Wipe up any excess, then let the coat dry to a glassy finish. Prepare Test Areas. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. Because floor sanding creates a great deal of dust, don’t forget to cover the doorways with plastic sheeting or a set of old sheets, preventing dust from traveling beyond the work area. The reason is you want to replace the drying off rag at the point that it gets completely sodden. Again, you just want to stain no more than your arm can reach, rag off the excess, move back, stain, rag off, move back, stain, rag off. Typically the floor will then be sealed with some sort of lacquer or varnish to lock in the color and protect the floor. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in the grain. Wipe dark areas of the floor with mineral spirits or acetone to lift the stain from the wood. First, set up the sander with 60-grit sandpaper and, after donning protective eyewear and a dust mask, start moving the sander over the floor. Infact you want to replace it before then. Instead, sand either by hand or with a sanding pole. It is made to soak into whatever it’s being applied to change the color. That said, you can save a considerable sum by doing it yourself, sometimes more than half of what it would cost to hire a pro. Other things to consider, is the previous finish an Oil? Rub stain over all three sections with a rag. If so, please leave a comment below or share this article! For a custom refinish job involving sanding the hardwood flooring, and applying stains, water-based or oil-based finishes, and other finishes like … In general, gel or heavy-bodied stains work best. One thing you must do is check how many square metres of floor the stain covers per litre and make sure you get enough + 10-15%. The less boards you stain the faster you can move. Doing so may take more sweat than you anticipated, but for a quality stain finish, it’s an important and sadly unavoidable effort. That took a lot of effort, it’s really difficult to explain this. Once you’ve mapped out your path, get started. You may also want to cover any light fixtures or HVAC vents. So now you have your floor sanded and smooth. If the type of sealer you’re using does not require sanding between coats, you can proceed directly to the second application of polyurethane. Whether you are hiring a contractor, or refinishing your floors yourself, you can find a wide variety of colors in our Wood Finish™ Stains to make your floors look just the way you want them to. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. For floors finished with wax or penetrating stains, very gently rub the water stain on the wood with #000 steel wool and wax. Adding even more stress to the task: For any room larger than a closet, you’ll need a similarly large sanding tool to get the job done—namely, a waist-height random orbital sander. This doesn’t mean there is nothing you can do to get a bit of color back into your floor. If so there are a litany of different colored oils you can use. It’s usually wise to begin in one of the corners opposite the door and then work your way toward the exit. You are going to stain a number of boards in 1 go, moving from one end of the room to the other. So here’s my solution; instead of ‘staining’ the floor, use a ‘coloured lacquer.’ That is, a lacquer that will actually protect your floor once applied, that has a color within it. Any questions also please leave below. These are liquids with a very fine dusty pigment in it. The market is moving toward more water based stains and away from the solvent based. Let the floor dry, then stain, wax, and buff by hand. Wood stains are coatings that protect the surface of furniture while promoting a dramatic look from the natural grain. Ideally you would get another person to help you with another bucket, brush and rags. You need to make sure that when the floor has been freshly stained, you’ll be able to leave it without stepping all over your work. I would stain 2 boards along one side, then 2 along the other side. You typically must wait 24 hours before being able to walk safely on the floor again, and as long as 72 hours before replacing furniture in the room. It’s a demanding project, even for a veteran home handyman. Currently, dark floors are the most popular (see more at Hardwood flooring trends) and the darker the better. Empty the room. For a floor anything up to 20 square metres, I just need 2 rags, 1 for ragging on, and 1 for ragging off. When I walked in the door, my feet were sticking to the floor, you could hear as I peeled each one of my feet off the floor. These water based stains are becoming higher and higher quality and are a good bet to go with. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. Start brushing the stain into the edge of the floor along the back wall about a metre to a metre and a half, from the corner out, then down the other wall along the ends of the boards, pictured below. You then want to swiftly load up (dip it into the stain, allowing a moment for the stain to poor off before moving it out from over the bucket) your “ragging on rag” and rub the stain into those boards only so far as you have brushed against the back wall. All self explanatory so far. Choose an interior wood stain based on the color you desire and the type of hardwood flooring you have. Even after vacuuming every inch of the space, there’s still more to do. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you. That way you don’t have to worry about the stain soaking in to get the desired colour. Because when a hardwood floor starts to show wear and tear, you can refinish it and in so doing, revitalize its look and performance. If you don’t this can lead to problems and longer drying times. Let the stain dry, then assess whether you’d like the finish to be darker. Then you want to dry off the surface with your “ragging off rag.”. It just means once you start, you don’t stop until it’s done. If you apply these stains to a waterproof sealed wood floor, its not going to soak in properly and it’s going to be messy. I buy rag in large rolls and cut off as much as I need for a particular floor. Opt instead for a heavy-duty shop vac, fitted with a brush attachment and, ideally, a new filter. It's available as an oil-based stain, and comes in a wide selection of stain colors. Honey toned hardwood floors create rooms that are warm and welcoming. Staining costs about $0.34/SF per coat. Without question, wood costs more than other types of flooring, but many homeowners view the material as a wise long-term investment. I’ll explain why below. Be prepared to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. They’re also generally user-friendly and pose little risk of damaging the floor, so long as you read and adhere to the operating instructions provided with the unit. If you get it wrong, you have to resand (though it’s a much easier, finer sand). If you don’t sand the floor carefully and deliberately, that’s going to show once the stain dries. What it does is open the pores of the wood to allow it to take the stain evenly and deeply. It’s time to start staining, but before you start there’s one thing you need to remember; time is of the essence. When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. After the stain is dry or if you are skipping stain, finish by sealing the floor. Top the finish with a protective and glossy coat of polyurethane sealer. Relocate all furniture, and if the room has baseboards use a pry bar to remove the quarter-round shoe moldings that mark the transition between the baseboard and the floor. The wood grain is so open that in one coat you should be able to get the look you want. Seal the Floor. The good old fashioned “wax on wax off” technique. 5 Top Hardwood Options to Know. staining floor apply stain. Don’t be tempted to use the brawny random orbital sander to sand at this late stage; here, finesse is the name of the game. What’s more is that if the previous finish is worn off in areas, the stain WILL soak in and those areas will stand out like a sore thumb. Hopefully one day there will be a product that is so forgiving that you can stain a bit 1 day, then stain another bit another day, and it won’t cause a problem. When pouring make sure you are doing it in a way that won’t splash! Any larger than 20 square metres and you begin to need more rags. Apply the stain with a foam applicator pad in the direction of the wood grain. Hardwood flooring offers rich, warm, timeless beauty, and can even favorably affect the resale value of your home. Remember to keep the sander level, and never stop the sanding disks when they are in contact with the floor. The technique of wetting the wood down before staining is called “popping” the grain. Use a synthetic applicator to spread conditioner across the middle of the floor; allow to dry two hours. Wipe away the excess with a rag before moving on to the next section. Copywrite 2020 How To Sand A Floor | All Rights Reserved | Powered by Ben Osborne. Make no mistake, however: Sanding, staining, and sealing a wood floor takes time and effort. Whether you are installing a new hardwood floor, refinishing an old one, or just keeping your existing floor looking as good as new, Minwax® has a full range of products to make and keep your floors beautiful. “There's no better way to make wood floors feel elevated than by adding a dark stain. These stains are produced in batches and one batch can vary to the next, says the disclaimer. This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in … If you want to change or improve the floor color, apply a stain. In the corners, or where the floor meets the baseboards, a two-inch paintbrush may prove handier than the applicator. What is a stain? I’d say that the most popular color is a 50/50 blend of ebony and dark walnut. Black hardwood flooring stains and how to refinish floors to make them as black as possible. UPDATE March 2016: I have updated my free eBook to include recommended stains for our US readers. A stain or dye, is made to color something. I decided I wanted to use the Gel stain and not have to sand down to the original wood. … When the stain is completely dry, it’s time for the last step—protecting the finish with polyurethane sealer. Try not to let the “wet edge” dry. Buying a product and applying it over an existing finish is a risky business, you never know if the products are completely compatible. But in the case that you don’t have someone to help you, here’s what I do. Our complete Minwax ® interior stain system gives you everything you need for a great-looking finish every time. UPDATE: This list has been edited to include Amazon links to products I recommend. Staining and sealing hardwood floors the right way — whether you’re refinishing, refurbishing, or stripping the wood floor — results in years of enjoyment. Refinishing your hardwood floors is a great way to warm up your room and add value to your home. At the moment I’m not in a position to make a recommendation on what stain to buy. When you water pop wood, you won’t have to do multiple coats of stain either. These lacquers should be applied in the same way described in the “How to lacquer a floor.” You may want to put the coats down a little thicker than usual. If you’re ready and willing to take on the task, keep reading for the details on how to stain your own hardwood floors. I learnt this the hard way a few years ago when the paint kettle wasn’t quite big enough to mix all the cans needed for the floor. Is staining hardwood floors without resanding possible? If you had to buy 2 or more cans of stain to cover the area, mix all of the cans of stain together. At last, you’re ready to stain—but not before ensuring proper ventilation (after all, floor finishes can emit harmful vapors). You want to start staining at the far end of the room from the exit. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. Stir the protective finish. Roll one of the rags into a ball and dip it into the stain (don't go … In any area where the random orbital sander is too large to reach, use a palm sander or a detail sander to achieve the desired level of smoothness. This last can had a hint of blue in it. Welcome to wood flooring week! Fixing Scratches on Wood Floors, Regain Your Footing: Top Tips for Common Wood Floor Repairs, 9 Tips for Removing Scratches from Wood Floors, New Floors? The other way is to use a stain or wood dye, which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. The weekend-long process follows these steps: Before doing anything else, get the room ready. Your gloves and mask are on, you’ve poured out and stirred your stain. This means that you have to work back to the middle from both sides. Remove dust with … Remove dust with a heavy-duty shop vac followed by rags dampened with mineral spirits. Learning how to apply stain allows you to bring out wood's rich colors and textures. Stain the floor in sections long and wide enough to allow you to wipe the stain off about 5 minutes after application, without walking on it. I stained 70% of the floor then added the final can. After looking at the original hardwood floors for a few days, I decided they were too orange and I needed to tone down the color. In the case of stains for wood or wood floors. Hope it makes sense and gives you confidence in staining your floor! After you’ve finished sanding, remove the plastic film off your windows, vents and … Otherwise, sand the floor with fine, 320-grit abrasive to ensure that the second coat properly adheres. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Using a high-density foam roller (and, if necessary, a two-inch brush for some parts of the room), apply a thin, even coat across the entire floor surface. Apply Stain to the Hardwood. The cost to Stain Hardwood Floors starts at $0.72 - $1.61 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. In short, if there’s something you don’t want filmed by a layer of dust, now is the time to protect it. This will give it time to level out before it dries, any lumps and bumps will be darker than the rest of the floor so this is important. In reality, every single batch varies slightly in color. Some jobs are better left to the pros. Wood flooring professionals tend to assume that everyone knows that stain is quite different from finish (varnish is one class of finish used on floors, but not the only one), which is the generic term for any substance that can seal the porous surface of wood and provide a layer of … I’m traumatised by the number of times I thought I had enough, used more than the coverage indicated on the tin and ended up running out! Apply Stain. Staining hardwood floors is easy, as long as you are aware of these hurdles. Work toward the door from the farthest corner in the room; you don't want to have to walk over your freshly stained floor to get out of the room. Apply Stain. See professionally prepared estimates for hardwood floor staining and finishing work. Until you’re finished. Decide which amount of wood stain sealer gives you the desired look. Step 3 YES INDEED. Using a lambswool applicator, apply the stain to the floor, aiming for even distribution over one two-foot section at a time. Choosing wood floor stain colors that have orangey, honey or red tones is a great choice for subtly adding depth and enhancing the grain of the wood. If this is slightly too much for your paint kettle then mix it in a bucket and either use that or refill your paint kettle as and when you need to. Stain the Floors. Sanding may be the single most critical step in the process; it largely determines the quality of the end result. Until then you have to be fairly swift and never leave an edge to dry for too long. Knowing how to stain and seal a hardwood floor properly pays off in having a beautiful finish and enduring protection. … This week we are hoping to walk you through all the ins and outs of our first foray into refinishing our wood floors. Once you’ve ensured a safe work environment, stop a moment and strategize. Use a random orbital sander to sand the floor three times, using a lighter-grit abrasive with each pass. You can download it here. If so, apply a second coat in the same way that you did the first. So here is a hiccup that people often run into. At this point, your job is simple but painstaking: Thoroughly vacuum up the enormous quantity of dust created during the sanding stage of the project. Wood Floor Stain – Each layer of stain takes at least 24 hours to dry, with darker stains taking longer. Why? Finished? The problem with refinishing wood floors without sanding is you never know what the floor was finished with before. Just as with a good finish job, the first step to a quality staining job is making sure the floor is … Lets say the exit is directly in the middle of the floor. So here’s why you need more rags when the floor gets over 15-20 metres. A rich brown or graphite floor grounds a room and, from a practical standpoint, hides any imperfections in an existing floor.” — Eliza McNabb All the while brushing against the wall. Whew! You then want to move along and brush against the wall for another metre to a metre and a half and repeat the rag on, rag off process. I personally like the solvent stains, purely because I have been using them for a decade. , which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. Don’t use your regular household vacuum, though—it’s probably not up to the task. Then just keep going back and for until you are in the middle where you work your way backwards towards the door. Infact you may need a third rag at 10 square metres. Becoming higher and higher quality and are a good bet to go with bit color... It gets completely sodden sounds and seems like a sore thumb ideal for staining hardwood floors, cabinets or. 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