MAYER’s PRINCIPLES OF MULTIMEDIA INSTRUCTION. This is known as the modality principle. But there is a caution to multimedia learning: all uses of multimedia are not equally effective for the learner. Six Principles of Effective e-Learning: What Works and Why BY RUTH CLARKT ake any e-lesson — show it to five people and ask them what they think. (image 12 Principles of Multimedia Learning If you are designing a PowerPoint presentation, developing an online course or preparing to flip your classroom, you may need to reconsider how you will get students to engage with the material without the traditional face-to-face interaction. 2. Mayer developed a theory for cognition centered on multimedia known as the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML). However, simply adding words to pictures is not an effective way to achieve multimedia learning. One interesting thing about these principles is their applicability over the long haul. In fact, presenters should only words on a slide sparingly. The basic principle seems so simple and obvious that we automatically choose textbooks that are filled with charts, diagrams, maps, and pictures, and is also the reason that we use PowerPoint, Prezi, or videos in our lectures. The proverb that a picture is worth a thousand words attests to the popularity and acceptance of this assumption. Using Mayer's 12 Principles of Multimedia Learning Testing Our Skills As a group, let's review the following. No. However, according to Mayer’s multimedia principle, people learn better from words and pictures rather than from just words alone. Principles of Multimedia Learning 11. the six principles that have emerged from controlled experiments in how to best use multimedia to optimize learning. The Multimedia Principle. Does it align with Mayer's twelve principles? It is commonly assumed that adding pictures to words, rather than presenting text alone, makes it easier for people to understand and learn. Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (Mayer) The principle known as the “multimedia principle” states that “people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from words alone” (Mayer, p. 47). He is an avid fan of Mayer's 12 Principles of Multimedia Learning, and he very successfully walks the walk in his own presentations. So, adding images to slides deepens the learning experience for the viewers. Take-Home Message People learn better when multimedia messages are designed in ways that are consistent with how the human mind works and with research-based principles. Before you can truly grasp the 12 Principles of Multimedia Learning, you must understand the three important assumptions that form the foundation of these principles. Here, the words that are associated with the pictures of the parts of the atom are not close to their picture. Summary. The Multimedia Principle “People learn better from words and pictures than from words alone.” (p. 223) You could argue that the multimedia principle is a starting point for all the other principles, given that it indicates that learners perform better when exposed to … The research effects described by Mayer and colleagues have subsequently been described as 12 principles for instruction, which serve to decrease cognitive demand on the learner (Mayer, 2010a; MAyer, 2010b): Five Principles for Reducing Extraneous Processing