This page was last edited on 5 August 2017, at 05:15. File:Prince Fakhr-ud Din Mirza, eldest son of Bahadur Shah II, 1856.jpg, File:Square Prince Fakhr-ud Din Mirza.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Prince_Fakhr-ud_Din_Mirza,_eldest_son_of_Bahadur_Shah_II,_1856.jpg&oldid=254234041, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, {{Information |Description={{en|1=Prince Fakhr-ud Din Mirza, eldest son of Bahadur Shah II, in February 1856, before he died five months later on 10 July 1856. }} BAHADUR SHAH IBAHADUR SHAH I (1643–1712), Mughal emperor (1707–1712). So, her sense of frustration could have made her leave Varanasi. (ba-hah'door), a Mogul emperor of Hindustan, 1707-12, the son and successor of Aurangzeb. He succeeded his father, Emperor Akbar Shah II. As soon as they received the news, Rana Bahadur and his group proceeded towards Kathmandu. Early years. To make sure that Girvan succeeded to the throne while Kantavati was still alive, Rana Bahadur, aged just 23, abdicated in favor of their son on 23 March 1799, placing his first wife, Raj Rajeshwari, as the regent. He ruled under the regencies of his mother, Queen Rajendra Rajya Lakshmi Devi (died on 13 July 1785 from tuberculosis), and then of his uncle, Bahadur Shah. The Emperor nominated his eldest surviving son, Mirza Mughal, to be commander in chief of his forces, but Mirza Mughal had little military […] He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rana Ratan Singh, who was assassinated in 1531. [41] Damodar Pande and his men were arrested at Thankot where they were waiting to greet the ex-King with state honors and take him into isolation. He succeeded to the throne in 1707 at the old age of sixty three, and became the seventh Mughal Emperor. Bahadur Shah hastened to fight for his father’s throne. On the death of Bahadur Shah I, three wars of succession took place among his sons, namely, Jahandar Shah, Azim-ush-Shan, Rafi-ush­-Shan and Jahan Shah, all of whom were in Lahore. Bahadur Shah (1702-1712): After the death of Aurangzeb there was a war of succession among his three sons. In 1794 when king Rana Bahadur Shah came of age, his first act was to re-constitute so that his uncle, Bahadur Shah would have no official part to play. [note 5][31] The primary objective of Knox's mission was to bring the trade treaty of 1792 into full effect and to establish a "controlling influence" in Nepali politics. Bahadur Shah died in February 1712 A.D. Jahandar Shah (1712-13) After the death of Bahadur Shah there was a struggle for succession among his four sons. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or fewer. Rana Bahadur however was an ascetic in name only. Dev Shamsher J.B. Rana. [18] An elaborate intrigue was set in motion with the aim of splitting the unity of courtiers in Kathmandu Durbar and fomenting anti-British feelings. In 1777, he succeeded to the throne after the death of his father, King Pratap Singh Shah. Bahadur Shah was the youngest son of Prithvi Narayan Shah, his eldest son Pratap Singh Shah became the king of Nepal, but he died soon. Because of Zafar's neutral views on religions, many Indian kings and regiments accepted and declared him as the Emperor of India. His youngerbrother, Muhammad Azim, who was in the Deccan with his father, usurpedthe throne, took possession of the treasury, and assumed command of theImperial army. He later got rid of them with the help of Asaf Jah I – Syed Hussain Ali Khan was murdered at Fatehpur Sikri in 1720 and Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha was fatally poisoned in 1722. A flurry of letters were exchanged between the ex-King and individual courtiers in which he tried to set them up against Damodar Pande and tried to woo them by promises of high government positions, which they could hold for their entire life, and which could be inherited by their progeny. Of his sons Muhammed Sultan- His eldest son, to his 2nd wife Nawab Bai. During this time, the kingdom expanded by conquest to include the Garhwal and Kumaon regions, now part of India. [4][5] In mid 1795, he became infatuated with a Maithili Brahman widow, Kantavati Jha, and married her on the oath of making their illegitimate half-caste son (as per the Hindu law of that time) the heir apparent, by excluding the legitimate heir from his previous marriage. He was a man of mild and equitable temper, learned, dignified and generous. Muzaffar Shah II nominated Sikandar Shah (Bahadur Shah's elder brother) as the heir apparent to the throne. Bahadur Shah I., a Mogul emperor of Hindustan, A.D. 1707-1712, the son and successor of Aurangzeb. [2] Court life was consumed by rivalry centered on alignments with these two regents rather than on issues of national administration, and it set a bad precedent for future competition among contending regents. This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. His reign was just 5 years till 1712, and during this time he tried to get rid of the strict edicts of his father. [17][19] This arrangement was kept a secret from Rana Bahadur and his group; but when they eventually became aware of the strictures on their movement, and hence the treaty, they were incensed at the British as well as the proponents (Damodar Pande and his faction) of this treaty in Nepal. He was not able to eliminate Jazia but supported music, now people could hear the songs again. Jahandar Shah, son of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah I, was the Mughal King of India for the period of 1712-1713. He is a son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. From here on Rana Bahadur Shah became known as Swami Maharaj. In Varanasi, Rana Bahadur had sold all her jewelry to support his dissipation and had acquired many new wives and concubines. He first sought help from the British in exchange for which he was willing to concede a trading post in Kathmandu and grant them certain percentage of the tax revenue. [13] This led to a direct conflict with almost all the courtiers who had pledged a holy oath of allegiance to the legitimate King Girvan; this conflict eventually led to the establishment of a dual government and to an imminent civil war, with Damodar Pande leading the military force against the dissenting ex-King and his group. In 1794 King Rana Bahadur Shah came of age, and his first act was to re-constitute the government such that his uncle, Bahadur Shah, had no official part to play. The treaty was signed by Gajraj Misra, on the behalf of Nepal Durbar, and Charles Crawford, on the behalf of East India Company, in Danapur, India. Sensing an imminent hostility, Knox aligned himself with Subarnaprabha and attempted to interfere with the internal politics of Nepal. Similarly, he had borrowed a lot of money from the East India Company as well. Pratap Singh Shah's successor was his son, Rana Bahadur Shah (reigned 1777–99), aged two and one-half years at his accession. Background of Invasion of Chittor: Rana Sanga was injured in Battle of Khanwa in 1527, and died in 1528 poisoned by his own people. The exact reason for Rajrajeshowri's departure from Varanasi is a matter of controversy. Aurangzeb was succeeded by his son Muazzam, who ascended the throne as Bahadur Shah I in 1707. Alternative Titles: Prince Muʿaẓẓam, Shāh ʿĀlam. Shah Jahan is the 5th Mughal emperor, coming after Bâbur, Humâyûn, Akbar, and Jahângîr, his father. From 1696 to 1707, he was governor of Akbarabad (later known as Agra), Kabul and Lahore. Jahandar Shah, son of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah I, was the Mughal King of India for the period of 1712-1713. [11] However, Rana Bahadur's renunciation lasted only a few months. When Aurangzeb died in the Deccan in the last week of February,1707, his eldest son, Bahadur Shah was away in Afghanistan. At the time of the latter's death his eldest surviving son, Prince Muazim, was governor of Kabul, and in his absence the next brother, Azam Shah, assumed the functions of royalty. After the usual war of succession, Bahadur Shah survived and ascended the throne. He was the son in law of the Golkonda Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah. Zafar (meaning 'victory' in Persian) was a poet and an artist. Born on 28 June 1653, Azam was the eldest son of Aurangzeb and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum. She had issue, six sons and four daughters - see below. [20][21], Meanwhile, Rajrajeshowri, fed up of her debauch husband, left Varanasi,[note 3] entered the border of Nepal on 26 July 1801, and taking advantage of the weak regency, was slowly making her way towards Kathmandu with the view of taking over the regency. Bahadur Shah, also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam and Shah Alam was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. The Battle of Jajau was fought between the two Mughal princes and brothers Bahadur Shah I and Muhammad Azam Shah on 20 June 1707. Mirza Ahmad Shah Bahadur, elder son of her maternal uncle, Mirza Muhammad Farkhunda Jamal Mughal, by his second wife, Afruz Jahan Begum Sahiba. [35] Rajrajeshowri's presence in Kathmandu also stirred unrest among the courtiers that aligned themselves around her and Subarnaprabha. [3], Meanwhile, Rana Bahadur's youth had been spent in pampered luxury. “The eldest son of his late Majesty Mirza Aboo Zuffer has quietly succeeded to the throne under the usual salutes. Mughal emperor from 1719 to 1748. [14][13], As Rana Bahadur Shah's Bestfriend and advisor, Bhimsen Thapa also accompanied him to Varanasi. For instance, he had once given an alms of Rs 500 to a Brahmin. On April 25, 1806, he was beheaded by his half-brother, Sher Bahadur Shah. [note 1][5][7] By 1797, his relationship with his uncle, who was living a retired life, and who wanted to seek refuge in China on the pretext of meeting the new emperor, had deteriorated to the extent that he ordered his imprisonment (on 19 February 1797) and his subsequent murder (on 23 June 1797). The premature death of Pratap Singh Shah (reigned 1775–77), the eldest son of Prithvi Narayan Shah, left a huge power vacuum that remained unfilled for decades, seriously debilitating the emerging Nepalese state. [19] In the resulting confusion many courtiers were jailed, while some executed, based solely on rumors. Bahadur Shah's relationship with his brother and father became tense as Sikandar Shah began to assume greater administrative control. His reign was just 5 years till 1712, and during this time he tried to get rid of the strict edicts of his father. At the time of the latter's death his eldest surviving son, Prince Muazim, was governor of Kabul, and in his absence the next brother, Azam Shah, assumed the throne. The eldest and the worst son, Uniz-ud-din, with the help of Zulfikar Khan defeated and killed his brothers and ascended the throne with the title of Jahandar Shah. Bahadur Shah I (also Muhammed Muazzam, Shah Alam) was the son of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. When Bahadur Shah received the news of death of Aurangzeb, he immediately decided to move towards […] The eldest son of the Great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah's original name was Muʿazzam. Although the Bahadur Shah Park underwent many improvements, the damaged monument of Khwaja Hafizullah, the eldest son of the Nawab of Dhaka, Sir Khwaja Ahsanullah, remains in … [9] However, within a year of Girvan's birth, Kantavati contracted tuberculosis; and it was advised by physicians that she perform ascetic penances to cure herself. He died in 1712, when he was overseeing the repair … He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rana Ratan Singh, who was assassinated in 1531. Being ranodatta was the eldest son but not made king of Nepal, That same year in 1797, Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah was born and was immediately declared the crown prince. He ascended the throne as Bahadur Shah. [5][9] It was around this time that both Bhimsen Thapa and his father Amar Singh Thapa (sanu) were promoted from subedar to the rank of sardar, and Bhimsen began to serve as the ex-King's chief bodyguard. [12] He then renounced his ascetic life and attempted to re-assert his royal authority. During Vikramaditya Singh’s reign, Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah had attacked Chittor in 1534. [36], Such open display of anti-British feelings and humiliation prompted the Governor General of the time Richard Wellesley to recall Knox to India and unilaterally suspend the diplomatic ties. [note 6][17][35][33] The Nepalese court also felt it prudent to keep Rana Bahadur in isolation in Nepal itself, rather than in the British controlled India, and that paying off Rana Bahadur's debts could facilitate his return at an opportune moment. During Vikramaditya Singh’s reign, Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah had attacked Chittor in 1534. b. at Delhi, 1854 (s/o Shah uz-Zamani Begum), educ. |Source=V& A Museum [http://images.vam.ac.uk/indexplus/result.html?_IXFIRST_=16&_IXSS_=_IXFI. After then, the country was ruled by the regency of his uncle, Bahadur Shah, another son of Prithvi Narayan Shah. Rana Bahadur's death was followed by the Bhandarkhal massacre. He assumed the title of Bahadur Shah, and reigned for less than five years. Born January 5, 1592 in Lahore, he died on January 22, 1666 in Agra at the age of 74 years. He sent his uncle Bahadur Shah to jail, who later died in jail. Born on 28 June 1653, Azam was the eldest son of Aurangzeb and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum. The eldest son of Emperor Bahadur Shah II and Crown Prince of the Mughal Empire from 1837 to 1849. Rana Bahadur Shah, King of Nepal (Nepali: रण बहादुर शाह) (1775–1806) was the King of Nepal from 1777 to 1799. Early Life and Background. He was an inefficient ruler. Since he was much richer than his brothers, they envied him. He was not able to eliminate Jazia but supported music, now people could hear the songs again. [17][24], After Rajrajeshowri took over the regency, she was pressured by Knox to pay the annual pension of 82,000 rupees to the ex-King as per the obligations of the treaty,[32] which paid off the vast debt that Rana Bahadur Shah had accumulated in Varanasi due to his spendthrift habits. After the inevitable death of Kantavati, Rana Bahadur suffered a mental breakdown during which he lashed out by desecrating temples and cruelly punishing the attendant physicians and astrologers. (1,979 × 2,500 pixels, file size: 1.15 MB, MIME type: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/. m. (first) Nawab Said uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba (d.s.p. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1925. BAHADUR SHAH I. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. His first wife was Rajrajeshwori Devi with whom he begot one daughter. Azam would not … [36][32] Subarnaprabha and the members of her faction were arrested. He is known as Shah Jahân, sometimes spelled Shah Jehan, but his offi… After Aurangzeb's death his eldest son by his chief consort, Muhammad Azam Shah, declared himself successor, however was shortly defeated in the Battle of Jajau and overthrown by Bahadur Shah. Emperor Shah Alam II Alongside his father, Shah Alam II grew up in semi-captivity the first 26 years of his life in the Salatin quarters of the Red Fort. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. In this war his eldest son Muazzam emerged victorious and ascended the throne with the title of Bahadur Shah. But at the same time, there is also evidence to support that Rana Bahadur sent her back to Kathmandu with a political motive. His remnants are still present near Feroz Shah Kotla Cricket Stadium. Bahadur Shah Zafar (also known as Aboo Zafar) ascended the Mughal throne in 1837 at the age of 62. Some troops were sent by Kathmandu Durbar to check their progress, but the troops changed their allegiance when they came face to face with the ex-King. He was closer to the sons of Jung Bahadur and spent the majority of his time in their palace, Thapathali Durbar. Ratan Singh was succeeded by his brother Rana Vikramaditya Singh. [37] The Treaty of 1801 was also unilaterally annulled by the British on 24 January 1804. However, Rana Bahadur was reckless in the manner he spent the borrowed money. He was born on May 10, 1664. Since there was no designated crown prince according to Mughal tradition, most successions had led to bloody struggles … [note 2] This move was also supported by all the courtiers who were discontented of his wanton and capricious behavior. [5][8] Such acts earned Rana Bahadur notoriety both among courtiers and common people, especially among Brahmins. Early Life and Background. [41][40] After Rana Bahadur's reinstatement to power, he started to extract vengeance on those who had tried to keep him in exile. Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor.He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837.He was a nominal Emperor, as the Mughal Empire existed in name only and his authority was limited only to the walled city of Old Delhi (Shahjahanbad). Among the articles in the treaty, it decided on perpetual peace and friendship between the two states, on the pension for Rana Bahadur Shah, the establishment of a British Residency in Kathmandu, and a establishment of trade relations between the two states. As the Indian rebellion of 1857 spread, Sepoy regiments reached the Mughal Court at Delhi. Firoz Shah, son of Muhammad bin Tughluq (1351-1388) settled a new city, which is called Feroz Shah Kotla. This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that ". [14][13] Since most of the military officers had sided with the courtiers, Rana Bahadur realized that his authority could not be re-established; and he was forced to flee to the British-controlled city of Varanasi in May, 1800. He was son of Khujista Akhtar, the fourth son of Bahadur Shah I. Born in Burhanpur on October 14, 1643, Bahadur Shah I, originally named Muazzam, was the eldest son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. He tried to establish peace with the Sikhs and Marathas. Although Rana Bahadur left the royal duties after his abdication, he did not relinquish any of its privileges and luxuries. BAHADUR SHAH is A prince. However, he and his three sons, Sultan Bidar Bakht, Shahzada Jawan Bakht Bahadur and Shahzada Sikandar Shan Bahadur, were later defeated and killed by Azam Shah's older half-brother, Prince Shah Alam (later crowned as Bahadur Shah I), during the Battle of … sfn error: no target: CITEREFAcharya2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPradhan2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmacharya2005 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFWaller2004 (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFPradhan2012 (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFNepal2007 (, sfnm error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFAmatya1978 (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFAcharya2012 (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFRegmi1987a (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFRegmi1987b (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFRegmi1988 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Failure of Captain Knox's Mission In Nepal (1801 A.D.-1804 A.D.)", "Francis Buchanan-Hamilton And His Pioneering Natural History Collections In Nepal In 1802–1803", "Three maps of Nepal relating to the pioneering natural history collections of Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1802-3", Rana Bahadur Shah biography – Nepal Home Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rana_Bahadur_Shah&oldid=986513101, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 09:43. His second wife was Subarnaprabha Devi with whom he begot two sons, Rana Udghot Shah and Shamsher Shah. He was born on May 10, 1664. Original file ‎(1,979 × 2,500 pixels, file size: 1.15 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg). The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. The eldest son of the Great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah's original name was Muʿazzam. Rana Udghot Shah was the eldest male heir apparent of Rana Bahadur Shah. Bahadur Shah's father was Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah II, who had ascended to the throne of the Gujarat Sultanate in 1511. Son of Khujista Akhtar, the fourth son of Bahadur Shah I. Wikipedia [9] He joined his ailing wife, Kantavati, with his second wife, Subarnaprabha, in ascetic life and started to live in Deopatan, donning saffron robes and titling himself Swami Nirgunanda. Rana Bahadur had borrowed a lot of money from many different people: Rs 60,000 from Dwarika Das; Rs 100,000 from Raja Shivalal Dube; Rs 1,400 from Ambasankar Bhattnagar. Rana Bahadur Shah had two legitimate wives before marrying Kantavati. Bahadur Shah was more into Royal luxuries rather than the unification campaign. In this war his eldest son Muazzam emerged victorious and ascended the throne with the title of Bahadur Shah. [17][18] The Kathmandu Durbar was willing to appease the British and agreed to sign a commercial treaty so long as the wayward Rana Bahadur and his group were held in India under strict British surveillance. The son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Azam Shah (full name Abu’l Faaiz Qutb-ud-Din Muhammad Azam) was a titular Mughal emperor, who reigned only for 3 months from 14 March 1707 to 8 June 1707.His reign was short lived, credits to the trend in Mughal culture. Since there was no designated crown prince according to Mughal tradition, most successions had led to bloody struggles … Bahadur Shah faced numerous problems during his reign. [36] Getting a wind of this matter, Rajrajeshowri dissolved the government and elected new ministers, with Damodar Pande as the mul kaji, while the Resident Knox, finding himself persona non grata and the objectives of his mission frustrated, voluntarily left Kathmandu to reside in Makwanpur citing a cholera epidemic. He had 5 sons and 5 daughters. A mild and forbearing man, he tackled the problems confronting him with tolerable competence. Bahadur Shah II : biography 24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862 The administration of the city and its new occupying army was chaotic and troublesome, although it continued to function haphazardly. [15] Since Rana Bahadur was willing to do anything to regain his power and punish those who had forced him to exile, he served as a focal point of dissidenting factions in Varanasi. Bakhatbar Singh Basnet, brother of assassinated Kirtiman Singh, was then given the post of mul kaji[25] During his tenure as the mul kaji, on 28 October 1801, a Treaty of Commerce and Alliance[note 4] was finally signed between Nepal and East India Company that led to the establishment of the first British Resident, Captain William O. Knox, who was reluctantly welcomed by the courtiers in Kathmandu on 16 April 1802. Born in 1615, Dara Shikoh was the eldest son of Shah Jahan and his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal; ... and Bahadur Khan’s troopers formed the escort. He was sixty-three years old when he succeeded his father in 1707, ruling for less than five years. Rana Bahadur's retinue included his first wife, Rajrajeswori, while his second wife, Subarnaprabha, stayed back in Kathmandu to serve as the regent. इतिहासको ओझेलमा परेका पात्र हुन् बहादुर शाह! [23][24] Back in Kathmandu the court politics turned complicated when Mul Kaji (or chief minister) Kirtiman Singh Basnet, a favorite of the Regent Subarnaprabha, was secretly assassinated on 28 September 1801, by the supporters of Rajrajeswori. The premature death of Pratap Singh Shah (reigned 1775–77), the eldest son of Prithvi Narayan Shah, left a huge power vacuum that remained unfilled for decades, seriously debilitating the emerging Nepalese state. Bahadur Shah I ( 1707-1712) Aurangzeb was succeeded by his son Muazzam, who ascended the throne as Bahadur Shah I in 1707. [38][39][40][37] The suspension of diplomatic ties also gave the Governor General a pretext to allow the ex-King Rana Bahadur to return to Nepal unconditionally.[39][37]. During the reign of Bahadur Shah, the Rajput states of Jodhpur and Amber were annexed for a short time. The exigencies of Sino-Nepalese War in 1788–92 had forced Bahadur Shah to temporarily take a pro-British stance, which had led to a commercial treaty with the British in 1792. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rana Ratan Singh, who was assassinated in 1531. BAHADUR SHAH I. BAHADUR SHAH I (1643–1712), Mughal emperor (1707–1712). When Bahadur Shah ascended the throne, he was more than 63 and he had passed the age when he could be expected to show initiative in any work. He was a true patriot and a great diplomat. [14][16] However, the British were in favor of working with the existing government in Nepal, rather than risk the uncertainties of restoring an exiled ex-King to power. c) Mirza Muhammad Farkhunda Jamal Mughal. Two … [32] Almost eight months after the establishment of the Residency, Rajrajeshowri finally managed to assume the regency on 17 December 1802. After Aurangzeb's death, the usual war of succession followed, with his eldest surviving son, Muazzam, the subedar of Kabul, who was the first to reach Agra, being successful. He ruled for five years. Ratan Singh was succeeded by his brother Rana Vikramaditya Singh. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Coup. His Majesty, having his abode in paradise (Sháh Jehán, Aurangzebe's father), had a great desire to conquer the provinces of Balkh, Badakhshán, Khorásán, and Hirát which were the … He was born in 1757. On the death of Bahadur Shah I, three wars of succession took place among his sons, namely, Jahandar Shah, Azim-ush-Shan, Rafi-ush­-Shan and Jahan Shah, all … But he was imprisoned and exiled by his elder brother, Pratap Singh when the latter succeeded Prithvi Narayan Shah (January 1775). This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Shah Alam II, as his eldest son, suddenly found himself the crown prince and was relocated from the slum part of the Fort to the imperial palace. Although the Bahadur Shah Park underwent many improvements, the damaged monument of Khwaja Hafizullah, the eldest son of the Nawab of Dhaka, Sir Khwaja Ahsanullah, remains in disrepair.

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