Her forward magazine blew up and she sank within four minutes, too quickly for her to launch her boats. Born in Bishopsgate, London, on July 3, 1891, William was the son of Jacob and Esther. The There is significant confusion regarding the numbers of survivors. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla, off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland. They brought back a sailor's cap with half a man's head inside it. They brought back a sailor’s cap with half a man’s head inside it. [5] <> Accessed 11 September 2014. The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder, a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914.She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. A BBC report on the laying of a wreath on the wreck on the 100th anniversary of the sinking by divers says that 18 survived and 250 died. Four more men died of injuries or exposure and are buried at Dalmeny in Fife and Warriston near Edinburgh. ( Log Out /  The only file at Kew refers to the casualty list. In History: The Sinking of the HMS Pathfinder The HMS Pathfinder had been a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser during the WWI-era. (London: Constable, 1931), p. 6. She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. HMS Pathfinder, (Navy Photos, click to enlarge) return to Contents List : PALADIN-Class Fleet Destroyer ordered from Hawthorn Leslie at Newcastle on 2nd October 1939 with 2nd Emergency Flotilla. There is an enormous cloud of dense smoke all around the ship, with a high jet of water rising into the air on the left. On September 5th 1914 she had torpedoed the British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was sunk in the North Sea, off the Scottish coast, ... On May 25th he sank the 12,000 ton HMS Triumph and two days later was to be equally successful in sinking the 16,000 ton HMS Majestic. "I was then thrown forward by the slope of the deck and got jammed beneath a gun (which I expect is the cause of my bruising) and while in this position was carried down some way by the sinking ship, but fortunately after a time I became released and after what seemed like interminable ages I came to the surface, and after swimming a short time I was able to get an oar and some other floating material with the help of which I was just able to keep on the surface. "I was at the time in the wardroom, but ran up on deck immediately, and it was then evident by the way the bow was down in the water that she would sink rapidly," he said. 100th annivesay of HMS Pathfinder sinking: Sinking of hms hood may 1941: Home. Jan 29, 2019 - HMS Pathfinder (G10) a P-class destroyer. [1] The Admiralty produced a broad specification for the ships, normal practice at the time for destroyers, requiring a speed of 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph), a range of 2,000 nautical miles (3,700 km; 2,300 mi), light armour and an armament of ten 12-pounder (3 inch, 76 mm) guns, eight 3-pounder (47mm) guns and two torpedo tubes. She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. HMS Pathfinder The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder , a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914. In May 1902, the British Admiralty issued an invitation to tender to several shipbuilding yards for a new type of small cruiser, intended to act as leaders for flotillas of destroyers. The first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by a submarine was HMS Pathfinder, a Pathfinder-class scout cruiser, on 5th September 1914.She was sunk off St Abbs Head in the Scottish Borders while on patrol, by U-21 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, taking with her 6 men from Ulster. [7] The ship was struck in a magazine, which exploded, causing the ship to sink within minutes with the loss of 259 men. Victoria Cross at Sea 1939-45 - WW2 Campaign Summary. The bow of the vessel has already sunk beneath the surface, and the first funnel seems about to break off into the water. [1] The website Naval History gives 278 on board, of whom 16 survived. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). The survivors included Pathfinder’s captain, Francis Martin-Leake, who was wounded. [1] R. H. Gibson, M. Prendergast, The German Submarine War, 1914-1918. On 5 September 1914 U-21, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Otto Hersing, torpedoed and sank the scout cruiser HMS Pathfinder, leader of the Eighth Destroyer Flotilla, off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland., off St Abbs Head on the south east coast of Scotland. Displacement was 2,940 long tons (2,990 t) normal and 3,240 long tons (3,290 t) deep load. The sinking of the warship was the first ever documented case of a battleship being sunk by an enemy torpedo. Since the vessel was traveling at a mere five knots, however (due to a shortage of coal throughout the Royal Navy at the time), the manoeuvre was not in time and the torpedo struck the ship beneath the bridge. This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. There was horrendous loss of life, only a few of the casualties died in the immediate sinking but The 7 September 1914 edition of The Scotsman newspaper reported an official press release that stated that Pathfinder had struck a mine. At 1545 lookouts spotted a torpedo wake heading towards the starboard bow and the officer of the watch, Lieutenant-Commander Favell, attempted to take evasive action by ordering the starboard engine be put astern and the port engine at full ahead while the wheel was turned hard a port. This new year of 2015 will mark the 100th anniversary of the tragic sinking of the Royal Navy armoured cruiser-''HMS ''NATAL'' in the Cromarty Firth in northern Scotland on December 30 1915. The word torpedo was then used to describe weapons that would now be called mines. ( Log Out /  Thomas Frederick Hallifax, RN) was declared a constructive total loss on 11 February 1945 after being damaged by bombs from Japanese aircraft off Ramree Island, Burma. 5 September 2014. Most of her crew went down with Pathfinder, but sources differ on the exact number of men killed and saved. ''Pathfinder' was the first EVER warship sunk by a torpedo fired from a German U-Boat. It commemorates Stoker 1st Class William Stern (K/5331) of the Royal Navy, who was killed in the sinking of HMS Pathfinder on September 5; four days earlier. The HMS Pathfinder was torpedoed while it was on patrol duty on the waters off the southern part of Scotland. HMS Pathfinder The first ... Aboukir sinking – by the famous British maritime painter Norman Wilkinson – the Hogue is seen dropping boats to pick up survivors A contemporary illustration of the Aboukir’s end The magazines of the time left little to the imagination. Martin-Leake’s brother Arthur became the first man to be awarded a bar to the VC for his courage as an army doctor at Zonnebeke between 29 October and 8 November 1914. HMS Truculent had sank in the Thames Estuary after a collision with the Swedish vessel Divina on the evening of 12th January 1950. He had previously been awarded the VC in the Boer War. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Finally scrapped in November 1948 at Milford Haven. On the Centenary of HMS Pathfinder’s sinking on 5 th September, HMS Bangor will arrive in Bangor, County Down. Overnight Hersing withdrew from the Forth, patrolling the coast from the Isle of May southwards. Related Topics . ", Fishing boats from the nearby fishing port of Eyemouth were the first on the scene and encountered a field of debris, fuel oil, clothing and body parts. HMS Pathfinder was a steel Pathfinder class scout cruiser built by Cammell Laird in Birkenhead and launched on 16th July 1904. The HMS Pathfinder is said to be the first ship sunk by a locomotive torpedo in September 1914 Scuba divers are to lay a wreath on the wreck of a ship sunk by … The wreck site of HMS Pathfinder is designated under the Protection of. Former name: HMS Onslaught: Commands listed for HMS Pathfinder (G 10) Please note that we're still working on this section. 5 September 2014. By IanA, 20 January , 2009 in Sailors, navies and the war at sea. She is named after Bangor and is the second Royal … The new ships required high speed to keep up with the destroyers, good seaworthiness and good communications equipment, but as they were only intended to fight destroyer-type vessels, a heavy armament was not specified. She measured 370.0’ x 38.8’ x 15.2’ and displaced 2987 tons. Contents. HMS Pathfinder (Lt.Cdr. At midday, the destroyers altered course back towards the Isle of May while Pathfinder continued her patrol. HMS Argus and her two escorting destroyers had departed the Clyde on 31 July. The 5th September 2015 was the 101st anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. At 1543 U-21 fired a single 50 cm (20 in) Type G/6 torpedo at a range of 2,000 yards. Brexit: What are the key points of the deal? The bow of the vessle has already sunk beneath the surface, and the first funnle seems about to break off into the water. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. This week just concluding marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder '' 12 miles off St. Abb's Head on Sctoland's east coast at Berwickshire. [2] The next day it printed an eye witness account that talked of ‘the diabolical policy pursued by Germany in strewing the sea with floating mines in tracts where peaceful fishermen are as likely as the crews of warships to be the victims.’[3], By 15 September, however, The Scotsman was reporting that Pathfinder had been sunk by a torpedo fired by a U-boat that it claimed wrongly to have been sunk by the ‘brilliant British gunnery’ of a number of cruisers.[4]. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo ). Posts about HMS Pathfinder written by Martin Gibson. A spar torpedo is more akin to a limpet mine than to a twentieth or twentieth century torpedo. HMS Pathfinder. 250 of her crew were killed and less than 100 survived. HMS Pathfinder sunk off the Isle of May in September 1914 Tuesday 5th September comments: The Isle of May NNR has a wealth of history but today marks the 103 rd anniversary of the tragedy of the sinking of HMS Pathfinder. I have access to it via the National Library of Scotland. It is thought to be a German submarine that did it, or, possibly, a torpedo fired from one of the refitted German trawlers, which cruise all round painted with British port letters and flying the British flag. He wrote to his father saying that: I dare say Julian told you that we actually saw the Pathfinder explosion – a great white cloud with its foot in sea. She will be open to the general public on the afternoons of Sat 6th and Sun 7th. [2], Pathfinder was laid down at Cammell Laird's Birkenhead shipyard on 15 August 1903, was launched on 16 July 1904 and completed on 18 July 1905. This was the first time that a submarine had sunk a ship using a motor powered torpedo. These successes were major contributory factors in the British decision to withdraw capital ships from the bombardment role. Trials were Trials were carried out during 1947 … The sea was very rough, meaning that U-21 was plunging up and down, but Hersing succeeded in hitting his target with a single torpedo. Not long after completion, two additional 12 pounder guns were added and the 3 pounder guns were replaced with six 6 pounder guns. HMS Bangor is a 600 tonne Sandown Class Minehunter, commissioned by the Royal Navy and launched by Lady Lisa Spencer in 1999 at Southampton Docks. (However The Scotsman also reported that Pathfinder had been attacked by two U-boats and had accounted for the second one in her death throes. The St. Abbs' lifeboat came in with the most appalling accounts of the scene. It is thought to be a German submarine that did it, or, possibly, a torpedo fired from one of the refitted German trawlers, which cruise all round painted with British port letters and flying the British flag.’[5]. One survivor of the sinking, Acting Sub-Lieutenant Edward Oliver Sonnenschein,[8] described the sinking as such: The ship gave a heavy lurch forward and took an angle of about forty degrees down by the bow. The HMS Pathfinder was the first warship to be sunk by a torpedo fired from a submarine. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo).She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. HMS Truculent had sank in the Thames Estuary after a collision with the Swedish vessel Divina on the evening of 12th January 1950.There was horrendous loss of life, only a few of the casualties died in the immediate sinking but many of those who escaped from the badly stricken vessel were washed away by the ebb tide and died of drowning or exposure. [4] <> Accessed 11 September 2014. Notes: (1) Casualty information in order - Surname, First name, Initial(s), Rank and part of the Service other than RN (RNR, RNVR, RFR, RMLI etc), Service Number (ratings only, also if Dominion or Indian Navies), (on the books of another ship/shore establishment, O/P – on passage), Fate Aerial footage shows flooding in Bedfordshire. [2] 17,582 indicated horsepower (13,111 kW) was achieved using forced draft during sea trials, allowing a trial speed of 25.48 knots (47.19 km/h; 29.32 mph). (There was an anecdotal story that one of the destroyers had an engine problem when a water inlet was blocked by a leg in a seaboot.). The St. Abbs’ lifeboat came in with the most appalling accounts of the scene. There was no time to lower her lifeboats. The sinking of Pathfinder by a submarine made both sides aware of the potential vulnerability of large ships to attack by submarines. On the Centenary of HMS Pathfinder's sinking on. We put our exhibition back up to commemorate the event. HMS Pathfinder. Creator: Royal Navy official photographer. He was adamant that his ship had been struck by a torpedo, although it had at first been thought that she had been struck by a mine. Published. On the morning of 5 September, he observed HMS Pathfinder on a SSE course, followed by elements of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. At anchor. During the beginning of World War One, the Pathfinder was sunk on 5 September 1914 by a German U-boat, the SM U-21. I am researching the sinking of HMS Pathfinder, 5th September 1914 which was captained by her son Francis Martin-Leake. HMS Pathfinder Remembered Today: Sign in to follow this . The communications were as follows :— The Secretary of the Admiralty communicates the following message for publication :— H.M.S. The sinking of HMS HAWKE: One of the greatest single losses of Royal Navy sailors from Ulster with 49 Ulstermen lost to just one U-boat. Broken in two, the "Pathfinder" instantly began sinking, dragging most of her crew down with her and leaving a massive pall of smoke to mark her grave. HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a locomotive torpedo fired by submarine.. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). The reason for this is unclear, but probably has to do with the Admiralty's position that submarines — a still new and largely untested weapons platform — lacked the capacity to sink a surface warship with a torpedo. HMS Pathfinder: on 5 September 1914 this scout cruiser was returning to base at Rosyth while acting as leader of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. Pathfinder was commanded by Commander Edward Albert Gibbs from January 1942 to November 1943, during which time she assisted the destroyer Ithuriel in sinking the Italian submarine Cobalto, assisted the destroyers Vimy and Quentin to sink the German submarine U-162, assisted in the rescue of nearly 5,000 survivors from the troopship Strathallan after it was torpedoed off Oran, Algeria. [5] A 2 inches (51 mm) thick armour belt protected the ship's engine rooms, with a 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) armoured deck over the ships engines and an armoured deck of 1⁄2–1 1⁄2 inches (13–38 mm) elsewhere, while the ship's conning tower was protected with 3 inches (76 mm) of armour. It was the first British warship to be torpedoed by a German Uboat in WW1. HMS Pathfinder. Our community welcomes everyone from around the world to discuss world history, historical periods, and themes in history - military history, … U-21 Sinks HMS Pathfinder 5 September 1914, http://search.proquest.com.connect.nls.uk/hnpscotsman/docview/488299365/7D816E4C02324A85PQ/10?accountid=12801>>, http://search.proquest.com.connect.nls.uk/hnpscotsman/docview/488297648/7D816E4C02324A85PQ/9?accountid=12801>>, http://search.proquest.com.connect.nls.uk/hnpscotsman/docview/486241221/7D816E4C02324A85PQ/6?accountid=12801>>, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Pathfinder_(1904)>>, E9 Sinks SMS Hela 13 September 1914 | War and Security, U9 Sinks Three British Cruisers 22 September 1914 | War and Security, The Naval Blockades: (2) Germany | War and Security, U21 Sinks Two British Battleships in Three Days | War and Security, Jan Bee BrownThe King of the Cats...and other stories | Jan Bee Brown, RAYMOND JAMES GUILL - Ipswich War Memorial, The Dover Straits in the First World War | War and Security, Chinese missiles push US to seek fleet of small, agile warships | The Times, Bravery award for the boomtown rat | The Times, Axing Challenger will free British Army to re-think land warfare strategy, general says, Brexit trade deal 'moment of national renewal', says Lord Frost, Coronavirus: More cases of new Covid variant found in Europe, Covid-19: Tougher Covid rules begin for millions in UK, George Blake: Soviet Cold War spy and former MI6 officer dies in Russia, Gale weather warnings for UK as Storm Bella moves in, Covid: Boxing Day sales expected to plummet amid pandemic, Queen's Christmas message returns to top of TV ratings, Frost becomes first female jockey to win King George. 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