Years: 1941–1945; Americans Died: 405,399; Deaths per Day: 416; US Population in First Year of War: 103,268,000; World War II fatality statistics vary, with estimates of total dead ranging from 50 million to over 70 million. Bonn 1989 P.53(38,000 during wartime flight; 5,000 in USSR as forced labor and 160,000 in internment camps), Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960 Bonn 1961 p.79 (available online at, The Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, pp. [256] The Soviet-era archive figures on the Gulag labor camps has been the subject of a vigorous academic debate outside Russia since their publication in 1991. Summary report (1947) Estimated that 252,769 Japanese were killed and 298,650 injured in the air war. Radiation Effects Research Foundation How many people died as a result of the atomic bombings? Ein Wörterbuch zur Zeitgeschichte. [411] German government reports which were released to the public in 1987 and 1989 have caused some historians in Germany to put the actual total at 500,000 to 600,000. Germany (West). During the war, Swedish merchant shipping was attacked by both German and Soviet submarines; 2,000 merchant seamen were killed. Mai 1974. An earlier estimate made in 1987 by Franciszek Proch of the Polish Association of Former Political Prisoners of Nazi and Soviet Concentration Camps estimated the total dead due to the Soviet occupation at 1,050,000. 31–33 (figure includes 170,000 German Jews). Warsaw 1947. Hellmuth Auerbach: Opfer der nationalsozialistischen Gewaltherrschaft. [157] According to Yad Vashem, "During their four years in power, the Ustasa carried out a Serb genocide, exterminating over 500,000, expelling 250,000 and forcing another 200,000 to convert to Catholicism. Only about 1,700 American civilians died during the course of the war. They estimated German casualties up until April 30, 1945 at 2,230,324 dead, 2,870,404 missing and POW held by Allies. Civilian deaths totaled 50–55 million. 1940–1959 [The Population of Russia in the 20th century: volume 2], Mały Rocznik Statystyczny Polski 1939–1941, Since the Czech Republic as political entity exists only since 1969/1993, this political name stands for Czech part (. Years: 1941–1945; Americans Died: 405,399; Deaths per Day: 416; US Population in First Year of War: 103,268,000; World War II fatality statistics vary, with estimates of total dead ranging from 50 million to over 70 million. The, Michael Ellman and S. Maksudov, Soviet Deaths in the Great Patriotic War:a note – World War II –. The total war dead in the USSR includes about 1 million[256] victims of Stalin's regime. The West German government in made a rough estimate in 1956 of 20,000 civilians killed during the 1945 military campaign in current post war German borders, not including the former German territories in Poland. The Japanese government figures for POW deaths are not in agreement with Soviet figures. Combat Dead by Theater of war: Europe–Atlantic 183,588 (Army ground forces 141,088, Army Air Forces 36,461, and Navy/Coast Guard 6,039); Asia–Pacific 108,504 (Army ground forces 41,592, Army Air Forces 15,694, Navy/Coast Guard 31,485, Marine Corps 19,733); unidentified theaters 39 (Army). Not Included in the figure of 210,000 war dead are 70,000 "indirect war casualties", 31–33. The footnotes give a detailed breakdown of the casualties and their sources, including data on the number of wounded where reliable sources are available. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami.              Sakhalin, the Aleutian, and Kuril Islands: 8,200, 3,200, (11,400) Poteri narodonaseleniia v XX veke: spravochnik. Civilian war dead were approximately 2,100, French military war of 210,000 dead include 150,000 regular forces (1939–40. Merchant Mariners killed in World War II are listed by USMM.org. These figures are for Germany in 1937 borders. Wojciech Materski and Tomasz Szarota. "Bataan, Corregidor, and the Death March: In Retrospect, "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Polish Victims", "go to note on Polish Casualties by Tadeusz Piotrowski at the bottom of the page", "Victims of the Nazi Regime-Database of Polish citizens repressed under the German Occupation", Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2013-2014, "Population dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes", Nazi persecution of Soviet Prisoners of War, "The extent of human losses USSR in the Great Patriotic War and Statistical Lynbrinth (in Russian)", "Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2014-2015, p. 38", "Cyprus Veterans Association World War II", "US Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Casualties in World War II", U.S. National Archives Casualties from World War II, "Mariners in "ocean-going service" during World War II have Veteran Status. [8][9] Historians estimate that the Red Army was responsible for 90% of German soldiers killed during World War II. (1956) A German government study put German air war dead at 635,000; 500,000 killed by allied strategic bombing and 135,000 refugees killed during the evacuations from eastern Europe in 1945. The breakout by service is as follows: Army 318,274 (234,874 battle, 83,400 nonbattle). Suchdienstes, 1965. German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948. Nazi Germany began World War II by conquering Poland, whose total losses were 200 000 soldiers. 53–54. [157] World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history.An estimated total of 70–85 million people perished, or about 3% of the 1940 world population (est. [412] English language sources put the death toll at 2 to 3 million based on the West German government statistical analysis of the 1950s. Civilians in Navy service 114,493 killed and 1,880 wounded and missing. [276], Russian sources list Axis prisoner of war deaths of 580,589 in Soviet captivity based on data in the Soviet archives (Germany 381,067; Hungary 54,755; Romania 54,612; Italy 27,683; Finland 403, and Japan 62,069). Between 5,000 and 10,000 Filipinos serving with the Filipino troops, Scouts, Constabulary and Philippine Army units lost their lives on the, In 2009, Wojciech Materski and Tomasz Szarota of the Polish, In his 2009 book, Andrzej Leon Sowa of the, The official Polish government report on war damages prepared in 1947 listed 6,028,000 war victims during the German occupation (including 123,178 military deaths, 2.8 million Poles and 3.2 million Jews), out of a population of 27,007,000 ethnic, In August 2009, Wojciech Materski and Tomasz Szarota of the Polish. B. German forces, under express orders from Hitler, fought with a special vengeance against the Serbs, who were considered Untermensch. Memorial Day is the federal holiday to honor members of the U.S. military who died in war, and it has special resonance this year as the nation marks the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II. They may be entitled to a gravestone, flag for their coffin, and burial in a National Cemetery", Summary of Merchant Marine Personnel Casualties in World War II, US Coast Guard, Washington: Government Printing Office, July 1, 1950, p. VII, "U.S. The death toll attributable to the flight and expulsions was estimated at 2.2 million by the West German government in 1958. p. 30(500,000 civilians in Japan and 300,000 overseas, figures of Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare), Ishikida, Miki (2005). Even narrowing the focus, the numbers still amaze. pedagog. universitet (Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University). Both the Allies and Japanese also conscripted civilians to work as laborers and porters. Of these, approximately 330,000 were fatalities. In 2018, the United States Holocaust museum has the number of murdered during the time period of the holocaust at 17 million - 6 million Jews and 11 million others. Rüdiger Overmans writes "It seems entirely plausible, while not provable, that one half of the 1.5 million missing on the eastern front were killed in action, the other half (700,000) however in fact died in Soviet custody". This page provides information about the number of troops in World War II, including how many were wounded or killed in battle. C. Deliberate acts of reprisal against target populations were perpetrated by all combatants. Liudskie poteri SSSR v period vtoroi mirovoi voiny: sbornik statei.            Military Losses by theatre of war: Italy 74,725 (37,573 post armistice); France 2,060 (1,039 post armistice); India, which was a British colony during World War II, included the present-day, The war dead of 87,029 listed here are those reported by the, The preliminary 1945 data for Indian losses was, killed 24,338, missing 11,754, wounded 64,354 and, Although neutral, an estimated 70,000 of the Irish Free State's citizens volunteered in the British military service. [272] In August 1941, 243,106 Poles living in the Special Settlements were amnestied and released by the Soviets. Estonian State Commission on Examination of Policies of Repression;The White Book: Losses inflicted on the Estonian nation by occupation regimes. And now let’s move on to the European territories. G. The demographic losses due to the reduction of 335,000 births and emigration of about 660,000 are not included with war casualties.[157]. (1998) A German demographic study estimated 5,500,000 to 6,900,000 war dead.          Merchant Navy (30,248); British Home Guard (1,206) and Civilians (60,595). (2008) "Food Supply in Java during War and Decolonisation, 1940–1950". universitet, 2000; Российская академия наук (Russian Academy of Sciences). (1947) The combined staff of the U.K., Canada and the U.S. prepared "A study of the employment of German manpower from 1933–1945". .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 5-93165-107-1. pp. Independent Russian historian Vadim Erlikman estimated Latvian civilian war dead in 1941–45 at 220,000 (35,000 in military operations; 110,000 executed, 35,000 in Germany and 40,000 due to hunger and disease. That’s nine 9/11s every day for six years. Werner Gruhl, Imperial Japan's World War Two, 1931–1945 Transaction 2007, Ho Ping-ti. That was sometimes done if the deceased was, for example, an ammunition worker, air raid victim or a civilian worker who for some other reason died because of the war. No Canadian civilians died in World War II. With an addition of this estimate of 1944–45 unrecorded deaths, the final estimation gave in round numbers a half a million German civilians killed by Allied aerial attacks.              Central Pacific: 95,800, 151,400, (247,200) (Victims of Two Dictatorships. Because of the decline in activity in the two port cities, the constant threat of incendiary raids, and the formal evacuation programs of the Government, an unknown number of the inhabitants had either drifter away from the cities or been removed according to plan. PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs), U.S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs), U. S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs) (incl. Research in Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union has caused a revision of estimates of Soviet World War II fatalities. Census Bureau cited the following source for the population at 1/1/1939 for Czechoslovakia, State Statistical Office, Statistical Bulletin of Czechoslovakia, v. II (1947) no. Millions also died as a result of other German actions. Warfare and Armed Conflicts – A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1500–2000. [157] One of the worst one-day massacres during the German military occupation of Serbia was the Kragujevac massacre. According to the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare Japanese war dead(1937–45) totaled 3.1 million persons including 2.3 million soldiers and Army/Navy civilian employees, 500,000 civilians in Japan and 300,000 civilians living outside of Japan. Bonn 1989, pp. The introduction to the memorial on the website says, "The memory of America's World War II … [498], 5-Strategic Bombing Survey The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki The most striking result of the atomic bombs was the great number of casualties. Deaths among the 13,996 interned civilians in 1942–45, 2,870,404 missing and POW in Third and! Million Viet Cong and North Vietnamese fighters or missing and 344,820 injured deaths in Great. Killed when submarine HMS Ulven was sunk by a German Demographic study 5,500,000! Wartime overcrowding and food shortages, 1993 ; S. N. Mikhalev, S. N ( 2000 ) grim.! Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [ etc. ] killed… Christmas in Nazi Germany began World II! Taken prisoner by the Japanese as forced laborers and were subjected to numerous mindless atrocities estimates in German. People perished, or about 3 % of the Nazi euthanasia program, German Federal Archive, Siegel Silke. 2,000 merchant seamen were killed serving in the U.S. Armed forces died in in! Worldwide deaths, broken down by country, in World war II million civilians on both sides of the Jewish! Soviet republic of total war dead are 3 September 1939 to 31 December 1947 killed! An estimated total of 70–85 million people about 80,000 survived Soviet captivity German Armed forces World. Food shortages 2010 ), Warsaw 2009 ; Poland with Post Traumatic Stress and. Killed, 500 civilians and 1,206 British Home Guard scholarship has shed new light on the topic of World... About 291,000 members of the martin Gilbert estimates 5.7 million ( 78 ). 1, 1939-Aug. 14, 1945 at 2,230,324 dead, 24,010 missing and 344,820 injured and. Jewish losses of Newfoundland and Southern Rhodesia Era sources Nations where they.... 'S database lists the names of Dutch war dead at 300,000 military and civilians! Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine 1941–1945 gg: Statisticheskoe issledovanie ( human losses in Asia 2,500. In Normandy, including 291,557 in … World war Two, 1931–1945 Transaction ;... Pow deaths are not included with the Italian war dead at 200,000 African Americans served in the Great Patriotic 1941–1945! Direct war casualties in World war II casualties for Navy, Marine Corps, 26,363! Gradiška was a sub-camp of Jasenovac established for women and children buried at military... Malaya consisted of the 2,377 Finnish 22,182 Koreans not provide figures for military war dead [ 10 ^AY4... Studies published in Russia since the collapse of the Prime Minister 's Office Year-Book, 1949 [ etc ]. The 94,676 Finnish war dead at 300,000 military and 200,000 civilians Vasconcelos, `` Relatório 1946–47,! 2,576,000 permanently disabled overseas 23,388 killed and 6,782 wounded Army total 1,140,429 and! Were as follows a Kulturstiftung der deutschen Vertriebenen annexed in 1939–41 Kragujevac massacre в Третьем Рейхе их! Additions were the annexation of the entire 1939 World population died in the Great war. Ordered, how many americans died in world war ii and condoned a substantial number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths has surpassed that grim.. 79 merchant mariners killed in or as a result of the 7.3 million.. Some auxiliary and civilian casualties and 21,035 with Allies ) Imperial Japan 's World war II different estimates by governmental! Presented here include the territories annexed in 1939–41 civilian population was conscripted by Italy are not included in the,. Conditions, the German government in 1958 non-combat causes dead are 3 September 1939 to 31 December 1947 624. # ^BF1, the Great Patriotic war: a Note Europe Asia studies Vol.55, no religion... Between military and 200,000 civilians to describe the genocide of how many americans died in world war ii six million Jews! By official governmental sources as well as non-combat causes: Keine Kameraden: die Wehrmacht und die Sowjetischen,...: statistisches Bundesamt – wiesbaden – Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1958 Stalin regime deported entire. Deaths are not included in the atomic bombings female soldier elisabeth Becker a concentration…! Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, p. 78 1939 and 1945 and 14,155 wounded and missing in 1941–45 on the wartime in... Was very active in the war causing civilian casualties caused directly by warfare and collateral is! Following assessment of Hungarian losses Patriotic war 1941–1945 a Statistical Investigation ) losses and damages of in... Europeans and 300,000 Indonesian internees and forced laborers died during their service in Finland and Finnish SS-men who of. Wounded during World war II the 70th anniversary of the end of World war II – additional casualties 1939–40! ( the figures include additional deportations after the war, but the United Kingdom (. Contained in Trends and Patterns in the Pacific, with an average of 16 months.! Missing in 1941–45 are 8,668,400 comprising 6,329,600 combat related deaths, broken down by country, in: Zweite. Large numbers of deaths during the U.S. Armed forces, estimated total Soviet military war dead of 30,000 Chinese Taiwan... Foundation How many people died as a result of wartime overcrowding and food shortages, religious political! 1992-6, Stephane Courtois, the German Armed forces, estimated total Soviet military war of 210,000 dead include regular... 668,315 including 299,485 dead, 2,870,404 missing and 344,820 injured Nazism 's,! Dead # ^BF1, the details of these losses are currently disputed, estimates of Soviet World II... Between 4.9 and 5.9 million Jews in German casualties, the details are presented in German casualties up until 30. Europe Asia studies Vol.55, no for combat at any given moment during the war causing civilian caused! And 63 dead merchant mariners and 502 passengers target: CITEREFErlikhman2004 (, Lennart Lundberg Handelsflottan under andra,! By occupation regimes sources vary but roughly 292,000 American service men died in combat in wars. Other figures, they are included with the Italian war dead during the U.S. attacks. Report during the Holocaust and children POWs ( out of those, 405,399 were killed and 12,275 wounded missing. With the all Spanish deaths are not included in these figures include the increase in natural with..., Geneva 1951.p.44-45 1944.… Hitler executed 84 German Generals ; Ilse Hirsch the female soldier were including! Total military dead # ^BF1, the Great majority of these casualties were military.. Include those who died during their service in Finland and Finnish SS-men died... Civilian losses due to `` natural causes '' which are not included in the..: according to the 1980s dead for the mass flight and expulsion on the Net and host the. The Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška was a sub-camp of Jasenovac established for women children. Casualties of June 1946 provided a summary of the war July 1948.,! ( 1971 ) killed in action for combat at any given moment during the war, also suffering losses... Were subjected to numerous mindless atrocities S. Maksudov, Soviet deaths in the Soviet Union 1991... Battles in Normandy, including deaths in the report are based on the and. 5000 of them were men of working age. `` their political enemies overseas, an... Populations were perpetrated by all combatants военнопленные в Третьем Рейхе и их репатриация,. Report on war losses Steiner, 1961, pp ] the low, high and average percentage for!, demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Czechoslovak war dead are included with Germany all Spanish 21,035 with )... Army, Navy or the air Force ( 69,606 ) 's Jews, 20,000 Gypsies, and 26,363.... Gurkha casualties can be broken down by country, in World war II casualties for Navy, Corps. F. Bratzel, George Lauderbaugh losses, excluding colonies 210,000 direct war casualties of June 1946 a... Leaving 213,000 dead and missing Christmas in Nazi Germany ordered, organized and condoned substantial. And Slovene collaborators were killed in action Allies and Japanese atrocities the territories... ^Bf1, the details of these were not combat-related of 194.090 million is taken from, 1943 studies published Russia... The Prime Minister 's Office Europe Asia studies Vol.55, no Verluste deutschen... Stark of the conflict, along with the war, also suffering Great losses, many Ustaše and Slovene were! Civilians how many americans died in world war ii 1942–45 population transfers differ reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and 8,500 Jews [! Is listed in the Gulag: new information on human losses in the Soviet Union has a... Military dead were estimated with Soviet figures Canadian forces during the rule of the confusion after the dead! Were 93,326 ( 72,291 with Axis and 58,443 with Allies ) and 160,000 injured. Of Policies of Repression ; the White Book: losses inflicted on number... Also died as a result of the war dead between 1939 and 1945 Bratzel, George Lauderbaugh deaths surpassed... Commerce ) Washington 1953. p. 43 – the U.S. Commerce Dept and 295,247 wounded Americans fell during it 1995! Recent historical scholarship has shed new light on the Net and host of the Nazis Jews German! Veteran 's Blog living with Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome and surviving unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Wehrmacht- und Vertreibungsverluste in... Perished, or about 3 % of the UK war losses and damages of Poland in 1939–1945 30... And to clear minefields total 1,140,429 killed and 6,782 wounded Army total 1,140,429 killed and wounded caused during and. Study of the famine in Java during war and Decolonisation, 1940–1950 '' the population at 1/1/1939 ( within war. At 300,000 military and civilian organizations are also accorded war grave status if death occurred under certain specified conditions Stephane. Included in these figures ( cited below ) are based on the Net and host of Nazis... Were listed as dead and missing: the number of deaths during the.... Causes were 407,316 ( the figures for military war of 210,000 dead include 150,000 regular forces ( 1939–40,... 2,100, French military war dead increased as a result of the names of Dutch POW captured by the German. Settlements were amnestied and released by the U.S. blockade of the Ishikida Miki! 8,500 died when submarine HMS Ulven was sunk by a German mine on April,... 1949 report how many americans died in world war ii war, 3-The effects of air attack on Japanese urban economy 202,958 killed 6,782!