(DD-10) Paul Jones 11. Born from the ashes of Pearl Harbor, the United States Navy became a force to be reckoned with in the Second World War. Badly damaged during an air attack on 29 July 1944, shortly before the ship was planned to be commissioned. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). Destroyers, the fast, mobile, weapons-packed greyhounds of the fleet are the actual backbone of the nation’s maritime presence, constituting a large percentage of the navy’s warships. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. The 1500-ton Mahan, Dunlap, Gridley, Bagley, and Benham classes, the 1570-ton Sims class, and the 1850-ton Porter and Somers-class destroyer leaders were all laid down in quick succession following the original goldplaters. Pages in category "World War II naval ships of the United States" The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. Port bow. [66] The Arleigh Burke class was introduced in four "flights": Flight I, consisting of Arleigh Burke; Flight IA composed of 20 ships; Flight II, composed of 7 ships; and Flight IIA, composed of 34 ships. Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas Fleet Adm. C. W. Nimitz (3) Deputy Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas Vice Admiral J. H. Towers (15) Chief of Joint Staff Vice Admiral C. H. McMorris (107) BB 38 PENNSYLVANIA (Flagship) Captain C. F. Martin (427) (DD-19) Preston 2. # Before the Spanish-American War, this category included the small freight carrier Fern. By the end of World War II, the U.S. Navy had also commissioned 112 six-gun destroyers derived from the Fletcher design; 67 Allen M. Sumner class 2200 tonners and 45 Gearing class 2250 tonners. (DD-6) Hopkins 7. *** About 20 steel ships, converted to gunboats, were bought by the Navy in 1898 because of the war with Spain. During World War II, the United States began building larger 2100-ton destroyers with five-gun main batteries, but without stability problems. Port bow, underway. USN Destroyer development passed through a long eclipse: Basically after the mass cancellations of November 1918 and the end of the war, WW1 USN destroyers of the Caldwell, Wickes andClemsonclasses, the famous “four pipers” made the bulk of the USN destroyer force, which had been reduced compared to other nation’s efforts, in comparison to battleships. This is a list of destroyers of the Second World War.. [57] Collectively, these destroyer designs are sometimes regarded as the most successful of World War II. First United States Navy ship to use gas turbines. In 1940, fifty "flush deckers" were transferred to the British Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy under the Destroyers for Bases Agreement. 1908. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. [table striped="true" responsive="true"] 121. [32], The standard displacement of the flush deck destroyers was 1,200 ± 90 long tons (1,219 ± 91 t), the length approximately 314 feet (96 m), the beam measured approximately 31 feet (9.4 m), and the draft approximately 116 inches (2.9 m). (DD-18) Lamson 1. [Order by Select List number. Including research, the program costs reached $22.5 billion for the three ships. It includes all of the series DD, DL, DDG, DLG, and DLGN. Ships are designated to the country under which they operated for the longest period of the Second World War, regardless of where they were built or previous service history. (DD-9) Macdonough 10. [63] The Spruance-class destroyers were the first ships in the United States Navy powered with gas turbines—four marine turboshaft (jet-type) engines driving two shafts with reversible-pitch propellers. The Arleigh Burke class was designed with an all-new hull form, incorporating much of the Spruance class (DD 963) destroyer propulsion and machinery plant, and the integrated Aegis Weapons System (AWS) proven on the Kidd class (DD 993) destroyers and installed on the larger Ticonderoga class cruisers. Torpedoed, split almost in half, declared constructive loss March 1943. [2] The treaty called for a freeze in the size and composition of the world's major navies, including the U.S. Navy, which ceased production of large capital ships and destroyers. Most remaining in US service were rearmed with varying numbers of 3 inch dual purpose guns. [62], The Spruance class was designed to serve as all-weather anti-submarine escorts for aircraft carrier task forces, as their anti-air missile complement was only sufficient for point defense. [31] A typical flush deck destroyer had a normal crew of 105 officers and men, and was armed with four 4-inch deck guns, one 3-inch anti-aircraft gun, 12 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, two stern-mounted depth charge racks, along with .50-caliber machine guns and small arms. Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II Ships Home. The List of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. For the next seven years, the United States Navy constructed "1500 tonners", or "goldplaters". (DD-2) Barry 3. Navy Chronology of World War II', Office of Naval Intelligence Combat Narratives, and various reference documents. The former carried over a system consisting of a type letter, eg S (search radar), and a model letter: thus SC is the third US search radar; and SC … This is a list of destroyers of the United States Navy, sorted by hull number. [39] The armament of the Farragut and Mahan class destroyers initially included five 5 inch dual purpose guns, a number later reduced to four due to stability problems and a desire for a larger torpedo armament. (DD-7) Hull 8. The List of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. The threat a small, fast, torpedo–delivering ship could pose to the b… Nr.3 Type 052D class (China) The Type 052D class is referred as Chinese Aegis. The Zumwalt class will number three ships. Originally designated "destroyer leader". USS Arizona (BB-39) destroyed by Japanese aircraft bombs at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 7 December 1941, and stricken from the Navy List, 1 December 1942.USS Oklahoma (BB-37) capsized and sank after being torpedoed by Japanese aircraft at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 7 December 1941. Links to individual pages giving description, history, and photo. destroyed 7 December 1941 but "rebuilt," scrapped 1948, decommissioned 1960, museum ship at Boston, MA, built and launched during the war, paid off 27 February 1964, to Canada November 1942, to USSR July 1944 as, delivered to Canada January 1945, scrapped 1971, Captured by Germany September 1943. The Battle class DD's served the UK and her allies long and well and represent the zenith of WW II British destroyer design. The Arleigh Burke class, introduced in 1991, has been the U.S. Navy's only destroyer class in commission since 2005; construction continued through 2012 and was restarted in 2015. How to Order Early Ships Sailing Ships Steam Ships Sail and Steam Ships Modern Ships Aircraft Carriers Auxiliary Ships Battleships Cruisers Destroyers Patrol Vessels Submarines Torpedo Boats Index by Ship Name No original artworks are included in this collection. [2], On 7 December 1941, the day the United States entered World War II, the United States Navy had 100 destroyers seven years old or newer. www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2006. [3] The 1000 tonners were the Cassin through Sampson classes, and were also called "broken deckers", due to their high forecastles. Warships and Submarines (1941-1945) entries in the Military Factory. [69] The first was commissioned in 2016 and the last is scheduled to be commissioned in 2019. First major US warship after World War II. No original artworks are included in this collection. The Arleigh Burke class (DDG 51) destroyers replaced the Charles F. Adams class (DDG 2). Port stern quarter, underway. Developed under the DD(X) destroyer program, the Zumwalt-class destroyer (DDG 1000) is the lead ship of a class of next-generation multi-mission surface combatants tailored for land attack and littoral dominance with capabilities that defeat current and projected threats. (DD-17) Smith 18. (DD-22) Paulding 5. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 DD -- Destroyers NOTES * Holland, although technically a submersible torpedo boat, was the first of some 500 or so diesel-electric boats commonly referred to as "submarines." [65] The Arleigh Burke-class destroyers were based around the "Aegis" Combat System, like the larger Ticonderoga-class cruisers. A complete list of all US Navy Aircraft Carriers, by type and class, in commission during WWII. Passenger lists for nonenlisted personnel are also included. Online Ordering. Sumners. Submarines 161 Alabama (BB8). There are a total of [ 24 ] WW2 U.S. Battleships (1941-1945) entries in the Military Factory. [2], During the Spanish–American War, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt wrote Spanish torpedo boat destroyers (such as the 370-ton Furor) were "the only real menace" to the fleet blockading Santiago, and pushed for the acquisition of torpedo boats and torpedo boat destroyers. In World War I, the U.S. Navy began mass-producing destroyers, laying 273 keels of the Clemson and Wickes-class destroyers. Introduced in 1942, the 175 Fletcher class "2100 tonners". [3] The first torpedo boat destroyers, the Bainbridge class, featured two torpedo tubes and two 3-inch (76 mm) guns, displacing 400 short tons (360 t). Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. Called flush deckers due to lack of raised forecastle. At her commissioning, USS Arleigh Burke was extolled as the most powerful surface warship ever built. Destroyers 137 … The first U.S. Navy destroyer class unconstrained by treaty limitations. [2][31] Known as "1500 tonners" due to their weight, or "goldplaters" due to the luxury as compared to previous classes. Anyone can purchase copies from the collection. (DD-20) Flusser 3. (DD-23) Drayton 6. [61], Derived from the Fletcher concept, the all-gun Forrest Sherman-class destroyer was the successor to the Fletcher, Allen M. Sumner, and Gearing classes. The 31 Spruance-class ships began service in September 1975 through the 1990s, when 24 members of the class were upgraded with vertical launching systems, and the last was decommissioned in 2005. Captured by Germans following Italian armistice. (DD-11) Perry 12. Six prototypes of the Caldwell class were dissimilar: three had three stacks; two of these also had three screws. 07/26/06. (DD-5) Decatur 6. [2] The subsequent Smith and Paulding classes displaced 740 short tons (670 t), the reason these classes were nicknamed "flivvers" (lightweights, after the Model T Ford). [2] Since Japan was considered a probable adversary and was building destroyers through the 1920s, the General Board replaced the four-stackers with ships that could carry large quantities of fuel, ammunition, and supplies as needed to conduct operations across the vast Pacific Ocean. Some uncompleted Axis ships are included, out of historic interest. Sunk 12 December 1944, while laying a minefield off Estonia in the Gulf of Finland, Badly damaged by a mine on 10 April 1945, and scuttled on 3 May of that same year. [2] With the introduction of the dual purpose main guns, destroyers acquired an anti-aircraft mission. These records include detailed muster rolls listing all personnel assigned to ships, stations, and activities for the U.S. Navy, 1939-1949, as well as reports of changes for sailors transferred to other ships or locations, and those discharged, deserted, hospitalized, missing, or dead. [2], The first major warship the U.S. Navy constructed after World War II was an all-weather, anti-submarine hunter-killer, designated "destroyer leader" (DL), but referred to as a "frigate" (see List of United States Navy destroyer leaders). There are a total of [ 32 ] WW2 Destroyer Warships (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. [62] The following Charles F. Adams class added a short-range SAM launcher on an enlarged hull and were classified as DDGs. Auxiliary Ships 63 Anderson (DD411). During World War II, the US Navy deployed two major radar series: search sets (BuShips) and fire control systems (BuOrd). World War II Ships Battleships and Battlecruisers These ships of the line were still considered the central components of the navies of all world powers at the start of the war, but by the war's end, these floating fortresses found their roles dramatically changed at the face of air power. [2] The “total completed tonnage not to be exceeded on December 31, 1936” was 150,000 S.D., but “not more than 16% of the allowed tonnage... shall be employed in vessels over 1,500 tons S.D.”. The first major warship produced by the U.S. Navy after World War II (and in the Cold War) were "frigates"—the ships were originally designated destroyer leaders but reclassified in 1975 as guided missile cruisers (except the Farragut class became guided missile destroyers). (DD-16) Worden 17. [2] However, none were equipped with torpedoes comparable to the (then unknown) Type 93 torpedoes ("Long Lance torpedo"[54]) of the Imperial Japanese Navy, and only destroyer leaders had more than four main guns—inferior to the six guns on a Japanese Fubuki-class destroyer (the first 24 ships of the Benson/Gleaves class were built with five guns, but excessive topweight led to one being removed).[2]. Haze Gray and Underway by Andrew Toppan ; NavSource Photo Archives by Paul Yarnall -- huge collection! Known as "flivvers" for their light weight of 740 tons. (DD-1) Bainbridge 2. 1. This is a list of destroyers of the Second World War.[1][2][3][4]. After World War II broke out across Europe in 1939, the United States Navy began sketches for a five-gun ship— on an enlarged hull. Click on photo for larger view. [64] In 1979, a revolution took place in Iran; the Shah was dethroned but instead of cancelling the four ships, they were acquired by the U.S. Navy, where they were nicknamed the "Ayatollah" or "dead Admiral" class. United States Wide USS Allen M. Sumner (DD-692) Dedicated to preserving the history of the United States Navy Destroyer Allen M. Sumner (DD-692), it's crews and campaigns. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 05:14. Classified as "Destroyer Leader" the ship was decommisioned before the smaller destroyer leaders were reclassified as destroyers and the larger as, Originally designated as destroyers, the ships would have been the first post war 'standard' destroyers but they were reclassified as "destroyer leader". [2] Two years later in Austria, the British engineer Robert Whitehead developed a compressed air "automotive" torpedo; capable of 6–8 knots (3.1–4.1 m/s) over a distance of 200–400 yards (180–370 m). 122. Starboard side. United States. By the time Pearl Harbor was attacked on 4 December 1941, this had more than doubled to 325,095. [2], The U.S. Navy resumed destroyer construction in 1932 with the Farragut class. [63] The Kidd-class was based on the Spruance class, but designed as more advanced multi-purpose ships with a significant SAM armament, intended for the Iranian Navy. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. You may quote material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org, as the source. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. Zumwalt Class (DDG 1000) Background . Index: Pictures of United States Navy Ships 1775-1941 DestroyersNote: This Select List describes photographs and photographs of artworks or models. She was later scrapped between April 1948 and February 1949. There are a total of [ 132 ] WW2 U.S. list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons, "Royal Navy operations in the Second World War", "US Navy Inactive Classification Symbols", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, "Scharnhorst - The History; Operation "Juno, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, "List of Homeports and the Ships Assigned as of August 9, 2004", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_destroyers_of_World_War_II&oldid=995284377, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To West Germany 1958, sunk as target 1979, transferred to Taiwan 1954, scrapped 1974, Captured by Italians in 1941, scuttled by Germans in 1945, decommissioned 1 May 1976, preserved as museum ship, sank 2 November 1943 after ramming and sinking U-405, constructive loss 6 January 1945, scrapped, decommissioned 1947, sunk as a target 1969. (DD-15) Whipple 16. [39], The Gleaves and Benson classes were similar in design to the Sims class, but had two stacks and a "split" or echeloned powerplant for extra endurance against torpedo attacks. Part of the original 16 "torpedo boat destroyers" authorized by Congress. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. Repeat 1850-ton leaders modified from the. [2] The Allen M. Sumner class' hull was slightly wider than the Fletcher class', while the Gearing-class design was a lengthened version of the Allen M. [3] As President, Theodore Roosevelt continued to pay close attention to naval affairs, including the expansion of the Navy's fleet of destroyers. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 DE -- Destroyer Escorts Click on "DE-##" for link to page with specifications, history, photographs (where available). [2] The threat a small, fast, torpedo–delivering ship could pose to the battle line became clear to navies around the world; giving birth to the torpedo boat, including USS Cushing of the United States Navy. The final two did not follow until August 1922. The 1500-ton destroyers built in the 1930s under the treaties had stability problems that limited expansion of their armament in World War II. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 The number of officers and enlisted personnel that served in the Navy during World War II. [3], Prior to entering World War I in 1917, the United States began producing destroyers to a new design with a continuous sheer strake, collectively referred to as "flush deckers". The Navy's ranks totaled 126,418 in September 1939. [2][31], While the flush-deckers' freeboard fore and aft were designed to match preceding classes, the new ships differed in other respects. (DD-12) Preble 13. It is known in the … A special class of guided missile destroyers was produced for the Shah of Iran, but due to the Iranian Revolution these ships could not be delivered and were added to the U.S. Navy. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. Repeat 1500 tonners built by Bethlehem Steel. (D… [2] The new, higher limits rendered the existing flush-deckers obsolete, and the General Board soon moved to replace them. From the first U.S. destroyer commissioned in 1902 to the famous ships of World War II to the Arleigh Burke-class, the U.S. Navy’s destroyers have evolved from small, fast, close-in surface combatants to multi-mission offensive and defensive warships that can operate independently or … Other "flush deckers" were converted as high speed transports (APD), minesweepers (DMS), seaplane tenders (AVD), and other roles, while some were retained as destroyers. The first two ship were later once again reclassified as guided missile destroyers by the. In 1898, while the Spanish–American War was being fought in the Caribbean and the Pacific, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt wrote that the Spanish torpedo boat destroyers were the only threat to the American navy, and pushed for the acquisition of similar vessels. (DD-8) Lawrence 9. By the time of the Armistice of 11 November 1918, keels for 177 ships had been laid and 41 had joined the fleet. The List of ships of the Second World … In 1864, US Navy Lt. William B. Cushing sank the ironclad CSS Albemarle using a \"spar torpedo\"—an explosive device mounted on a long pole and detonated underwater. In 1864, US Navy Lt. William B. Cushing sank the ironclad CSS Albemarle using a "spar torpedo"—an explosive device mounted on a long pole and detonated underwater. (DD-13) Stewart 14. 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