and, together with the trail spade, they immobilized the gun during firing. The 75s also became widely used as truck mounted anti-aircraft artillery. El cañón francés de 75 mm modelo 1897 fue un cañón que incorporó una serie de novedades que hicieron de él un cañón revolucionario que sirvió de referencia para muchos otros modelos posteriores. Some French-built guns and the U.S. M1897 copy were used by the AEF in World War I, 1917-1918. This 57 mm gun took advantage of a number of the most advanced artillery technologies available at the time: The only major design difference between the 57 and 75 that would emerge was the recoil system. Over 17,500 Mle 1897 75 mm field guns were produced during World War I, over and above the 4,100 French 75s which were already deployed by the French Army in August 1914. Captain Sainte-Claire Deville also designed important additional features, such as a device for piercing the fuzes of shrapnel shells automatically during the firing sequence (an "automatic fuze-setter"), thus selecting the desired bursting distance. This is the first English-language history of the legendary French 75mm field gun, which revolutionized artillery firepower and helped save France in 1914. Carriages were built by Willys-Overland, the hydro-pneumatic recuperators by Singer Manufacturing and … Several types of guns of close caliber were barreled to use the best ammunition available for 75 mm caliber, explosive projectile model 1917 "Schneider". Colonel Sainte-Claire Deville corrected the problem, which was due to microfissures in the bases of the shells, due to shortcuts in manufacturing. It was commonly known as the French 75, simply the 75 and Soixante-Quinze (French for "seventy-five"). French field gun. By the end of the war about 12,000 had been produced. Along with new ammunition, these features increased the effective range and allowed the gun to be used as an anti-tank gun, in which form it equipped the first tank destroyer battalions. American industry built 1,050 French 75s during World War I, but only 143 had been shipped to France by 11 November 1918; most American batteries used French-built 75s in action. When the German 7.5 cm Pak 40 became available in sufficient numbers, most remaining Pak 97/38 pieces were returned to occupied France to reinforce the Atlantic Wall defenses or were supplied to Axis nations like Romania (PAK 97/38) and Hungary. Britain also purchased a number of the standard 75 mm guns and adapted them for AA use using a Coventry Ordnance Worksmounting, the "Centre Trunnion". During the 1930s, most M1897A2 and A3 (French made) and M1897A4 (American made) guns were subsequently modernized for towing behind trucks by mounting on the modern carriage M2A3 which featured a split trail, pneumatic rubber tires allowing towing at any speed, an elevation limit increased to 45 degrees, and traverse increased to 30 degrees left and right. In 1891 Haussner sold his patents to a firm named Gruson, which searched for potential buyers. 3-4 rpm sustained (dependent on rate of cooling), A 5.3-kilogram (12 lb) impact-detonated, thin-walled steel, high-explosive (HE) shell with a time-delay, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 14:25. Manufacture of the French 75 by American industry began in the spring of 1918 and quickly built up to an accelerated pace. The gun was officially adopted on 28 March 1898 under the name "Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897". 75-mm Gun. They were used in the defence of Britain, usually mounted on de Dion motor lorries using the French mounting which the British referred to as the "Breech Trunnion". Conceived by Major Deport and manufactured by different French arsenals, it is usually associated with Schneider firm (although some claim, that Schneider actually did not produce these guns). The 75mm M1897 earned its reputation in the Great War, forming the backbone of French field artillery. Britain also purchased a number of the standard 75 mm guns and adapted them for AA use using a Coventry Ordnance Works mounting, the "Centre Trunnion". Each recoil cycle on the French 75, including the return forward, lasted about two seconds, permitting a maximum attainable firing rate of about 30 rounds per minute. This was the second line of the British forces, i.e. In typical use, the French 75 could deliver fifteen rounds per minute on its target, either shrapnel or melinite high-explosive, up to about 8,500 m (5.3 mi) away. The French 75mm mle/1897 has a Nordenfelt Eccentric Screw Breech making it capable of firing up to 24 rounds per minute. For political purposes, the sale to the British Purchasing Commission was made through the US Steel Corporation. Updated 03 March 2012. However, its shells were comparatively light and lacked the power to obliterate trench works, concrete bunkers and deeply buried shelters. At the opening of World War I, in 1914, the French Army had about 4,000 of these field guns in service. The forerunner of the French 75 was an experimental 57 mm gun which was first assembled in September 1891 at the Bourges arsenal under the direction of a Captain Sainte-Claire Deville. During World War II through Lend Lease, the British received 170 American half-track M3 Gun Motor Carriage which mounted a 75mm; they used these in Italy and Northern Europe until the end of the war as fire support vehicles in Armoured Car Regiments. At the time the contribution of 75 mm artillery to these military successes, and thus to the French victories that ensued, was seen as significant. The French 75mm Field Gun ("Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897") is widely considered to be the first modern artillery piece. Albert Deport, Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville and Emile Rimailho. modèle 1897 sur affût de campagne modèle 1897 approprié aux côtes. During World War 2 these guns also used Costinescu 75 mm anti-tank round. Krupp would later reject Haussner's invention, due to insoluble technical problems caused by hydraulic fluid leakage. The gun's barrel slid back on rollers, including a set at the muzzle, when the shot was fired. The French 75 easily delivered fifteen aimed rounds per minute and could fire even faster for short periods of time (however, the long-term sustained rate was only 3-4 rounds per minute; more than this would overheat the barrel).  It was the first field gun to include a hydro-pneumatic recoil mechanism, which kept the gun's trail and wheels perfectly still during the firing sequence. 先日購入した、IBG 1:35 「75mm Field Gun Mle 1897 Polish Forces in the West」（IBG 35057）の簡単なレビュー。 前回も書いたように、キット名称の「Polish Forces in the West」は、イギリスで再編成された（亡命）ポーランド軍を指すらしい。 In 1939 the Polish army had 1,374 of these guns, making it by far the most numerous artillery piece in Polish service.. TM 9-305 Technical Manual 75-MM Gun Matériel, M1897 and Modifications. The French 75 introduced a new concept in artillery technology: rapid firing without realigning the gun after each shot. Army. British and American Artillery of World War II, Ian V. Hogg, Arms & Armour Press, 1978, p. 22, Canon de 75 mm. This 6.76 kg (14.9 lb) round travelled at 625 m/s (2,050 ft/s) and contained 1.5 pounds of TNT filling and choice of Super Quick (SQ) or Delay (PD) with 0.05 or 0.15 seco… The first US artillery shots in action in World War I were fired by Battery C, 6th Field Artillery on October 23, 1917 with a French 75 named "Bridget" which is preserved today at the United States Army Ordnance Museum. French 75 mm field gun Mle 1897, designated in Poland as 75 mm armata wz. Location of events unknown. Both the tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. Accordingly, General Mathieu turned to Lt. guns on hand, the War Department decided early in the 1930s to improve the field gun's range and mount the weapon on a … The independent sight had also been perfected for easy field use by the crews, and a nickel-steel shield was added to protect the gunners. The public saw it for the first time during the Bastille Day parade of 14 July 1899. During the barrel's recoil the floating piston was forced forward by the oil, compressing the air even further. A truck-mounted anti-aircraft version of the French 75 was assembled by the automobile firm of De Dion-Bouton and adopted in 1913. Most modern at a time of its design, it remained in a frontline service until World … They are used for State ceremonies. October 1917, Range tables for French 75-/mm Gun Model 1897, 75 Millimeter Gun Material Model of 1897 M1 (French). 15-30 rpm burst (dependent on crew training and fatigue) France 75 mm/35 (2.95") Model 1925 and 1928. User Comments gerard demaison (29 April 2006) Dear Sirs The French 75mm field gun Mle 1897 was not a Schneider product. These and other modifications achieved the desired result: the long-term retention of hydraulic fluid and compressed air inside the recoil system, even under the worst field conditions.  At the Armistice there were 29 guns in service in Britain. Many others were used for training until 1942. 野砲（やほう、Field gun）は、火砲の一種。 定義は時代により異なるが、口径100mmクラス以下の軽カノン砲（加農）。 口径は基本的に75mm~77mmが標準であるが、イギリスのQF 18ポンド砲やQF 25ポンド砲、ソビエト連邦のM-60 107mm野砲のような大口径野砲も存在する。 The US Army adopted the French 75 mm field gun during World War I and used it extensively in battle. The 75mm tank gun has its origins in the famous French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 field gun of World War I fame which was also adopted by the United States and used well into World War II as the 75mm M1897 field gun.
The ‘Soixantequinze', France's legendary 75mm Modele 1897, was the first modern field gun, pioneering several critical innovations in field artillery designs, including a fast action breech and a soft recoil system. The 75mm modèle 1897–1915 was placed on SMCA modèle 1925 mountings with a vertical elevation of -10 to +70° and a 360° rotation. It was widely distributed to Allied armies, including the American Expeditionary Forces and was also widely exported after World War I around the globe. , It took five more years under the overall leadership of Mathieu's successor, General Deloye, to perfect and finally adopt in March 1898 an improved and final version of the Deport 75 mm long-recoil field gun. By the early 1930s, the only US artillery units that remained horse-drawn were those assigned to infantry and cavalry divisions. FROM "L'ECOLE DU COMMANDANT DU BATTERIE, I PARTIE, CANON 75", Of THE FRENCH ARTILLERY SCHOOL, OF DECEMBER, 1916, CORRECTED TO MARCH, 1917. After it was judged possible, a formal request was sent out on 13 July 1892. The French 75 is widely regarded as the first modern artillery piece. Pages 80–93 in "Handbook of artillery : including mobile, anti-aircraft and trench matériel (1920)" United States. M3 GMCs were used in the Pacific theater during the Battle for the Philippines and by Marine Regimental Weapons Companies until 1944. It … M1897A4 and M1897A2 – The M1897A4 gun is a modification of the 75-mm gun, M1897 (French). After reviewing the blueprints in February 1892, the French artillery engineers advised that a gun should be produced without purchasing the Haussner invention. Because of the gun's traversing ability, the greater the distance to the enemy concentration, the wider the area that could be swept. The tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. 第二次世界大戦中の1940年には、エドガー・ブラント社が弾芯径58mmの装弾筒付徹甲弾を試作している。, 1890年、ドイツのクルップ社が駐退復座機を搭載した野砲の開発に着手したと考えたフランスは、自らも駐退復座機を備えた野砲の開発を開始した。1894年には試作品が完成したが、気圧式復座機構の気圧の維持が難しく、改良を必要とした。1896年に実用に耐える駐退復座機が完成し、それを取り付けた砲身と砲架が設計された。さらには野戦での運用を容易にするための照準器とニッケル鋼板の防盾も取り付けられ、1898年3月28日に制式採用された。, 第一次世界大戦直前の1913年には、大仰角を取れるように再設計された砲架に搭載されたモデルが開発され、これは4輪の自動車に搭載されて“Auto-canon de 75 modèle 1913”の名称で自走高射砲（高角砲）として使用された。, 第一次世界大戦勃発当時には、フランス陸軍の主力野砲となっていた。しかし、戦争が塹壕戦に移行すると、75mm砲弾では塹壕の構築物を破壊するには威力不足であったため、M1897は主に直接照準による機銃座の破壊や、榴散弾の曳火砲撃と毒ガス弾の投射による塹壕内の兵員殺傷に使われるようになった。また、サン・シャモン突撃戦車の主砲としても使用された。, 第一次大戦が終わったのちもM1897はフランス軍で長い間使用され続け、一部は開脚式砲架を備えた対戦車砲仕様に改修されたほか、その他の砲も木製車輪をゴムタイヤに取り換えている。1940年のナチス・ドイツのフランス侵攻でもドイツ軍相手に使用されたが、フランスの敗北によりヴィシー政権軍に残されたもの以外はすべてドイツ軍に接収された。, 第一次世界大戦参戦時にフランスから急遽1,900門を導入し、その後はアメリカ国内でライセンス生産が行われた。第一次大戦後も長く使われたが、野砲としては1940年から、より大口径・長射程・高汎用性をもつ自国製のM2A1 105mm榴弾砲に更新されて退役した。, M1897野砲をM3ハーフトラックの荷台に搭載したM3 75mm対戦車自走砲が開発され、アメリカ軍の初期の戦車駆逐車として北アフリカ戦線やイタリア戦線、太平洋戦線で使用されている。, 75mmM2/M3戦車砲はしばしばM1897ベースとされているが、実際には発展型ではなく弾薬の互換性があるT2/T3高射兼野砲やT26GMCにも車載されたT6高射砲といった試作砲の流れを汲んでいる。また、75mmM5/M6戦車砲はB-25G/Hに搭載された75mmM4/T13E1を車載用に改造したものである。, 独立後のポーランド・ソビエト戦争時にフランスから軍事援助の一環として供与され、ロシア帝国から分離独立時に接収したM1902 76mm野砲と共にソ連赤軍との戦闘で使用された。1939年のポーランド侵攻時にも1,374門を保有しており、ドイツ軍や赤軍に対して使用したが、多数がドイツに鹵獲され、ドイツ軍で運用された。, ドイツ軍は、ポーランド侵攻や西方電撃戦（オランダ侵攻・フランス侵攻）において、ポーランドやフランスが保有していた多数のM1897野砲を鹵獲した。ポーランドで鹵獲したものには7.5 cm F.K.97(p)、フランスで鹵獲したものには7.5 cm F.K.231(f)の制式名称を付けて運用した。, 1941年のバルバロッサ作戦によるソ連侵攻（独ソ戦）において、ドイツ軍の主力対戦車砲である3.7 cm PaK 36や5 cm PaK 38がソ連軍のT-34中戦車やKV-1重戦車に対してほとんど歯が立たず、7.5 cm PaK 40の数が揃うまでのピンチヒッターとしてM1897野砲に白羽の矢が立った。, 水平射角を確保するために5 cm PaK 38の砲架と組み合わせるなどの改良を加えた7.5 cm PaK 97/38に改修されたM1897は、成形炸薬弾を用いればT-34をあらゆる方角から撃破可能であり、KV-1に対しても側面や背面の装甲なら貫通可能なため、初期には重宝された。しかし、7.5 cm PaK 40や7.62 cm PaK 36(r)と比べて初速が低く徹甲弾の威力が低い上に砲弾の互換性も無かった。しかも、組み合わせた砲架は本来50mm砲のために用いられるものであったため、75mm砲の反動を受け止めるには自重が不足しており、据わりの悪さと弾速の低さで距離500m以上だと射撃精度が明らかに低下した。, このため、7.5 cm PaK 40の数が十分に揃うと東部戦線から引き上げられてフランスに移され、大西洋の壁に配備されたり、東欧の同盟軍へ引き渡された。, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=M1897_75mm野砲&oldid=79751551. Field testing commenced in 1894 with excellent results save for leakage from the hydraulic system. See more ideas about guns, french, cannon. Some models were modernized at Resita works in 1935 including French md. M1897 75mm野砲（仏: Canon de 75 modèle 1897）は、フランスが1897年に採用した口径75mmの野砲である。, M1897は、しばしば“シュナイダー M1897”と呼ばれるが、フランスの国営兵器工廠が製造しておりシュナイダー社は開発に関与していないため、シュナイダー社が設計したM1912 75mm野砲やM1914 75mm野砲とは直接には関係ない。M1912やM1914はM1897用の砲弾と薬莢が使用可能であり、M1897よりも小型軽量であるが構造が複雑であった。, 世界で初めて液気圧式駐退復座機を搭載した大砲の一大革命児であり、既存の火砲と比較して飛躍的に連射速度が向上した。製造国のフランスをはじめとしてアメリカやポーランドなどが採用し、第一次世界大戦から第二次世界大戦にかけて用いられた。, M1897野砲の特徴は、駐退復座機を装備したというこの一点こそが最大の特徴である。それまでの臼砲を除く野戦用火砲は砲撃を行うたびに反動で砲が後ろに下がるので、砲撃を行うつど砲を元の位置に戻して照準の再調整を行う必要があったため、実質的な連射速度は1分当たり2発が限界であった。, しかしM1897は、駐退復座機を装備したことにより、砲撃時に砲身だけが後ろに下がることで砲架にかかる反動を軽減させて砲全体が後退することを防いでいる。これによって砲撃を続けている間に砲の位置を元に戻したり（標的を変えない限り）照準を再調整したりする必要も無くなり、連射速度は1分当たり15発にまで上昇したので、味方の歩兵部隊に対して、より濃密な火力支援を行うことが可能となった。, この砲が開発された後、世界各国で駐退復座機を搭載した火砲の開発が盛んになり、5年後の1902年にはドイツのクルップ社も独自に設計した液圧駐退・バネ復座式の駐退復座機を開発し、自社製の火砲に採用すると共にラインメタル社や日本、イギリスなどにも売り込んだ。バネ復座式は性能的には気圧復座式と大差無いが容積と重量がかさばるため、第二次世界大戦ごろにはドイツ製の火砲も液気圧式駐退復座機を搭載するようになった。, 閉鎖機は隔螺式を採用している。砲架については単脚式であるため、水平射角は左右3°ずつに過ぎない。仰角も18°程度しか取れないため、砲手から直接目視できない目標を砲撃する間接照準砲撃は行えないなど、まだまだ第一次世界大戦以前の型であることは否定できなかった。, 砲弾は開発当初、榴弾と榴散弾、散弾のみが用意されていたが、第一次大戦中にはマスタードガスやホスゲンガスなどを充填した毒ガス弾も使用されるようになった。 The US designation of the basic weapon was 75-mm Gun M1897. The primary round was the M48 High Explosive. The Deport 75 was returned to Puteaux arsenal for further improvements. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or Various deceptions, some of them linked to the Dreyfus Case which erupted in 1894, had been implemented by Deloye and French counter-intelligence to distract German espionage.. About the M1897 - 75mm Field Gun: As World War I raged in Europe, the US Army found itself in need of a modern artillery piece should America decide to become involved. The US designation of the basic weapon was 75 mm Gun M1897. In order to increase shell production from 20,000 rounds per day to 100,000 in 1915, the government turned to civilian contractors, and, as a result, shell quality deteriorated. The Army then recommissioned two Canon de 75 modèle 1897, then located at the Musée de l'Artillerie de Draguignan. The total consumption of 75 mm shells at Verdun during the period February 21 to September 30, 1916, is documented by the public record at the Service Historique de l'Armée de Terre to have been in excess of 16 million rounds, or nearly 70% of all shells fired by French artillery during that battle. M1897 "French 75" Field Artillery Gun Marker Inscription. This is the first English-language history of the legendary French 75mm field gun, which revolutionized artillery firepower and helped save France in 1914. The French 75 mm field gun was a quick-firing field artillery piece adopted in March 1898 - English Photo Gallery of a US 75mm M1897 on M2A3 carriage, The gun is of French design. This action absorbed the recoil progressively as the internal air pressure rose and, at the end of recoil, generated a strong but decreasing back pressure that returned the gun forward to its original position. Its relatively low velocity and a lack of modern armor-piercing ammunition limited its effectiveness as an anti-tank weapon. The kit needs to be slightly modified to depict an Irish gun, as the gun shield had an extension box around the Mar 14, 2018 - Explore Chris Steadman's board "French 75mm M1897 Field Gun" on Pinterest. 75 mm/50 (2.95") Model 1922, 1924 and 1927. 1897 with crew / 1:35 / Przed Drugą Wojną / Artyleria i moździerze / Pojazdy i sprzęt wojskowy / Modele do sklejania / Ilość sztuk Data wysyłki Paczkomaty 24/7 GLS - Przesyłka kurierska The 75mm Pack Howitzer M1 used the same projectiles fired from a smaller 75x272R case. Shell quality was restored by September 1915, but never to the full exacting standards of pre-war manufacture. The French 75mm Modele 1897 was the best candidate and is widely considered by historians to be the first modern cannon. The smoothness of this system had no equal in 1897, and for at least another ten years. French 75 shells, at least initially in 1914, were essentially anti-personnel. They had been designed for the specific purpose of inflicting maximum casualties on enemy troops stationing or advancing in the open. They were operated by field artillery and anti-tank units. 31 March 1941, List and pictures of World War I surviving 75 mm Mle 1897 guns, Photos of a reproduction or restored US M1918 limber for the 75 mm gun M1897 with all accoutrements, Mortier de 220 modèle 1915/1916 Schneider, Canon Court de 105 M modele 1909 Schneider, Obusier de 200 "Pérou" sur affût-truck TAZ Schneider, Mortier de 293 Danois sur affut-truck modèle 1914, Canon de 220mm L Mle1917 Schneider (FAHM), Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider sur affût-chenilles St Chamond, Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider-St Chamond, Canon Court de 105 M modèle 1919 Schneider, Mitrailleuse Gatling modèle APX 1895 (1895), 8 mm Lebel smokeless powder cartridge (1886), Du Temple high-circulation steam engine (1876), Camion équipé d'un système d'artillerie CAESAR (2008), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canon_de_75_modèle_1897&oldid=993415845, World War I artillery of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1898–present (still used as a saluting gun). The “Soixantequinze,” France's legendary 75mm Modele 1897, was the first modern field gun, pioneering several critical innovations in field artillery designs, including a fast action breech and a soft recoil system. , In June 1940, with many British field guns lost in the Battle of France, 895 M1897 field guns and a million rounds of ammunition were purchased from the US Army. In 1915 Britain acquired a number of "autocanon de 75 mm mle 1913" anti-aircraft guns, as a stopgap measure while it developed its own anti-aircraft alternatives.  When the French Army discarded its 105 HM2 howitzers to replace them with MO-120-RT mortars, only 155mm artillery pieces remained, for which no blank cartridges were available. the 155 mm Schneider howitzer and the long-range Canon de 155mm GPF).