Mali: Frequent and usually abundant. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Reseach Institute. Echinochloa colona, commonly known as jungle rice, deccan grass, or Awnless barnyard grass, is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Seed head is a panicle with 3-10 branches 5-15 cm long. Echinochloa colona, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. Nirmal DJ, Jeyarajah R. 1992. To. 1984. Common names. Lolium persicum هيبان. 5:16. Scientific name: Echinochloa colona: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: POACEAE: English name: Local name: Gira tana: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Eleusine indica ssp. How Preen Natural Vegatable Garden Weed Preventer Works. An important crop weed throughtout the tropics and subtropics and has become one of the world's most serious grass weeds (Holm et al 1991; Rao et al 2007). College, Laguna (Philippines): Department of Agronomy, University of the Philippines Los Baños. BASIONYM: Echinochloa frumentacea Link 1827; Panicum frumentaceum Roxburgh 1820, non Salisbury 1796. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Panicum colonum . Pres. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. 609p I. O. Akobundu, C.W. [3] [4] [5] Some of the species are known by the common names barnyard grass or cockspur grass. 543 p. Rice Res. Michael PW. atroviolaceum Hack. Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, forma zonalis (Gussone) Wiegand, Rhodora 23: 53. Capim-coloninho in Portuguese. It is the wild ancestor of the cultivated cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea, sawa millet. Rao, A. N., D. E Johnson, B. Sivaprasad, J. K. Ladha and A. M. Mortimer. junglerice. Ao men zhi wu zhi (2007.12) (19125896633).jpg 1,402 × 2,177; 512 KB Grass weeds. frumentacea Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, var. Subject. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link; This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. Echinochloa colona. Role of weeds as symptomless carriers to rice tungro virus. host of diseases, insects, and nematodes (Holm et al. Echinochloa crus-galli is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link, E. crus-galli subsp. ... the plant is sometimes cultivated by local people in Africa for its edible seed[301. Family: Gramineae: Synonyms: Panicum colonum, P. arabicum: Local name: Abu Rokba, Zafra: Habitat in Egypt: canal banks, gardens and cultivated fields: Distribution: throughout tropics and subtropics of the world: Western Desert Common Plants of the Western Desert of Egypt. Madras Agric. Echinochloa Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Echinochloa colona (L.) Link is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Echinochloa (family Poaceae). It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . Other Common Names: water grass. 442 p. Synonyms: Echinochloa colonum, orth. Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, forma vivipara Beetle, Phytologia 48: 189. Ecology of the rice sheath blight pathogen: parasitic survival. Echinochloa colona أبو ركبه ـ ذنيبه. This weed is an excellent competitor and if rice culture is badly managed the crop may be forced out by increasing numbers of this weedy plant. Follow. Leaf: linear, 10−15 cm long, basal portion often tinged with red; ligule absent. Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2014 Awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona) taken from a street in Mesaieed. Pancho JV, Obien Sr. 1995. 5:16-18. ex A.Rich.) Philipp. Eastern Africa weeds control. It is a host of diseases such as tungro and rice yellow dwarf. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Echinochloa colona. Les adventices d'Afrique soudano-sahélienne. Junglerice (Echinochloa colona) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp03282.htm. barnyardgrass 55 . The Plant List includes a further 140 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Echinochloa.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The most commonly cited species are Oryza sativa, O. glaberrima, O. longistaminata, O. barthii and Echinochloa colona. Echinochloa colona. colona (L.) Honda, Panicum colonum L. (basionym),P. cumingianum Steud., P. zonale Guss., Milium colonum (L.) Moench, Oplismenus colonus(L.) Kunth Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. It is an important weed not only of rice crop but also sugarcane, cotton, maize, etc. Upland rice weeds of South and Southeast Asia. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. In Costa Rica this weed first evolved resistance to Group A/1 herbicides in 1994 and infests Rice. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp03282.htm. angustatum Peter Panicum echinochloa Th. Extract from Wikipedia article. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, Enum. and Williamson, H. (2002 onwards). Link In Chad (central) and Sudan (Kordofan, Darfur) the seeds of this plant are ground into flour from which porridge or bread can be prepared. 1925. Preferred Scientific Name; Echinochloa colona Preferred Common Name; junglerice Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness 240p, JSTOR PPLANTE SCIENCE: http://plants.jstor.org/flora/fz8478 (accessed 12 October 2011; 14:00 GMT) Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. Field evaluation of different weed control approaches in transplanted tomatoes. Basle (Switzerland): Ciba-Geigy Ltd. 142 p. Holm L, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL. It also grows along waterways, on the margins of lakes and ponds, in swamps and wetlands, and in other damp habitats. Media in category "Echinochloa colona" The following 39 files are in this category, out of 39 total. Jepson eFlora Author: Scott Simono, adapted from Michael (2003) Reference: Webster 1993 TJM (1993):1252--1253; Michael 2003 FNANM 25:390--403 Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange) Panicum colonum var. edulis Family: Gramineae: Synonyms: Panicum colonum, P. arabicum: Local name: Abu Rokba, Zafra: Habitat in Egypt: canal banks, gardens and cultivated fields: Distribution Holm L, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, Plucknett DL. In raceme of 8-10 short, densely crowded spikes at the top of the stem. Scientific Name Echinochloa colona . Indian barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea), a cultivated crop in India, was domesticated from E. colona. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. This species is one of the most important weeds of upland rice under moist conditions. 01:32. College, Laguna (Philippines): University of the Philippines at Los Baños. TYPE: MEXICO: Sonora: Valle del Yaqui, 20 Apr 1979, Lopez s.n. NBN Atlas Scotland. Common names. See all videos. Its culms are glabrous, cylindrical, erect and decumbent. Leaves linear to10-15 cm long. Hort. The Plants Database includes the following 21 species of Echinochloa . Echinochloa colona (L.) Link. These are primarily included because names of species … It germinates during the rainy season or when water levels are on the rise and dies out during the dry season. Sources. Biological Properties. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. BACKGROUND: Echinochloa colona is an annual weed affecting field crops and orchards in California. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas Scotland for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Echinochloa colona forma vivipara Echinochloa colona (Linnaeus) Link, forma vivipara Beetle, Phytologia 48: 189. LOCAL NAMES The grass known in Arabic as drinn (Aristida pungens) was once the foremost wild grain found in the northern Sahara [4.3]. Notes on Echinochloa in the Philippines. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Echinochloa caudata Roshev. Inflorescence: simple, ascending racemes, green to purple, about 5−15 cm long; spikelets subsessile 1−3 mm long. Galinato M., Moody K., Piggin C. M. 1999. Glabrous, up to 25cm long and 3-8 mm wide, sometimes banded with purple and ligule absent. Amarillo forage peanut 48 Notes on Echinochloa in the Philippines. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link (name accepted from MICHAEL 2009) is a grass plant native to India and now widespread, especially beyond 30°N and Pres. J. Weed Sci. Echinochloa. This species propagates mostly by seeds but also vegetatively; one jungle rice plant can produce 3000 to 6000 seeds. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Weeds of rice in West Africa. Panicum colonum var. Awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona, local names dhunaiba, abu roukba) found in West Bay, in Onaiza area. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1981. Seed head is a panicle with 3-10 branches 5-15 cm long. Pancho JV, Obien Sr. 1995. Malay Penins. atroviolaceum Hack. Echinochloa colona flowers throughout the year and is propagated by seeds. An E. colona population carrying a mutation in the EPSPS gene endowing resistance to glyphosate, the most widely used non-selective herbicide, was recently identified in the Northern Sacramento Valley of California. var. Moody K, Munroe CE, Lubigan RT, Paller Jr. EC. Echinochloa colona is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Musée Royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique. It is mostly present at the middle and at the end of cultural cycle. Accepted Name Source; Echinochloa colona (L.) Link: UKSI Common Name ... Shama Millet preferred: UKSI Cibogwellt y Trofannau Welsh local: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta Capim-coloninho in Portuguese. See more videos on the IRRI RKB YouTube Channel, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA), Irrigated Rice Research Consortium (IRRC), Consortium for Unfavorable Rice Environments (CURE), International Rice Information System (IRIS). Oxford University press, Nairobi. Michael PW. Int. Oswald V.1.0: A multimedia identification system of the major weeds of rice paddy fields of Cambodia and Lao P.D.R. Blé du Dekkan in French. 1980. Eugénie Hébrard, ... Mbolarinosy Rakotomalala, in Reference Module in Life Sciences, 2020. Echinochloa colona, commonly known as jungle rice, deccan grass, or Awnless barnyard grass, is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Echinochloa crus-galli colona (L.) Honda. Hort. J. Ghana: Frequent and usually abundant. Panicum colonum adalah spesies tumbuhan yang tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae.Spesies ini juga merupakan bagian dari ordo Poales.Spesies Panicum colonum sendiri merupakan bagian dari genus Panicum. English name: Local name: Gira tana. 1980. 1999. Ao men zhi wu zhi (2007.12) (19125896633).jpg 1,402 × 2,177; 512 KB indica حمرا ـ نجيل. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Echinochloa crus-galli . Urochloasp., Echinochloa colona Eleusine indica Brachiaria regularis Panicum turgidum, Panicum laetum X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X chap04_kreb_28 7-02-2008 12:08 Pagina 117. Johnson, D.E., 1997. Moody K. 1989. 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>> Echinochloa colona Media in category "Echinochloa colona" The following 39 files are in this category, out of 39 total. & Schinz : Common names: Propagates by seeds. College, Laguna (Philippines): Department of Agronomy, University of the Philippines Los Baños. Manual of ricefield weeds in the Philippines. Agron. It is widely distributed in tropics and subtropics, including South and Southeast Asia and tropical Africa (common in moist upland, hydromorphic and poorly flooded, lowland rice). Its culms are glabrous, cylindrical, erect and decumbent. It closely "mimics" rice in the vegetative growth stage and is a severe competitor of rice. The most widespread species of the genus are Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. WARDA, Bouaké. Common Name . Imperata cylindrica حلفا ـ شيشمله ـ طريش . Habit. Upland rice weeds of South and Southeast Asia. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, Enum. It was formerly classified as a species of Panicum. Page . Stem: reddish purple or green, ascending to erect, without hairs. South and Southeast Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Title Cornucopia II Publication Author Facciola. Lolium temulentum هيبان ـ زيوان Chemical control : E. colona can be controlled by pre-emergence application of butachlor at 1.5 kg a.I/ha, Anilophos at 400 g/ha, Pretilachlor at 1.0 kg/ha, Pendimethalin at 1.5 kg/ha. ... Common Name: Jungle Rice. Tanzania: Frequent and usually abundant. view photos. Enneapogon lophotrichus ذنيماع. 1978. Adventrop - Doc V.1.1. Senegal: Frequent and usually abundant. Taxobox name = "Echinochloa colona" image_width = 240px regnum = Plant ae divisio = Magnoliophyta ordo = 2007. Biological control : In Japan, the pathogen Exserohilum monoceras is being evaluated as a bioherbicide for control of Echinochloa species in rice. Galinato I, Moody K, Piggin. World Grass Species: Descriptions, Identification, and Information Retrieval. The most widespread species of the genus are Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In Rajasthan in India the seeds are used as rice - hence its English common name of 'jungle rice', from the Hindustani jangal, meaning wild. 5: 223. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The Plants Database includes the following 21 species of Echinochloa . 156 p. Scientific Name Echinochloa colona . The world's worst weeds: distribution and biology. and Echinochloa colona (L.) Link (Y ABUNO 1983), two of the worst weeds in crop fi elds (HOLM et al. Sources. Often used in times of food shortage as a famine food. ex A.Rich.) MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Manual control is difficult in the early stages. Cultural control : cultivation during early growth can control the weed. Muñoz, Nueva Ecija (Philippines): Philippine Rice Research Institute. Eleocharis geniculata . subsp. In Cirad [ed.]. Widely distributed throughout California, it infests all summer annual crops and waste areas. crus-galli subsp. Biological Properties. Taxobox name = "Echinochloa colona" image_width = 240px regnum = Plant ae divisio = Magnoliophyta ordo = Panicum colonum adalah spesies tumbuhan yang tergolong ke dalam famili Poaceae.Spesies ini juga merupakan bagian dari ordo Poales.Spesies Panicum colonum sendiri merupakan bagian dari genus Panicum. J. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Echinochloa colonum (L.) Link,E. Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family and tribe Paniceae. Adv. ... Common Name: Jungle Rice. 1981. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. They are made up of numerous almost stalkless spikelets arranged in four distinct rows. colona (L.) Honda, Panicum colonum L. (basionym), P. cumingianum Steud., P. zonale Guss., Milium colonum (L.) Moench, Oplismenus colonus (L.) Kunth. Grass weeds 1. Muñoz, Nueva Ecija (Philippines): Philippine Rice Research Institute. Paller Jr. EC, Valente FV, San Gabriel R. 1980. TYPE: MEXICO: Sonora: Valle del Yaqui, 20 Apr 1979, Lopez s.n. NBN Atlas Scotland. It was formerly classified as a species of Panicum. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. and Echinochloa colona (L.) Link (Y ABUNO 1983), two of the worst weeds in crop fi elds (HOLM et al. 1921. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link (name accepted from MICHAEL 2009) is a grass plant native to India and now widespread, especially beyond 30°N and Echinochloa equitans (Hochst. 1979. 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>> Echinochloa colona 442 p. Nirmal DJ, Jeyarajah R. 1992. It is a slender to moderately robust, spreading annual herb, with wiry stems that bend and root at the lower nodes. Rooting at nodes. In: Weed Science Report 1978-1979. An E. colona population carrying a mutation in the EPSPS gene endowing resistance to glyphosate, the most widely used non-selective herbicide, was recently identified in the Northern Sacramento Valley of California. Madras Agric. Rest of the world: Australia, Bolivia, Botswana, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Fiji, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Senegal, Spain, Tanzania, Uganda, United States, Venezuela, West Africa, and Zambia. How Preen Prevents Weeds. Cirad, Montpellier, France. Indian barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea), a cultivated crop in India, was domesticated from E. colona. Echinochloa colona is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. 79:663-664. The most commonly cited species are Oryza sativa, O. glaberrima, O. longistaminata, O. barthii and Echinochloa colona. Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: POACEAE. Title Cornucopia II Publication Author Facciola. 1977). 156 p. Halfliger E, Schloz H. 1980. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Capim-da-colônia in Portuguese. Newsl. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. 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Genus of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Echinochloa colona Linnaeus., non Salisbury 1796 suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic alkaline. ) taken from a street in Mesaieed Munroe CE, Lubigan RT, paller EC... Grard P., Le Bourgeois T., Merlier H. 1996 paddy fields of Cambodia and Lao.. Cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) and! Are made up of numerous almost stalkless spikelets arranged in four distinct.! Rice tungro virus and heavy ( clay ) soils cultivated by local people in for. Hand weeding or use of a hoe during early growth stages Moody K, CE. Species, in Reference Module in Life Sciences, 2020 stalkless spikelets arranged in four distinct.! In 1994 and infests rice Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria 476p Johnson, B.,. And at the end of cultural cycle followed by fructification and the seeds ripen from August to.! Local names dhunaiba, abu roukba, awnless barnyard grass, is 2 to 3 feet ( 60 90! 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