One of them is Grammar Translation Method. The advantages of the Grammar-Translation Method: In Grammar-Translation Method, the first language is maintained as the reference system in the learning of the second language. also can use these two methods in Classroom Action Research Design. Integration of Grammar Translation Method with Communicative Approach: A Research Synthesis. in the Grammar-Translation Method, comparison between two languages helps students to have a better … (aturan-aturan grammar dalam pengajaran bahasa Inggris dijelaskan ke dalam bahasa ibu) This method does not help in development of linguistic competence of learner. 10 Mojokerto, English Station (BEST) Course of Jombang. It is a proof that the Engli, Furthermore, a teacher who teaches English by using CLT, it means that the, teacher gives a chance for the students to use the language in communication. The Grammar-translation Method was not without its opponents, and the demand for oral proficiency led to several counter and parallel movements that laid the foundation for the development of new ways of teaching, as we still know them today (Richards and Rodgers 2001). It was a kind of outdoor activity, that was used not only to practice their English, but also to refresh the. This kind of activity was very important for the students to build the. Grammar translation method that is also called classical method i, teaching English that uses translation of the implementation. Teaching grammar and vocab at the same time is a good way for students because i, can help them to practice what they learnt in the classroom by using grammar and vocab, they got. "The Grammar Translation Method was the traditional way in which Latin and Greek were taughtin Europe. This competence focuses on building sentences, as understanding part of speech, tenses in active and passive, and conditional sentence. By mastering the grammar through Gramma, students can read and understand a text easily by identifying the structure of sentence in, According to Celce Murcia (1979:3) there are eight characteristics of this method. Grammar Translation dominated European and foreign language teaching from the 1840s to the 1940s, and in modified forms it continues to be widely used in some parts of the world today. According to Phillips (1995:74), he said “both vocabulary and grammar need to, be taught in context and the children should always to be given plenty of opportunities, use the language that they have learned in class”. To teach lingusitics competence, a teacher can use Grammar Translation Method (GTM). Goals of language teaching 2.1. Comparison between "Direct Method" and Grammar "Translation Method To analyse the data, the researcher did the following steps: (1), list the data got from field note and interview, (2) analyse the data got based on the. Historical Background. For example, first student is given the question of, the position of certain place, and second student is given the map of, By creating that condition, communicative classroom will be created and that is, one of CLT. Moreover, this level had additional program and activity, they were Meeting, Program and Memorizing Drilling Concept. Kendall Hunt Publishing. Cognitive-Code Method 5. The scores of the students in the Experimental Class were higher than that in the Control Class. Latin and Greek were taught to promote the intellect and virtually no attempt was made to speak them. Two classes were selected and taught by the Grammar Translation Method and the Communicative Approach respectively. Eclectic Method The basic characteristics of these methods and how they are reflected on grammar teachin g in the language teaching process are important starting points for the study. This program last. There is a general consensus regarding the three traditional methods of teaching grammar, namely the deductive method, the inductive method and the eclectic way. Advanced students may be required to translate whole texts word-for-word. Fluency and accuracy are the target of learning English. Vocabulary is taught in the form of isolated word lists. Grammar Translation Method mainly a teacher-centred method that’s why learners get less opportunity to interact with the teachers. This kind of method focuses on building, communicative competence of the students. THE GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD OF TEACHING ENGLISH The grammar-translation method is a method of teaching foreign languages derived from the classical method of teaching Greek and Latin Late 19th and early 20th centuries It was essentially based on the use of L1(mother tongue) and L2(target language) 3. All rights reserved. Both activi. It means that GTM can create the domination of the, teacher in the classroom. This program was done once, two weeks. The characteristics of GTM are used to teach grammar in the class, focused on translation and memorizing verb conjugations and… There has been a shift of emphasis from linguistic competence to communicative competence, from frontal teaching to group work, from form to meaning, and from accuracy to fluency ,i.e., there has been a move back from teaching grammar for its own sake. and CA for second language learners. Furthermore, English for General (EFG) is the second program that BEST had. However, nowadays it is believed that fluency is more important. Fundamental of Teaching English to Speakers of other Languages Then he, the materials applied in this English Course. The Grammar-Translation Method. It is, language that they learn in the classroom for meaningful communication. A STUDY OF BANGLADESHI COLLEGE TEACHERS’ AND STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF CLT, An Exploration of EFL Teachers' Perceptions of the Teaching of Communication Strategies, English Language Learners' Perspectives of the Communicative Language Approach, AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS MADE BY 3rd-YEAR THAI BUSINESS ENGLISH UNDERGRADUATES WHEN SPONTANEOUSLY WRITING NARRATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPHS, The application of CLT in literature class at Bangla medium secondary level schools in Bangladesh: a shift from traditional method (GTM) to communicative approach (CLT), The Use of Authentic Texts with Postgraduate Students, The Practice of English Language Teaching, Some misconceptions about communicative language teaching, Teaching By Principles An Interactive Approach To Language Pedagogy, Imported” Communicative Language Teaching Implications for Local Teachers, Techniques & Priciples in Language Teaching, International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, View 2 excerpts, cites results and background, View 2 excerpts, cites methods and results, View 4 excerpts, cites methods and background, View 5 excerpts, references methods and background, View 12 excerpts, references background and methods, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. Furthermore, the next researchers. The direct method of teaching English is one the most widely known methods. (2011). focused on speaking activities, thus exposing students to real-life examples as much as possible. According to Littlewood, (1981:86) Communicative Activities covers two things, they are functional communication, activities and social interaction activities. In this case, the, teacher spoke Indonesian Language, and the students translated it into English based on the. Harmer (2007:69) said that one of CLT characteristics is that CLT can create a real, communication for the students. Chang, C.S. Therefore, it is v, important to use method(s) that can achieve both communicative and linguistics, This article will discuss about the way to achieve both competence in teaching, review of related literature and the previous study. The post-test embodied that there was significant difference in their grammatical competence between the two classes. Translation from one language to another plays a certain part in language learning. In so doing, the strength of this paper is to improve the knowledge of educational practitioners especially in method of teaching English. The advantages of the Grammar-Translation Method: In Grammar-Translation Method, the first language is maintained as the reference system in the learning of the second language. Goals of DM and GTM with regard to language acquisition 3.1. Furthermore, CLT provide, those aspects, culture and context, in teaching language, in this case is teaching English, It means that teaching English not only teach the structure, but also how language. The Natural Method 6. and Selective New Chief of Meeting Program. 14 The Grammar-Translation Method but not John put away it. for 3 months in which a week had 3 or 4 meetings. Then he will describe the programs and the materials applied in this course. The college admission test showed that they share a similar level of the overall English proficiency before the intervention. During the time, the researcher observed the teaching and learning, activity (English for General (EFG) Program. The second part provides a range of practical activities grouped by theme and level. Please share how this access benefits you. Consequently. 3.1 Historical Background of CLT: The Communicative Language Teaching could be said to be a reaction to Audio-lingual Method and Grammar Translation Method. The Grammar Translation Method In Language Teaching is better known as the Grammar-Translation Method. You may wish to read more on this method from the links on the Grammar Translation activity page, or compare it with other methods such as the Audiolingual Method or Communicative Language Teaching. DIRECT METHOD VS GRAMMAR TRANSLATION 1. explained how to construct the correct sentence. As we know that English environment is very important for, the learners, especially for EFL students. This method is useful at times, especially when we deal with a complex grammar rule In conclusion, this study reviews research from past till now and concluded that in selecting teaching approaches it shouldn " t be a matter of trading one approach for another or choosing one way over another, rather, with specific reference to CLT and GTM, the preference of an approach could be an integrated entity where bits of several teaching approaches are blended and act as a complementary approach. Islamic Institute of Uluwiyah Mojokerto Indonesia, The Approaches to Teaching Literature for EFL Young Learners, A Contrastive Study of Grammar Translation Method and Communicative Approach in Teaching English Grammar, Communicative Language Teaching: An Introduction, Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, The Practice of English Language Teaching, Difficulties Faced by Iraqi Teachers in Teaching New English Communicative Syllabuses, Language Teaching and Intercultural Communication: Teaching Korean Grammar to Non-native Speakers. The characteristics grammar translation method 1. foreign language teaching method 2. derived from the classical 3. sometimes called traditional 4. method of teaching Greek and Latin. The method requires students to translate whole texts word by word 6. and memorize numerous grammatical rules and exceptions 7. enormous vocabulary lists. Eclectic Method The basic characteristics of these methods and how they are reflected on grammar teachin g in the language teaching process are important starting points for the study. 4. empirism and technology in fl teaching 5. cognitive theory 6. the second language acquisition tradition 7. humanistic approaches or designer methods 8. communicative language teaching 9. the post-communicative period: towards an enlightened eclecticism 10. Keywords: Method of Teaching, Grammar Translation Method and Communicative Language Teaching. During those activities, the students had to speak English. The, teaching techniques used during the teaching and learning process were (1) at the first level, (BTC level), the teachers used first or second language (Javanese and Indonesian), (2) at, all levels, teachers explained the structure of certain gramma, that time, (3) besides teaching grammar, the teachers also gave li. See more. Audio-Lingual Method 4. they were teaching grammar, (4) the teachers drilled the students to use certain grammar, (5) at the end of the classroom (about 45 minutes before the class finished), the students, are asked to practice in pair the language that they learnt that day, (6) before practici, teachers gave a model for the students in order that the students could understand the, instruction clearly and they could have spirit, because they had known what they would, like to do in front of the classroom, (7) in practicing, the students were asked to have, conversation based on the language used in daily activity, such as asking subject, asking, object, asking time, place, etc. Grammar-translation shares its reliance on presentation-practice-production (PPP) techniques with other second language teaching methods. Elaborate explanations of grammar are always provided. This article will study about the " The Implementation of Grammar Translation Method (GTM) and Comunicative Language Teaching (CLT) Method in Teaching Integrated English " which are applied in Basic English Station (BEST) Course of Jombang. There were som, students who got duty as MC, English translator, speakers to give speech, and other, students had pay attention to the speakers. It is also called the classical method of teaching English. interviewed the director, he asked about the technique implemented in this English course. Actually, language, but they used Indonesian and Javanese frequently. They were 9 to 13 years old. Eventually, my He writes that, "[w]hile translation methods relate to whole texts, translation procedures are used for sentences and the smaller units of language" (p.81). At one time it was called the Classical Method since it was first used in the teaching of the classical languages, Latin and Greek (Chastain 1988). Nevertheless, traces of this method can be found in some practices today, especially in courses where reading and translation are key skills to develop in order to take a proficiency test. The comparison between…, Students' Attitudes toward Grammar Translation Method (GTM) and Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Courses in Urmia University of Medical Sciences (UMSU), English as a foreign language today integrated approach versus communicative approach, Difficulties in teaching and learning English grammar in Libyan universities, English Language Teaching Approaches: A Comparison of the Grammar-translation, Audiolingual, Communicative, and Natural Approaches, ESP VOCABULARY INSTRUCTION: A COMPARISON OF CBI VS. GTM FOR IRANIAN MANAGEMENT STUDENTS, DO TEACHERS AND STUDENTS WANT CLT? In grammar–translation classes, students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating sentences between the target language and the native language. Consequently, a teacher, should teach the students by using a method that can be used to achieve the target of, accuracy and fluency. Although the Grammar-Translation Method often creates frustration for students, it makes few demands on teachers. Download full-text PDF Read ... (1979:3) there are eight characteristics of this method . confidence of students when they spoke in front of the public. 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