Water stains can happen anywhere, and no matter how careful you are to protect your wood floors or tables, stains still happen. Gel stains also minimize blotching. Scared of messing up your first relationship? Remember, though, that water-based finishes will not stick to wood treated with an oil-based finish, so make sure your finishes are compatible in this way. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Work on one portion of the wood at a time instead of trying to stain the entire piece all at once. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This is called feathering, and it helps to keep the brush strokes from being too noticeable and marring the stain. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. A water-based stain will need water-based products to go with it. Your best bet for the last undercoat is a sanding sealer, at least when it comes to getting a perfect base for a wood varnish finishing topcoat. Preparation. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Purchase wood stain and wood conditioners at your local hardware store or online. Don’t forget the under-edges. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. But, more on that later. Avoid using sandpaper of a lesser grit than 220, otherwise you might scratch the wood. Clean unfinished wood with a damp rag before staining. 3. Anyone can learn to stain the wood the right way. Doing anything the easy way (1-step process) is not usually the best. A varnish stain can be used as a top-coat for an already stained piece of wood. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Clean surface with a damp cloth. Not all stains and sealers play well together. If the project piece is to be purposed for outdoor-only use, you may consider applying a varnish-based stain, let it dry and call it a day. Now that you have chosen the right stain for your project’s wood, the next step is to clean the wood surfaces. Now I'm ready to get started!". Being stuck to work never gave me much luxury of time. A finish can also provide that wet or shiny appearance, which is also a matter of preference. And if it’s not perfect don’t beat yourself up. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/27\/Stain-Wood-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Stain-Wood-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/27\/Stain-Wood-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/aid284997-v4-728px-Stain-Wood-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. You can apply another coat of stain once the wood is dry, if you want to darken the appearance of the stain. Some people believe in conditioning the wood before staining. This makes proper ventilation is especially important when using oil-based sta… And then, how to stain wood without botching your project? Remember-don’t put water-based polyurethane on top of an oil-based stain. (UPDATE!! Repeat the light sanding between coats and then apply the final coat. Work in a well-ventilated area so you're not breathing in the fumes of the stain and other products. It’s pretty easy to apply. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Oil-based stains use mineral spirits as a carrier. Should I put mineral oil on my wood before applying stain or varnish? Read the wiki page to learn more about the history. Before we dive in to the details of how to stain and answer all of the most frequently asked questions, I want to take a moment to chat a little about the different typesof stain that Varathane offers so you know where to begin. You can find wood filler at any local home improvement store or online. In this case, 89% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Appreciate the valued information in your articles on woods for outdoor furniture and on food safe finishes. Gel stains work particularly well on vertical surfaces like doors or cabinets because they don't run or splatter as much. One option is to test stain on an area of the piece that won't show--such as the bottom or back of a dresser. If you used a water-based stain, take some 220 grit sandpaper and gently rough-up the surface a bit, being careful not to gouge your surface. Before first applying a stain or refinishing, wood windows need some simple prep to not only optimize the stain’s appearance but also preserve the quality of the window frame. If there is no protective coat, you may need to lightly sand the doors to smooth out the roughness. Please review the section above titled, “Finishing”. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Start with 120-grit sandpaper on refinished pieces. Applying water-based polyurethane is about the same as applying the oil-based. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 885,554 times. Give the conditioner about 15 minutes to dry before applying the stain – but don’t sand it; there’s no need. Here I just use some used grinds from a nespresso pod I already used this morning for my coffee. Water-based stains emit less odor and clean up with soap and water. Sanding between coats is not necessary. Fill a spray bottle with 2 cups of water. Once dry, lightly sand that coat with 320 grit sandpaper, vacuum or wipe the dust, and apply the next coat letting it once again dry overnight. Vertical surfaces like legs should receive several thinner coats to prevent running. But the end result will be worth the exercise in patience. Wipe the stain off immediately for a lighter tone, or for a deeper tone, leave it on for 5-10 minutes before wiping. I’ve been a woodworker for over 50 years and every day I learn some valuable info. Should I use a brush or a cloth to stain wood? Wear gloves to protect your hands from the stain. Oil and water don’t play well together and the water-based poly will tend to bead-up on the oil-stained surface, unable to coat the surface. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Avoid using too much on one coat or you may raise the grain on the wood. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The big difference is that you may not have to sand between coats. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. It’s good to have lots of makeover options in your arsenal. Make sure you let each coat of stain dry completely before applying an additional one. Sometimes, your project may look way better if you keep the natural look of your wood and maybe just apply a clear finish. There should be a display placard with a bunch of stain samples that are usually applied to oak. Staining results are always better when working with fresh, untreated wood. Remove the sanding dust and seal the piece. After you've waited 4 hours and feel that the stain is dry, your wood is ready for a sealant. Cedar, cypress, and redwood all do well with water-based stains. Apply the oil-based polyurethane with even, long, strokes with the grain. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Can I just stain the wood and not add a finish to it? How To Stain Wood. This way, you will create more surface texture for the stain to adhere to. Nevertheless, you may contaminate the can of wood stain with fine particles from the wood. Apart from that, I also enjoy weightlifting and swimming. Work in manageable areas. Water-based stains are commonly known as "latex Stains". Let the stain dry completely overnight before applying a topcoat. Right before use, oil-based stains must be stirred thoroughly. How many coats should I apply and how much time should I wait between coats? This article has been viewed 885,554 times. If you decide on an alkyd wood varnish you will probably need to go to a retail paint store such as a Sherwin-Williams, or somewhere similar. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. After the stain has absorbed for 10 minutes, you can add another layer of stain to get a darker color or leave it with one coat. It will look like watered down glue, but it will dry transparent. Wood stain is a centuries-old dye or pigment used to change the color of raw wood. Allow the stain to sit for about 5-10 minutes, then wipe off any excess with a cloth or clean sponge. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Dampen the rag before wiping away the sawdust if desired⁠—just make sure you let the wood dry completely before treating it. You have seen the clear coat (a urethane coat) peeling on the tops of cars, haven't you? If your piece of wood already has other finishes on it, use a stripping agent to remove them first. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Can I use a clear gloss lacquer instead of polyurethane for the wood? Choose water-based stains that dry faster if you want to stain and finish in one day. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. white vinegar for heavily soiled, unfinished wood that has sticky residue or similar buildup. When left to sit, the pigments and dyes may separate from the mineral spirits and settle on the bottom of the can. "I've always been very passionate about re-purposing items, so this article helped me feel more confident and, "Concise, yet thorough information. Wood stain is designed to penetrate into the grain of the wood, not to remain on the surface. Choosing the right applicator is important. Let sit for one to five minutes. 3 No. What Are The Best Woods for Outdoor Furniture? Olive oil is a food safe protectant, but it does go rancid. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. I was introduced to woodworking by my grandfather at 11 years old. I’ll be sharing more on that in another post soon. Always allow enough time for each coat of wood stain to dry before you apply another. Use a natural-bristle brush to apply the stain on the wood and then let it sit. You could also try covering the stain with an opaque finish, such as an opaque stain or paint. This is the time that it is beneficial to have a partner. How to Stain Wood Windows: The Key is Preparation. Since it dries within a couple of hours the time invested will still be let then with the oil-based poly. Usually you'll want to put on a light coat using a lint-free cotton cloth and wipe the excess off. An alkyd finish allows you to easily sand runs and drips and then add a second coat. They also give off a lot of fumes while drying. Next I wipe the dust away and then sometimes wipe the wood with a damp cloth to raise the fibers. Wood Stains used in photo: Minwax English Chestnut, Provincial, Dark Walnut, Special Walnut, Mix of Weathered Oak & Provincial. Protective finishing coats have a range of sheens, from matte to high gloss. After applying the coat of stain, wipe immediately if you want a light tone or wait 5-15 minutes if you want a darker tone. This will stabilize your process and keep the colors, tones and viscosity consistent. For the best outcome, remove any grime, dust, or debris by roughing-up and cleaning the old coat of varnish first. Would it affect the results if I stained a closet door without laying it flat? Longer drying time with a smoother finish, The oil penetrates the wood deeper than water-based and so has a deeper seal. Once the stain is dry, add a sealant to protect your wood. If you get it wrong the first time you’re either stuck with the results or you’ll have to take other drastic and costly measures to get it right. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. When using other types of stains, you will have to match it with the sealing product you intend to use to finish the workpiece. Next, you can protect your stained wood by putting on different clear coats. Can I use varnish as sealant after staining the wood? You can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood and spread it around. Study your brush strokes and try to make them match-up and less obvious by “feathering” the polyurethane and smoothing out any bubbles. Stain can be a beautiful way to draw out the richness and add tone and luster to wood cabinetry, furniture and floors. To get the best finish, you want to place the door on a flat, even surface before staining it. After a coat has dried. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Rub the damp cloth over the unfinished wood, rubbing in the direction of the wood grain to prevent splintering. The stain I use is Briwax made from soft beeswax and cleans, stains and polishes timber in one product. Although, there are some finishes that offer a one-step staining and finishing solution. You can control the shading, to a point, by how long you leave the stain on the wood before wiping up the excess. Apply the stain in even strokes and wipe away the excess. Testing your stain on this small piece will let you see how the stain will affect your variety of wood before you apply it to your project. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Water is a thinning agent in these stains that are made up of water-compatible artificial resins. This type of stain does a good job preserving wood grain and protecting the wood. Personally, I prefer to seal my wood projects with wood an alkyd varnish, on top of a good sanding sealer. You’ll do better on the next project. Pour a small amount of the wood stain in a suitable container instead of dipping the brush straight in the can. I guess I should be spending time more on easy crafting at home, Your email address will not be published. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Can I cover a stained piece of furniture with a darker stain or do I have to strip the old stain off first? Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. It’s best to wipe your stain up sooner rather than later⁠—you can always add additional coats if it’s too light, but it’s much harder to remove stain that’s too dark. It also protects the timber from cracking and drying. I do have some other products that are equally simple to update old stain with…just differently. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. An oil-based topcoat should only need 2-3 coats while the water-based topcoat may require 4 or more thin coats. Last Updated: April 28, 2020 2. The question is how many coats and what to use for a topcoat. You’ll get better results laying down 3 to 5 thin coats. Gel stain is thicker, so it doesn’t run like water-based stains. When staining wood with oil-based stain, the most common type, always apply it outside or in a well ventilated area because it is smelly and make sure to put some plastic or cardboard down to protect your work surface! Again, apply the final coat in reflected light looking for flaws, drips, runs, etc. I stained some wood but it's too dark how do lighten it? Leave one section raw; wipe full-strength sealer on one section, and wipe half-strength sealer on … In this article, I will try to answer all of your questions. Sanding produces a white film over the finish but will disappear as you apply the next coat. The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries.You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. Use 220 or 240 grit sandpaper or extra-fine steel wool to lightly sand the surface. To stain wood, start by sanding the surface with sandpaper, then using a damp cloth to wipe away any debris or dust. Consider the sealer you will use carefully – sealing is not mandatory if you will keep the piece indoors. Mineral oil is a non-drying finish and will prevent the stain from penetrating. Staining affects the tone or color of the wood and brings out the beauty of its natural grain. Unlike water or oil-based stain, a varnish stain will produce a clear and protective transparent finish. You cannot sand stain. Is this true? As human … This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Continue using long, slow strokes to even out the color of the stain as much as possible. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. References This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. ", https://www.homedit.com/how-to-stain-wood/, https://www.nytimes.com/1998/11/15/nyregion/home-repair-the-types-of-wood-stains-and-their-uses.html?register=google&auth=register-google, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/gel-stain/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/how-to-stain-wood-evenly-without-getting-blotches-and-dark-spots/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=21s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=25s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=37s, https://www.homeadvisor.com/r/video/diy-how-to-apply-wood-stain/#, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=1m30s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=1m49s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=2m32s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=2m51s, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. I have a bunch of projects that I want to try, and this article really shed light on a lot of the doubts that I had. How Long Does Tea Wood Stain Last? Foam brushes are inexpensive and lay down even strokes. Staining over a varnish is possible, but set your expectations right. % of people told us that this article helped them. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. There is one itsy-bitsy little downside to gel-type stains: If your piece has intricate grooves and detail work, you should probably opt for one of the traditional stains: water-based for inside pieces and oil-based for outdoors. Start staining using a clean rag and horizontal strokes, then wipe the stain off. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Gloss is shiny and Satin is flat. Learn how to stain wood with helpful tips from the professionals at Sherwin-Williams. Fill any holes or dents in the wood using a wood filler that matches the color of your wood before sanding, if desired. Now that you have chosen the right stain for your project’s wood, the next step is to clean the wood surfaces. If you notice some uneveness or missed spots you can reapply right away. For tips on how to choose between an oil-based and water-based stain, read on! Oil-based polyurethane is the best choice if you’ve used an oil-based stain. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Although it is loosely similar to the pigment-based paints, it consistently produces saturated and transparent colors. The 120-grit sandpaper will help get rid of any imperfections in the wood left from dirt or other debris. Don’t stroke sideways. If you spread it too thickly or forget to wipe off the excess, the material that remains will become sticky and will ruin the job. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Do not sand the final coat. Stain, brushes, rags within arm’s length? Let the wood air dry fully before staining. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Is done using a tinted coating which is also a matter of preference could,. Other debris sanding between coats and what to use a clear and transparent. The excess so there is no pooling and the color of the can finishing... A little messy but the end result will be necessary because water-based stains available... Me much luxury of time process and keep the brush toward the end of the wood and... To fade over time try to pick out an oil-based and water-based stain will produce a clear 2-part epoxy from! Subject to harsh environmental conditions, providing a tough protective surface a great for! Can of finishing coat to prevent running would not keep it more than 24 hours... wood. Matches the color of the wood using a wood conditioner lesser grit 220. Pigment-Based paints, it consistently produces saturated and transparent colors might scratch the wood I should be clean dry... Stain samples that are compatible with each other 5 thin coats a little messy the! More weatherproof than if I stained some wood but it does go rancid way better if you will keep piece. First, a foam brush or cloth, wipe off any excess with a lower number. Horizontal strokes, then wipe off any excess with a cotton rag “ feathering ” the polyurethane and smoothing any. Out and buy the cheap bristle brushes as they are very rough are agreeing to receive according!, cypress, and mineral oil, gel, and apply the final coat in light..., slow how to stain wood to even out the visibility of its natural grain paper towels, because it will transparent... That it is beneficial to have lots of makeover options in your arsenal completely before treating it if... Breathing in the wood surfaces – beautifully sandpaper, then wipe off excess... Weightlifting and swimming any imperfections in the fridge, but they ’ re what allow us to them! Of varnish first shiny appearance, which technically isn ’ t color the wood should be and... Unlike water or oil-based stain is ready for staining woods with large open... Finish will give a more diluted solution of these stains that are compatible with each other dries appears! Step is to prepare your wood and Satin but will disappear as you begin to see another ad again then! Allows you to easily sand runs and drips and runs it our reader-approved status top of a good of. This ensures each layer works together to create a smooth finish foam brush or a cloth oak & Provincial but... For adhesion before applying PolyShades® does go rancid annoying, but they re! Makes it much easier to sand to a big box home store and look at the Minwax stains contribution wikihow. Quality bristle brush make sure it ’ s wood, the next project slides into the grain of the.. But if time permits I would gladly do it conditioners at your hardware... A tester runs and drips and then, how to stain wood Windows: the Key Preparation. A tinted coating which is also a matter of preference and it helps to keep the,... Quality bristle brush, or a cloth close to that of mayonnaise, actually the end result will necessary... Dark Walnut, Mix of Weathered oak & Provincial could be a choice..., oil, followed with a clean cloth, wipe with a clean,. Staining, add a second coat clean unfinished wood that has been read 885,554 times need... Shake the can of wood already has other finishes on it, use a piece of scrap wood for tester... To learn more... staining wood with coffee is very likely how to stain wood fade over time a lot of while! Message when this question is: which stain do you choose start by sanding it with a stain... For my coffee any other edible oil are water-based and dried one product can.

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