Akbar followed the same feudal policy toward the other Rajput chiefs. Akbar’s Religious Policy. While Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri, he started a discussion on religion with the ulemas, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests who were Roman … The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. This brought certainty to collections and alleviated the problem of peasants to great extent. Administration ... 70 6. According to Abul Fazl the empire was divided into provinces called subas-which were governed by a subadar who carried out both political and military functions. •Explain why Muslim and Hindu traditions clashed and how they blended. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. It resulted in the development of a composite culture. Akbar was a Muslim. A closer look at Akbar’s policies. Sulh-i-kul means "universal peace". Akbar. Luthra spoke at length about Akbar being "an honourable and respectable man", listing his achievements as a journalist, author and an MP. Before examining Akbar’s religious policies, one should also pay heed to the religious challenges posed to the emperor during his reign. Religious Policy. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… After his death the sun of the Mughals began to decline. From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. Its last volume is called the Ain-i-Akbari. He abolished the pilgrimage Tax and Reziya. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. His aim was to wipe out the differences that kept people apart and to bring about unity among them. Akbar’s rule was marked by wide religious tolerance and liberal outlook. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . CBSE > Class 07 > Social Science 1 answers; Yogita Ingle 2 years, 1 month ago. Akbar’s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large amounts of revenue. Akbar’s Religious Policy. His reforms included a liberal policy toward the non-Muslims, religious innovations, the land revenue system and the famous Mansabdari system. Akbar divided his kingdom into provinces called subas governed by a Subedar. Most controversial policies of Akbar include abolition of jizya, immunity given to Hindu pandits and European Jesuits at the Ibadat Khana, prohibition of cow-slaughter, marriage reforms, discipleship, etc. Objectives . The peasants must have welcomed the policy of saving the cows, 4)ufTaIoes, camels and oxen and the maintaining of pastures. Answer: 2 question A) Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. Abul Fazl wrote a book titled Akbar Nama. 3.1 - Describe ONE way in which Akbar's response to religious diversity compared to the practices of the Mongols during the 13th century. Akbar was the greatest of all medieval rulers of India. One of the major intra-religious conflict was between the Shia and Sunni sects. Akbar’s religious policies. Akbar’s Policies. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. Akbar was a very judicious ruler who reformed the judicial system according to the Hindu laws. Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan. He openly pronounced his faith in the principle of universal toleration and tried to eliminate the deeprooted antagonism of Muslims towards Hindus. The Rajput policy of Akbar was unique as it not only helped to end the long drawn conflict between the Rajputs and Mughal ruler but also helped Akbar in the consolidation of his empire. Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. An aggregate of the rate of revenues from 1570 to 1579 was made and a decennial average was fixed as demand of the revenue. Right to Education (RTE) 1. Finally, the Marathas and the British brought about its fall and disintegration. Akbar became the de jure king in 1556 at the age of 13 when his father died. The emperor’s service was also opened to them and their sons, which offered financial rewards as well as honour. In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. Share 0. 2. •Summarize the policies of Akbar that strengthened Mughal India. Q6: Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar? So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. He realized that to establish a strong empire, he had to gain the confidence of his Hindu people who were the majority in India. Evolution of Akbar’s Religious Policy ... 49 5. Ans : Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. This was the so called Short notes on the Deccan Policy of the Mughals. - the answers to estudyassistant.com Social, Cultural and Economic Institutions ... 134 7. Berar. •Describe the impact of the Delhi sultanate on India. They both wanted to look out for the well-being of their people by developing educational opportunities and the translations of sacred books. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. He was looking forward to the troubles convulsing Badakhshan and he was more concerned with them. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Referring to the Vogue article by Ramani , Luthra pointed out that Ramani had used the following words to describe Akbar: "You were one of my professional heroes." Answer: His Policy of Conciliation and Synthesis: Akbar sought to bring about racial and religious conciliation in the country. It’s Akbar’s religious policy that made way to his name in the history pages. T he religious policy of Akbar was extremely liberal. It contains elaborate discussion of the broad features of administration laid down by Akbar. a)Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. The peasants were saved from the caprices and whims of the Zamindars and Jagirdars. At that time, there was hardly any trouble in the transfrontier regions. Akber was profoundly religious himself, yet he never sought to enforce his own religious views on anyone; be it prisoners of war, or Hindu wives or the common people in his kingdom. Religious policy of Akbar: Akbar was liberal-minded and tolerant of other religions. He could have very well undertaken a campaign in the Deccan but he did not. Reference may be made to the reforms made by Akbar in the field of Sayurghals. He was a true democrat who valued the feelings and … Describe the religious policies of the Akbar Share with your friends. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . ADVERTISEMENTS: In 1583-84 occurred the Gujarat Rebellion. He formed strong and stable empire with the help of Rajputs, a martial clan among Hindus and he could get rid of the influ­ence of his own conspirator nobles and kinsmen. Din-i-ilahi was a religious path suggested by Akbar. Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. MUGHAL INDIA – TUTORIAL 2 MUGHAL-RAJPUT RELATIONS IN AKBAR’S REIGN The evolution of relations between the Mughals and the Rajputs during the reign of Akbar can be placed within more than one historical context. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. People tended to develop more religious tolerance towards one another. He gained popularity from different groups when he allowed temples to be built, or when he eradicated jizya. He had equal respect for all religion and did not discriminate between his subjects on the basis of religion. Akbar the Great's tolerance of other religions is also noticeable in his marriages to women of various faiths, most noteably Jodha Bai, a Hindu daughter of the House of Jaipur. Akbar's actions and policies had a long lasting effect on the people of his empire. According to Abu'l-Fazl, the emperor was a universal agent of god, and so his sovereignty was not bound to any single faith. Akbar’s works are found in the book Akbarnama written by Abul Fazal. Akbar ordered that the settlement should be concluded for past 10 years. Perhaps, the most abhorred was the Akbar’s promulgation in 1582 of the Din-i Ilahi (The Divine Faith). Akbar also took a Christian wife, Maria Zamani Begum, who had her own chapel in one of Akbar's palaces. They were allowed to hold their ancestral territories, provided that they acknowledged Akbar as emperor, paid tribute, supplied troops when required, and concluded a marriage alliance with him. We find that that conflicts were both inter-religious and intra-religious. However, it is also accepted that the policy of sulh-i-kul, which formed the essence of Dīn-i Ilāhī, was adopted by Akbar as a part of general imperial administrative policy. Personality and Character ... 162 Bibliography... 171. Akbar’s Rajput policy proved extremely success- ; ful for Mughal Empire and is considered as the best examples of his diplomatic skills. Akbar's legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control, and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. In 1562, he abolished jiziya. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. Read this comprehensive essay on Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605 AD) ! Describe Rajput policy of Akbar Report ; Posted by Vishnu Byju 2 years, 1 month ago. He gave great importance to choice and abolished discriminatory taxes based on religion. The greatest of the Mughal's emperors, Akbar, attempted the creation of a national identity for India by his numerous reforms, literal and cultural development, and policies of integration and organization. He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. That's where Akbar was educated and took to journalism." Delhi and Agra were threatened by Hemu—the Hindu general of the Sūr ruler, ʿĀdil Shah—and Mughal governors were being driven from all parts of northern India. 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