This distinction is often lost, and both are often called recoilless rifles.[2]. This design was of a gun which fired projectiles in opposite directions, but there is no evidence any physical firearm based on the design was constructed at the time. His design, named the Davis gun, connected two guns back-to-back, with the backwards-facing gun loaded with lead balls and grease of the same weight as the shell in the other gun. This allows for the elimination of much of the heavy and bulky recoil-counteracting equipment of a conventional cannon as well as a thinner-walled barrel, and thus the launch of a relatively large projectile from a platform that would not be capable of handling the weight or recoil of a conventional gun of the same size. It was designed in 1964 by Hugo Abramson to fill the role of a squad anti-tank weapon. Smoothbore variants are recoilless guns. First introduced in 1948 and exported extensively since 1964, it is still in widespread use throughout the world today: a huge selection of special-purpose rounds are available for the system, and the current variant, known as the M4 or M3E1, is designed to be compatible with computerized optics and future "smart" ammunition. The man-portable, multi-role weapon system allows dismounted soldiers to deal with multiple challenges on the modern battlefield. [3] This design was of a gun which fired projectiles in opposite directions, but there is no evidence any physical firearm based on the design was constructed at the time. None of these systems proceeded beyond the prototype stage.[4]. For the inscription, see, Shapur I's inscription at the Ka'ba-ye Zartosht, "United States Military Artillery for Avalanche Control Program:A Brief History in Time", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Recoilless_rifle&oldid=995890328, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 12:45. Recoilless rifles: lt;p|>| A |recoilless rifle| (|RCLR|) or |recoilless gun| is a type of lightweight tube |artiller... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Smaller caliber recoilless rifles aren’t used because modern armies have 37-40 millimeter grenade launchers which are smaller, lighter, capable of firing similarly sized explosive payloads, and less hazardous to the user and their allies. The first recoilless gun to enter service in Germany was the 7.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40 ("light gun" '40), a simple 75 mm smoothbore recoilless gun developed to give German airborne troops artillery and anti-tank support that could be parachuted into battle. M64 recoilless Gun, part of the M29 Davy Crockett A recoilless gun or rifle is a lightweight weapon that fires a heavier projectile that would be impractical to fire from a recoiling weapon of comparable size. The largest versions retain enough bulk and recoil to be restricted to a towed mount or relatively heavy vehicle, but are still much lighter and more portable than cannon of the same scale. This is a list of recoilless rifles (RCLs) intended to catalogue these lightweight infantry support weapons that allow the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling artillery gun. Barrett M82A1; a modern .50" calibre rifle, with M16 for scale (Courtesy: MoD Pattern Room) The smoothbore variants (those devoid of rifling) are termed recoilless guns. This system would form the basis of the much more successful Carl Gustav recoilless rifle postwar. Postwar work developed and deployed the BAT (Battalion, Anti Tank) series of recoilless rifles, culminating in the 120 mm L6 WOMBAT. The 75 was found to be so useful during the invasion of Crete" On top of the mount is a traverse wheel. Start This article has been rated as Start-Class on the project's quality scale. Recoilless weapons with rifled tubes are called "Recoilless Rifles", while those with smooth bores are called "Recoilless Guns". The spotting rifle fires a round that flies like the 106 mm round and gives off a puff of smoke on impact with the target. In 1970 the Ontos was removed from service and most were broken up. At longer ranges, it is easier to hit tanks with the M18 because of its low sway relative to the M9A1 and M1A1. The original WWII "Panzerfaust" was a primitive recoilless gun, but the propellant charge was attached to the back end of a projectile more like that of our 2.36in "Bazooka"- … ftglgj. Burney demonstrated the technique with a recoilless 4-gauge shotgun. All are found quite commonly around the world in the inventories of former Soviet client states, where they are usually used as anti-tank guns. The term "Recoilless Weapon" is also used as a catch-all that includes rocket launchers, though in the context of this introduction, it will be used from here onward only for recoilless rifles … On the left hand side, there is an elevating wheel, in the centre of which is the trigger wheel used to fine adjust the elevation and at the same time firing the spotting rifle when pulled, and the gun when pushed. The rocket launcher solves this in a way that maintains accuracy and distance more than a recoilless rifle by having the projectile propel itself, thus alleviating the recoil from the person almost entirely. The M2 Carl Gustav is a Swedish made, multi-role, recoilless, 84mm, anti-tank rifle. While there are rocket-assisted rounds for recoilless weapons, they are still ejected from the barrel by the deflagration of a conventional propelling charge. Modern shoulder fired rifles use muzzle brakes to direct gas back towards the shooter, canceling some of the total recoil. The recoilless gun received its name from its inherent design where some of the produced propellant gasses were exited from the rear of the weapon, reducing some of the recoil effect. The most common system involves venting some portion of the weapon's propellant gas to the rear of the tube, in the same fashion as a rocket launcher. The recoilless concept is used in the U.S. Army M40AD 106 -mm recoilless rifle that allows propellant gases to escape through a perforated chamber … A recoilless rifle is an artillery piece and fires a shell, not a rocket. The Recoilless Gun is the Maya unique Heavy Infantry of the Modern Age that replaces the standard Bazooka. Camp Radcliff (746 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to … The shell is specially designed with an overlarge charge and a frangible base. Recoilless-rifle-40mm-batey-haosef-1.jpg 1,282 × 667; 81 KB San Andres de Giles - panoramio.jpg 2,560 × 1,920; 1.34 MB Secretary of the Navy John Chafee Examines an Enemy Weapon, 1969 (11950575763).jpg 1,355 × 2,289; 232 KB The Carl-Gustaf® weapon is an unparalleled and supremely successful solution to the challenges faced by ground forces. "The first recoilless rifle [gun] to enter service in Germany was the 7.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40 ("light gun" '40), a simple 75 mm smoothbore recoilless gun developed to give German airborne troops some useful artillery and anti-tank support that could be parachuted into battle. The first recoilless gun known to have actually been constructed was developed by Commander Cleland Davis of the US Navy, just prior to World War I. His idea was used experimentally by the British as an anti-Zeppelin and anti-submarine weapon mounted on a Handley Page O/100 bomber and intended to be installed on other aircraft. This creates a forward directed momentum which is nearly equal to the rearward momentum (recoil) imparted to the system by accelerating the projectile. Recoilless gun launch systems are often used to provide the initial thrust for man-portable weapons firing rocket-powered projectiles: examples include the RPG-7, Panzerfaust 3 and MATADOR. 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