Most seedling pests can be controlled organically with insecticidal soap. I started my eggplant seeds at the same time as my tomato seeds (Jan 19) under identical conditions for both the tomato and eggplant seeds. Although eggplant seeds are tiny, sow the seeds about ¼-inch (6 mm.) Native to Asia, this tender annual requires full sun, well-draining, slightly acidic, fertile soil and a long growing season. To increase the yield, vegetable seeds are soaked in solutions from a couple of minutes to several days. You can grow directly on the ground or even in a raised bed. In the cooler spring climates, the plants must be started indoors. If you want to grow eggplant (Solanum melongena), you must accept that the vegetable is finicky -- about its moisture, its food and, especially, its climate. A heavy feeder, eggplant favors rich soil, made porous by adding compost to promote speedy growth and good drainage. Harden off the seedlings carefully by gradually reducing ambient temps and easing off on watering. When planting in an established garden, the eggplant should be planted in a section not following a season from tomato, potato, or pepper plantings. So how to grow eggplant from seeds? Set seedlings about 18 inches apart in rows, with each row about 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart. Soil temperature on sunny days may measure 10 or more degrees higher inside black pots than the soil temperature of nearby in-ground planting sites. If not should I buy seedlings closer to planting time to save the season. Temperatures between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit suit eggplant best. Wait to plant eggplant (either by starting seeds or seedlings) until the soil temperatures are higher than 50 degrees F (10 C), and all danger of frost has passed. in journalism and an M.A.in English, both from the University of North Texas. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Chemicals are better suited to stimulate growth, and natural substances are better suited for disinfection. You can also use an organic mulch to retain moisture, but don’t apply it until the soil is warm. Do eggplants keep producing? For regions with short summers, early varieties are chosen, the fruits of which will have time to ripen by the end of the season. When starting your eggplant seeds indoors, be sure you have an area to germinate them that is quite warm, 80-90 F. (26-32 C.). Because eggplant seeds can be difficult to germinate, many gardeners opt to purchase seedlings at a nursery. In the low desert of Arizona, the best time to plant eggplant … Eggplant seeds germinate at temps between 60-95 degrees F. (15-35 C.) and seedlings will emerge in seven to 10 days. The soil for eggplants is prepared in advance, even in the fall. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Growing eggplants prefer soil with a pH between 5.5 to 6.5. Each eggplant you grow needs at least 12 to 14 inches of space, or three plants can grow together in a 20-inch container. Cool temperatures will weaken the plants, and frost will kill them. Gardeners in cooler climates may fare better by growing eggplant in large, dark-colored containers. Although the plant does not like humidity or wet conditions, keep the soil evenly moist. "Florida Market" and "Louisiana Long Green" are standards in the South. My Eggplants Are Drooping & Dying - What Can I Do? Set eggplant seedlings out in the garden so that the shoots are at the soil line as they were before transplanting. Why Are My Cucumbers Not Long & Straight? Eggplants like it hot! Generally, treat eggplant like its relative, the tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). To increase the yield, vegetable seeds are soaked in solutions from a couple of minutes to several days. Water and keep them in a warm and bright place in your home. When they have their first set of … They can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Water eggplant regularly to encourage strong, healthy growth and ensure the fruit does not become bitter. Check with your county extension agent to find eggplant varieties that thrive in your garden. That will be really disappointing. Bushes. Lightweight fabric row covers can also be used when cold spells come, but open the row cover ends on warm days to allow pollinating bees to reach the flowers. Varieties ideal for a Mediterranean-like climate include the popular "Black Beauty," "Epic," "Imperial," the small, white "Easter Egg" and Asian hybrids, such as "Ichiban," "Tycoon" and the pink "Ping Tung.". Wait for warmer temperatures; you may have to replant, depending on the variety. For sowing, use the material of the … When growing with eggplant seeds instead of nursery starts, the seeds will remain viable for about four years. Geraniums can host diseases that also affect eggplant such as leaf blight and root rot, so it is best to avoid planting them with eggplant. Chemicals are better suited to stimulate growth, and natural substances are better suited for disinfection. 2. Seed preparation. Because eggplant seeds can be difficult to germinate, many gardeners opt to purchase seedlings at a nursery. Mary Simpson began her writing career in 1968 on a Dallas oil magazine. Eggplants are a heat-loving vegetable in the Solanaceae family that require two or more months of night temperatures around 70 degrees F. (21 C.) for optimal fruit production. The plant is powerful, has excellent productivity and resistance to various negative environmental conditions. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October Eggplant varieties differ in size, shape, color, and maturation time. If you plant seedlings started by another grower, select plants 6 to 8 weeks old; usually in a 4-inch (10 cm) pot. Eggplants require a long, warm growing season, as they’re sensitive to cool climates and are extremely sensitive to any frost and light freezing. Not only predecessors are important, but the quality of the soil itself. As soon as seedlings emerge, provide plenty of light on a sunny windowsill or grow seedlings 3-4 inches beneath fluorescent plant lights turned on 16 hours per day, off for 8 hours at night. Once your eggplant seedlings are ready to move outdoors, choose a full sun area with a soil pH of 5.5 to 7.0 (acidic to neutral). For regions with short summers, early varieties are chosen, the fruits of which will have time to ripen by the end of the season. You could also buy premium eggplant seeds through here. You should also avoid heavy feeding plants that will compete with eggplant for nutrients. Aphids and root node nematodes can each stunt the growth of an eggplant seedling. Companion planting with marigolds repels root node nematodes. There’s no particular eggplant seed preparation necessary prior to sowing. Sow one seed per seedling pot about ¼” deep. Besides reporting and editing for several small Texas newspapers, Simpson has written for "Petroleum Engineer Magazine," "Denton Today Magazine" and put out an employee newsletter for a FEMA facility. To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. To reduce the risk of disease, eggplant crops should be rotated every few years and it does well following beans or peas. Seed preparation. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/eggplant-seedlings-stop-growing-84999.html Transplants should be set about 18-24 inches (46-61 cm.) Try growing eggplants in … Fennel inhibits growth in many plants, including eggplant. Assuming that the initial stunting can be cured . Grow eggplant in full sun, where other members of the nightshade family, such as tomatoes, peppers or potatoes, have not grown recently. Assuming that the initial stunting can be cured . Temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit stop eggplant growth. When starting eggplant seeds indoors, a heat mat is a must to warm the soil to encourage germination. For sowing, use the material of the … apart in rows 30-36 inches (76-91 cm.) To start eggplant seedlings, you’ll want to plant the seeds between 8 to 10 weeks before you plan to transplant them outside. Your eggplant may be dehydrated from lack of water, or the blossoms may not have been pollinated. The first eggplant seeds germinated on Jan 23 and the last came up on Feb 4. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination when eggplant seed planting indoors. Let the seeds sit overnight, then drain the water. Eggplant seed planting should occur four to six weeks before your last frost date. 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Transplant eggplant seedlings into the garden when the soil is at least 70℉ (the best way to check your soil temperature is with a soil thermometer), with daytime temperatures at or above 70℉ and nighttime temperatures above 50℉.. Eggplant blossom drop can be caused by stress or lack of pollination. Poor garlic hinders many plants, including producing chemicals that wilts … Grow eggplant in full sun, where other members of the nightshade family, such as tomatoes, peppers or potatoes, have not developed recently. Hardening and processing is carried out not only before planting in open ground, but also for growing seedlings. If you want a long-lasting plant, plant with seeds. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. Epic has vigorous and powerful, moderately spreading bushes, reaching 90-100 cm in height. A row of Black beauty eggplant this year and had one plant that was bigger than the rest and produced a large amount of fruit so I let one of the fruit grow as big as it could get on the plant and then brought it in and air dried the seeds they dried well didnt shrivel and stayed light colored and so excited because it had a thousand seeds to sprout give away and trade but now im … If not should I buy seedlings closer to planting time to save the season. That will be really disappointing. Using seeds is more viable than using seedlings. QUESTION: My eggplant is producing flowers, but then they just fall off. Eggplants are planted in March. Growing eggplants in the veggie garden can be so rewarding when the time comes to harvest these tasty, versatile plants. Growing seedlings. She holds a B.A. Eggplants, with dramatic foliage and colorful fruit, are not only a great choice for a veggie garden, but an ornamental specimen as well. Eggplant, however, has a greater sensitivity to cold than the tomato does. I personally guarantee that this came from a healthy mature plant that is free from diseases. Harvest time for eggplant will be between 70-90 days from transplant date. Try growing eggplants in … Your eggplant may be dehydrated from lack of water, or the blossoms may not have been pollinated. Then, plant 1 to 2 seeds in each container and wait for the seedlings to sprout, which can take up to 2 weeks. of fertilizer to one gallon (4 l.) of water. Eggplant seeds need a warm soil for it to thrive. To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. A heavy feeder, eggplant favors rich soil, made porous by adding compost to promote speedy growth and excellent drainage. Growing eggplant requires warm garden soil and warm air temperatures for the seed to germinate (68+ degrees (F)). 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