in journalism. Grass is essential, and it holds a lot of symbolic lessons for us. There are many grasslike members of other flowering plant families, but only the approximately 10,000 species in the family Poaceae are true From: Like honesty and hard work, the Scotts® Reel Mower is an American classic. (1822-1903), a.k.a. Good question! 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. This is how many square feet the package would cover if you were reseeding, or spreading grass seed across all or most of your existing lawn. While sheep were still grazed on many such park-lands, landowners increasingly depended on human labor to tend the grass closest to their homes. If all of those items were removed save the first, grass, it would still be recognizable as a park. Give a Gift. A Fungus-Like Disease Threatens Europe’s Supply of Gin The first courses in North America were established in Montreal in 1873 and Quebec in 1875, while the first American golf course was built in 1888 in New York. It only acquired its weed status because the earliest broad-leaf 2,4-D herbicides killed it off along with the dandelions. Smithsonian Institution. Findings of grass-like phytoliths in Cretaceous dinosaur coprolites from the latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) aged Lameta Formation of India have pushed this date back to 66 million years ago. This helps the grass get established before intense summer heat and before cooler fall and winter temperatures when growth is slow. The affected regions could not recover before … Lawn bowling, or bowls, once popular in both England and Scotland, received a major set-back in England when various kings from the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries prohibited commoners from playing it. 2.1. (Northern England, Ireland) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠as], [ɡɹ̠æs… Once the stump has been turned into a pile of sawdust, resist the urge to rake it out into the grass to create a level surface for new grass seed. These numbers point to the second factor giving lawns a boost in the ’50s: the need for inexpensive housing to accommodate returning GIs and their young families. Olmstead not only popularized the use of meadows in public parks, but also designed suburbs in which each residential home sported a lawn. Horticultural Vinegar is inexpensive and environmentally safe — perfect for organic gardening! British saying which means to inform the authorities about someone's misdeeds The soil needs to be very well prepared before sowing grass seeds. Grass definition: Grass is a very common plant consisting of large numbers of thin, spiky , green leaves... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Some of those seeds, like the seeds of many other European native plants, were carried here with great care; others arrived on coat hems, or rolled in bundles of bedding or crates of imported goods, or on the rope used to tie such crates and bundles. Grass normally gets water from the roots, which are located in the ground. Keeps your yard looking good through the ups and downs that each year brings. With more than 9,000 known species, this family is one of the largest on Earth. with quick-snap height adjusters. It will withstand drought. Rhymes: -ɑːs 3. enPR: grăs, IPA(key): /ɡɹæs/ 3.1. Before grass existed, its niche was filled by smaller vascular plants that lacked the characteristic blades or siliceous tissue of grasses. Some people spend years perfecting their lawns and getting them to look just right. A lawn mower (also known as mower, grass cutter or lawnmower) is a machine utilizing one or more revolving blades to cut a grass surface to an even height. What Kills Grass Fast?. Family moving into their new home in Levittown, NY. Pelleted for easy application. With the help of a fossil dug up in Saudi Arabia scientists finally figured out what the giant creature was: a fungus. Some of these seem obvious: industrialization, in the form of the lawn mower, is one, while the growth of suburbs is another. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠äːs], [ɡɹ̠ɐːs] 2. The towering fungus spires would have stood out against a landscape scarce of such giants, said New Scientist in 2007. “A 6-metre fungus would be odd enough in … A SAFE alternative to RoundUp® that's trusted by cities and municipalities. Contains 20% acetic acid and includes yucca extract to work fast -- within a few hours! From around 420 to 350 million years ago, when land plants were still the relatively new kids on the evolutionary block and “the tallest trees stood just a few feet high,” giant spires of life poked from the Earth. This is a pretty interesting pattern and does seem to suggest global climatic reasons for their later ecological spread rather than a co-evolution with grazers that used to be the favorite theory. Some of the earliest lawns were the grasslands around medieval castles in France and Britain, kept clear of trees so guards had an unobstructed view of approaching, perhaps hostile, visitors. When the four model homes went on display at the second planned community, in New Jersey, thirty thousand people went through them the first weekend. Where England is (or was) a land of forests (remember Sherwood, where Robin Hood & Co. hung out? The term also referred to the village “commons”, the meadows shared or held “in common” where villagers could graze their sheep and cattle. Brown ;) Seriously though, grasses are an extremely diverse group of plants that have evolved relatively recently. The dead grass will naturally decompose and add nutrients to the soil. Think on it, if we didn't have grass in crucial area, we have erosion, mudslides, deterioration. Eventually lawns migrated from the civic center into North America’s backyards. In those early days the lawn was still a rural phenomenon, and one confined to the upper classes. The game also got off to a promising start in what became the U.S. (bowling greens were cultivated in Virginia and in Boston before 1650), but after the Revolutionary War the new young country tossed the baby with the bathwater, spurning bowls as it did all things British. Even though grass is everywhere, there are still ways to avoid grass pollen. “Grass,” specifically, is a term for the plant family Gramineae, which encompasses over 9000 different species of plants. In Canada, which negotiated a peaceful independence from Britain in 1867, bowls remained popular — and of course it required large, flat stretches of closely mown grass. That went to Canada’s forty-six year-old George S. Lyon, who took his victory lap, down the length of the clubhouse, on his hands. These were soldiers, trained in neatness and obedience, and these were the conformist fifties, when everyone was on the watch for signs of Communism and crabgrass. Closely shorn grass lawns first emerged in 17th century England at the homes of large, wealthy landowners. In the mid 19th century, as cities grew and became increasingly industrialized, city beautification campaigns became common, and the “park” was born. The grass tree Xanthorrhoea is a uniquely Australian plant, which epitomises the Australian landscape and is as tough as goats' knees. Having fled the factories, however, new homeowners turned to them for help in taming their miniature Edens, buying mechanical lawn-mowers in increasing numbers. Moisten the soil 4 to 6 inches deep since this will not only provide nourishment to seeds but also protection from wind. Now it took on a new meaning in democratic America and became a public area characterized by landscaped lawns, trees, shrubbery, and water (fountains, streams, ponds, and lakes) — all features lifted from British estate grounds. Insulation Made Out of … Mushrooms? But despite the fossil records, no one could figure out what the heck these giant spires were. There were still extremely large stretches of forest over the regions of earth that received abundant rainfall. There is no need to remove the dead grass—just dig it in along with whatever amendments and extra soil you have added. Several wildly diverse forces combined to make lawns popular, then common, in North America. He has a B.Sc. These three post-war developments do much to explain where the standards for lawns come from. This powerful, quick-release concentrate builds healthy soil and thick green turf! Redefined and democratized, the park became ubiquitous in North America. While the lawn started as a sign of upper-class British wealth, it became a symbol of the middle-class American dream: a home of one’s own, surrounded by green, green grass. He blogs for Smart News and contributes to the American Geophysical Union. While sheep were still grazed on many such park-lands, landowners increasingly depended on human labor to tend the grass closest to their homes. The Middle English word launde originally referred to a glade or opening in the woods, but later designated artificial stretches of land that resembled such glades. It’s a bit of a misconception though. Between 1910 and 1924, the U.S. Fossil dung reveals dinosaurs did graze grass Grass emerged around the Cretaceous, which coincided with a lot of larger and more diverse dinosaurs than before. Here, as in Europe, at first only the wealthy had the time or money to cultivate a well-manicured lawn that was purely decorative. Dew is liquid water droplets that form on grass, spider webs, and other things in the early morning or late evening. So great was the success of the first-ever artificial grass installation, in fact, that the material earned a brand-new name right there and then, inspired by the team that had first taken a chance on it: from that point forward, it would be known as Astroturf, a name used to describe it … The pursuit of perfection was on. Out of these developments came the possibility of the weed-free lawn. “A 6-metre fungus would be odd enough in the modern world, but at least we are used to trees quite a bit bigger,” says Boyce. Contains only SAFE and NATURAL ingredients -- NO manures or chemicals! It makes sense, then, that golf and lawn bowling, both of them dependent on lush, shorn grasslands, were both developed in their modern forms in Scotland. Golf Association (USGA) helped fund and carry out research in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Agriculture about the best ways to cultivate grass. The development and mass-production of lawn mowers made possible the development and mass-production of lawns, providing an affordable alternative to a fleet of servants, and a practical alternative to a herd of sheep or goats (see The History Of The American Lawnmower). Learn more. Cutting up to one-third of the grass length at a time is a healthy strategy to maintain a vigorously growing lawn. Grass - Idioms by The Free Dictionary ... if there's grass on the field, play ball; if there's grass on the pitch, play ball; kick (something) into the long grass; kick something into the long grass; Anyone who has driven across the United States or southern Canada knows that even the smallest town has its park: a block or two devoted to grass, trees, a sandbox and swing set, a few benches, a picnic table, and a water fountain. 1. enPR: gräs, IPA(key): /ɡɹɑːs/ 1.1. Clover, which takes nitrogen from the air and deposits it in the earth where your grass can use it, was an accepted, even encouraged part of lawns until the early fifties. There were four waves of droughts, one right after another. Avoid seeding before heavy rain as this will wash away the seeds. What? Reportedly the first experimental turf farm in the U.S. resided where the Pentagon sits today. If you need to kill and remove grass instead, you probably want a faster time frame. These hooved lawn mowers kept the grass cropped, fertilizing as they grazed. Almost in lock-step with those two sociological events, science and technology produced a whole train of inventions: the rotary lawn mower, effective (if not safe) pesticides, the first weed-free grass seeds, combined fertilizers and pesticides (early Weed and Feed products), and spreaders to make their application so easy it was child’s play. There are usually 2 coverage numbers listed on a grass seed package: 1: Reseeding (Overseeding) Rate: The higher of the two coverage numbers is typically what's called the Overseeding Rate. The outfield remained painted dirt until after the All-Star Break. That all changed in 2007 when a study came out that concluded the spires were a fungus, like a gigantic early mushroom. What does grass expression mean? The importance of a neat, weed-free, closely-shorn lawn was promoted intensely in the newsletters that went out to all homeowners in these subdivisions, along with lawn-care advice on how to reach this ideal. Easy to apply formula works on contact, yet is completely safe around children and pets! The Fungus in Your Cheese Is Having Weird Sex (There’s a moral here, something about the close link between the exclusive and the extinct.) Those Games provide one of the best underdog stories ever, for while the U.S. did win the team gold, even their young and powerful stars, cousins Chandler and Walter Egan, could not capture the individual gold. A common kind of grass is used to cover the ground in a lawn and other places. Before 2005, fossil findings indicated that grasses evolved around 55 million years ago. Since then the lawn has become a fixture of both American and Canadian suburbs and of the American imagination. To understand how three or four specific communities could have national impact, it helps to know something about their scale. Each 18 lb bag covers 2,000 square feet and last up to 3 months after application. “And it’s so damn big that when whenever someone says it’ssomething, everyone else’s hackles get up: ‘How could you have a lichen 20 feet tall?’”. Levittown, New York, originally planned at two thousand homes, eventually had six thousand. ), Scotland is primarily a country of open grassland, having been denuded of its somewhat stunted trees centuries back. (US, Canada) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠æs], [ɡɹ̠ɛəs], [ɡɹ̠eəs] 3.2. See more. A new weapon in the war against weeds! Rain or shine, there's always a chance of waking up to a wet lawn if the weather conditions are just right. In warmer climates like Florida, the ideal time to establish this grass is spring to early summer. If you haven't already leveled out the stump area, start there. No one’s questioning the spires’ existence—people just have trouble trying to imagine that such a huge structure could be a fungus. Both of these ground covers make excellent alternatives to grass in modern lawns. Made from cinnamon bark, AgraLawn® Organic Crabgrass Killer is an all-natural herbicide used as a spot-treatment to control crabgrass, basket grass, chickweed, clover and other similar weeds. Both of these ground covers make excellent alternatives to grass in modern lawns. In the 16th Century Renaissance, lawns were deliberately cultivated by the wealthy in both France and England, though they were more likely planted with chamomile or thyme than with grass. Olmstead not only popularized the use of meadows in public parks, but also designed suburbs in which each residential home sported a lawn.FREE SHIPPING!Scotts ClassicProduces NO toxic fumes for the environment to absorb -- just a couple of footprints!$144.95Read more. The University of Chicago: For the next 130 years, debate raged. But in a follow-up study, the scientists who had proposed the fungus idea doubled down on their claim. The game took off in the United States, becoming so popular so quickly that the U.S. entered seventy players on a number of different teams in the 1904 Olympics. In the middle of the 20th century, three overlapping developments helped promote the lawn across North America. For a wonderfully readable account of this confusion and of how Levittown and the fifties promoted the lawn in America, see American Green, by Ted Steinberg. grass phrase. Grass is the common name for the Gramineae family of plants. For example, there is the crown of the grass which is at the very bottom, and comes from the roots, then there is the blade which is the most visible part of the grass itself. What is Grass? It is difficult enough to imagine a time, roughly 13.7 billion years ago, when the entire universe existed as a singularity.According to the Big Bang theory, one of the main contenders vying to explain how the universe came to be, all the matter in the cosmos -- all of space itself -- existed in a form smaller than a subatomic particle [source: Wall]. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. How to use grass in a sentence. Nowadays Arabia is a fierce desert, but it was once densely vegetated, and could have been a … Photo: TIME magazine. when land plants were still the relatively new kids on the evolutionary block, With the help of a fossil dug up in Saudi Arabia, they were first discovered by a Canadian in 1859, a study came out that concluded the spires were a fungus, Researchers trying to refute the fungus idea, the scientists who had proposed the fungus idea doubled down on their claim, A Fungus-Like Disease Threatens Europe’s Supply of Gin, The Fungus in Your Cheese Is Having Weird Sex, Ancient European Hunters Carved Human Bones Into Weapons, From Baked Dormouse to Carbonized Bread, 300 Artifacts Show What Romans Ate, Researchers Unearth Ritual Bath Dated to Jesus's Time Near Garden of Gethsemane, Why We Should Bring Back the Tradition of the Christmas Orange, Meet the 'Detectives' Documenting New Jersey's Overlooked Black History, With Lightning Speed and Agility, Germany's Ar 234 Blitz Jet Bomber Was a Success That Ultimately Failed, The True Story of "The Greatest Showman on Earth", What the Pandemic Christmas of 1918 Looked Like, Five Things to Know About Queen Charlotte, The Inspiring Quest to Revive the Hawaiian Language, The New Science of Our Ancient Bond With Dogs, Why Seagrass Could Be the Ocean's Secret Weapon Against Climate Change. Dew only forms under certain conditions. Grass is a monocotyledon plant, herbaceous plants with narrow leaves growing from the base. Will NOT harm people, pets or wildlife! Cutting height 1- to 3-in. Contains 20% acetic acid and includes yucca extract — a natural surfactant and penetrating agent. The largest organism on Earth, says ABC, is still a huge fungal mat, a single organism spread over 2,200 acres of forest in eastern Oregon. Arabia was once a lush paradise of grass and woodlands. Lawns also became more popular as homeowners sought an antidote to rapid industrialization. Once the grass area has turned brown and brittle (it may take a week or so), it is dead and ready for you to add amendments to the area and dig them in. WhatWasThere ties historical photos to Google Maps, allowing you to tour familiar streets to see how they appeared in the past. Advertising Notice Levittown: Documents of an Ideal American Suburb. Stump grinding is an effective solution because it reaches below the soil line to pulverize as much of the stump and its roots as possible. (We think.). Privacy Statement Dirty Britain Before the grass has thickened on the roadside verges and leaves have started growing on the trees is a perfect time to look around and see just how dirty Britain has become. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. But if you wanted to blame someone for lawns, it appears you could blame the Scots. Before lawnmowers, only the rich could afford to hire the many hands needed to scythe and weed the grass, so a lawn was a mark of wealth and status. The towering fungus spires would have stood out against a landscape scarce of such giants, said New Scientist in 2007. A key figure in this movement was. By the late 17th century, grass lawns, with the grass cut close to the ground, started popping up on the grounds of the wealthy, such as at the famed Versailles gardens in France where “green carpet” (tapis vert) was included in André Le Nôtre’s landscape design. Lawn Care Guru, The lawn appears to be a European invention, which makes ecological sense because the moist, mild, climate of Europe supported open, close-cut grasslands. So science is messy, and despite more than a century of digging, we still don’t really know, for sure, what these huge spires that dominated the ancient Earth really were. Use to prevent crabgrass, dandelions and more! Definition of grass in the Idioms Dictionary. This term had originally referred to the acres of lawn with their carefully tended trees around wealthy English homes. the American father of landscape architecture, who planned New York City’s Central Park in the 1850s, as well as parks in Boston, Montreal, and elsewhere. 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