7th SS Division was used for the attack on Split, by which the zone of responsibility of the 369th Division was expanded. The Partisan attack begun on 4 October, and only small groups from Trebinje garrison managed to evade death or capture. One notable citation is that of Captain Madraš, who was wounded and was to be flown out of Stalingrad, but refused and instead stayed and fought with his men. The regiment was raised from volunteers drawn from Croatia and was commonly referred to as the Croatian Legion (Hrvatska Legija). Egon Zitnik, the former commander of the Light Transport Unit; Major Marijan Prislin, the former second in command of the 369. (Kroatische) Infanterie-Division), poznata pod nadimkom „Vražja divizija“ (nem. [9], Starting in early 1942, soldiers of the unit were able to send messages back to the Independent State of Croatia. Both officers were praised by Soviet general Sergey Biryuzov. Division reached Bosanska Krupa on 1 February, when 7th SS division had already taken Bihać, and partisan 7th Banija Division had to redeploy its main forces to block the advancement of the SS troops. The 373rd (Croatian) Infantry Division was assembled and trained in Stockerau and Döllersheim, Austria, commencing from the end of January 1943 as the second Croatian division raised for service in the Wehrmacht, following its. Jäger-Division at Stalingrad in January 1943. After partisans and the mass of the population succeeded to break out of the encirclement, Weiss I was finished with 15 February. Partisans took advantage of that to infiltrate into the void, and the position of the garrison became critical. [16], The reconnaissance battalion of the division was involved in Operation Rösselsprung. OK The units of the regiment, still divided among the other regiments of the division, dug in alongside the Slovak Mobile Brigade and SS-Division Wiking. In the operation, 369th Division lost 110 dead, 188 wounded, and 54 missing.[7]. The regiment was then transported to Dollersheim, Austria for training. Teufels-Division ), je bila jedinica Wehrmachta formirana od regruta iz Nezavisne države Hrvatske i nemačkog komandnog osoblja. 324. (Kroatische) Infanterie-Division , Croatian language: 369. Home Guard Infantry Division, which had been known as the Devil's Division. Total reported losses of the divisions were 92 dead, 263 wounded, and 233 missing.[8]. The verstärktes Infanterie-Regiment 369 (kroatisch) was attached to the division on 2 July 1941. [14] On 5 April an attack with similar forces was carried out towards Žegulja,[15] and 13 May from Stolac to Hrgud. Colonel Viktor Pavicic reportedly left a resignation letter and disappeared from the theater for good. [3], As soon as the division returned to the NDH, desertions from the division began to occur. This was followed by the raising of a third battalion at Sarajevo. In the two weeks leading up to the capitulation the 369th Regiment had lost 175 soldiers. On 24 September 1942, during a visit to the 6th Army headquarters, Pavelić decorated and promoted some soldiers of the regiment. In September 1943, total strength of the division was 12.883 men, 3.701 of which were Germans.[9]. Croatian Legion: The 369th Reinforced (Croatian) Infantry Regiment on the Eastern Front, 1941-1943 offers a unique perspective of the fighting on the Eastern Front through the eyes of a foreign volunteer unit. Microfilmed Documents of German 369th Infantry (Croatian) Division from National Archive … Lists of division and enemy losses, acts of sabotage, and units subordinate to the division as of 31 Mar. It was formed with about 8,500 soldiers recruited from the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) commanded by about 3,500 German officers, non-commissioned officers and specialists. The 100th Light Infantry Division, including the 369th Croatian Reinforced Infantry Regiment, was involved in the heavy fighting for the "Red October" factory and for Mamayev Hill during the Battle of Stalingrad. Croatian infantry division 392.Croatian Infantry division 7.SS Prinz Eugen (English) 13.SS "HANDSCHAR" and 23.SS "KAMA" Feldpost of Croatian Armed forces Deutscher Eisenbahn-Sicherungs [1] A training battalion was formed for the regiment in Stockerau, Austria. After four days of street fighting, Tuzla fell to Partisans, and the commander of the 369th Artillery Regiment lieutenant colonel Kuchtner saved himself by escaping to the Chetnik territory. The 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division (German: 369. Pavicic ordered a strategic building to be captured in the Red October factory, however the armored vehicle support was delayed. Box 34033 Jerusalem 95464 Israel Phone: +972 2 6553730 Fax: +972 2 6553744 E-mail: Naamas@sviva.gov.il Ms. Ayelet ROSEN, Adv. Jäger Division Documents - 1942/1943. They were transported to Yugoslavia in late 1944 under direct orders from Tito, where they were sacrificed in combat against superior German forces, suffering very high casualties. [8], On 31 January 1943 General Paulus announced the surrender of the German 6th Army. Desertions worsened particularly after the capitulation of Italy in September 1943. Sergeant Podobnik was later wounded and evacuated from Stalingrad and was killed in spring 1945 whilst serving in Pavelic's elite unit. This was common for the demoralized and surrounded German and German-allied troops at Stalingrad, as the conditions were extremely harsh on the soldiers. Whilst not an official part of the Wehrmacht, the regiment was under German military jurisdiction and direct German command throughout its existence, serving as part of the 100th Light Infantry Division. [13], Over the following months the division, together with the NDH forces and the Chetniks, fought the Partisans without decisive success. As late as March 1944 they were joined by 200 more former 369th legionaries led by former 369th Stalingrad Doctor Bogoljub Modrijan as well as Lt. Vlahov, Lt. Tahtamišimov, Lt.Draženović and Lt. Ivan Vadlja, who was wounded at Stalingrad but missed the last flight out. Divizija je pripadala tzv. During the day of 23 January Stalingradskaja airfield fell into Soviet hands. In April 1943, in Operation Teufel III, 369th Division, reinforced with elements of the Croatian Home Guard, inflicted heavy casualties on the Chetniks on the Ozren mountain. Communications from the Regiment's soldiers were subsequently broadcast on Radio Zagreb (later known as Hrvatski Krugoval), alongside propaganda announcements that praised the Croatian authorities and did not mention the soldiers' fate – most often death or capture.[10]. [17], From 13 to 31 July main forces of the division, reinforced with 3rd Battalion of the 4th Regiment Brandenburg, and with six Chetnik brigades and a battalion of the 9th Home Guard Brigade under the division's command, carried out operation Sonnenstich against the Partisan 29th Herzegovina Division in eastern Herzegovina. Erwin Juric claimed that Pavicic had received written orders signed by Sanne to leave Stalingrad by air on 15 January. Although originally intended for use on the Russian Front, the division did not deploy there and was returned to the NDH in January 1943 due to the need to combat the Partisans in the territory of the NDH. The division also participated in Operation Schwartz. The 369th Reinforced Infantry Regiment (German: Verstärktes Kroatisches Infanterie-Regiment 369, Croatian: 369. pojačana pješačka pukovnija) was a unit of the German Wehrmacht that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II. Legal Division Ministry of Environmental Protection 5, Kanfei Nesharim St. P.O. It was formed with about 8,500 soldiers recruited from the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) commanded by about 3,500 German officers, non-commissioned officers and specialists. In June, the division supported the drive of the 1st Panzer Army along the Don River, through Voronezh to Kalach where the regiment incurred heavy casualties trying to cross the river in the face of serious resistance.[11]. [1] It was also known as the Devil's Division (German: Teufels Division, Croatian: Vražja Divizija). The last official report from 21 January 1943 counted 443 infantry and 444 artillery soldiers in Stalingrad. A report dated 21 June 1942 states that Legion contained 113 officers, 7 military clerks, 625 NCOs, and 4317 soldiers, as well as 2902 horses. [5] The division was attacked during disembarkment in Banija, even before it was fully developed for fight. [8], There were also acts of insubordination, dereliction of duty, and cowardly behaviour cited in reports. For the naval force, see, Insignia worn by members of the regiment on the right side of the helmet and right upper sleeve of the tunic. Please remove or replace such wording and instead of making proclamations about a subject's importance, use facts and attribution to demonstrate that importance. 18 men strong group of sergeant Teimer reached Dubrovnik, and sergeant Müller's group of twelve crossed over the mountains and reached Mostar. Even before Operation Weiss started on 20 January, the division already had suffered 51 dead, 99 wounded and 8 missing. [8], At 'Proljet Kultura,' the regiment suffered 53 dead and 186 wounded in desperate hand-to-hand combat during the German attack on 27 July and subsequent overwhelming Soviet counterattack on 28 July. [18][19] During the operation, a mutiny occurred in 2nd Battalion of the 370th Grenadier Regiment. On 3 January Partisans destroyed two trains near Blinjski Kut, one of which was carrying elements of 369th Division. - 1943. Infanterie-Division Jütland 326. [2] By 25 June 1941, Poglavnik Ante Pavelić, the leader of the NDH, had sent an envoy to Berlin to offer volunteers to serve on the Eastern Front. Two days later the 100th Light Infantry Division was committed to the Battle of Stalingrad. Infanterie-Division Seeland - See Infanterie-Division Seeland Since fortifications of outer defence of Trebinje were held by mixed German and Četnik crews, the Četniks used one routine crew change to disarm and capture German personnel. Only 20 officers, including Mesic, remained in Stalingrad and one is treated as MIA. After the Second Battle of Kharkov, Colonel Markulj, Lieutenant Eduard Bakarec and six other officers of the regiment were awarded the Iron Cross First Class. Initially, two battalions were raised and formed into a regiment at Varazdin. 1. Added to these men were a group of fresh volunteers from Croatia. [8], Lt. Bakarec, who was the first Legion soldier ever to receive the Iron Cross 2nd class, was later wounded at Stalingrad and evacuated to Croatia, where he was killed on 5 July 1944. 369th Division had a number of clashes with the Partisans, especially in the area of Zvornik in early July. [10] Battle Group Fischer (main force of the 369th Infantry Regiment reinforced with artillery, 187th Reserve Division elements, and Home Guard formations) defended Doboj and sought to recapture Tuzla, in cooperation with the parts of the LXIX Corps from Brčko. [2], Operations Kugelblitz, Schneesturm and Herbstgewitter, Attachment to the Report of the Divisional Command on 12 March 1943, Report of the Commander of the German Troops in Croatia, on 20 June 1943, 2nd Panzer Army Headquarters, Personnel Department Report to Operational Officer, on 19 September 1943, "With the Devil in Titoland: A Wehrmacht Anti-Partisan Division in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1943", "A Case of Failed Counter-Insurgency: Anti-Partisan Operations in Yugoslavia 1943", Chetnik sabotage of Axis communication lines, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=369th_(Croatian)_Infantry_Division_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=993309967, Military units and formations established in 1942, Military units and formations of Germany in Yugoslavia in World War II, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 23:22. Ministry of [11], For several months from early December 1943, elements of the division took part in series of operations by the V SS Mountain Corps against the Partisans in eastern Bosnia known in the former Yugoslavia as the Sixth Enemy Offensive. By December of 1942, surviving veterans of the 369th Croat Reinforced Regiment, complemented with an influx of new Croatian volunteers, were under training as part of the newly formed 369 Infanterie Division (Kroat), led by its The website uses cookies. First it had to overcome the stiff resistance of the 7th Banija Division. [8], By 14 January the regiment's section of the front line had reduced to 200 m held by some 90 remaining troops, all suffering from extreme cold, hunger, fatigue and lack of ammunition. [8], Sergeant Dragutin Podobnik was awarded Iron Cross Second and First Class as well as many Croat decorations including one personally from Pavelic in September 1942 for his actions at Stalingrad. 369' AED to AMD exchange rate Dec, 2020 The United Arab Emirates dirham (Arabic: درهم‎‎, sign: د.إ; code: AED), also known as simply the Emirati dirham, is the currency of the United Arab Emirates. Shutdown by shadow6658 4/20/2015. Although the unit was considered by the NDH to be a part of the Croatian Home Guard and the NDH authorities retained responsibility for providing replacements, the members of the regiment swore an oath to Adolf Hitler. More than 1000 legionnaires were evacuated from the Soviet Union and later Stalingrad by various means and for various reasons. The few remaining survivors were suspected and most were later convicted of being Soviet infiltrators by the partisans as well as Croat NDH authorities. On 10 September Partisans took Gacko, on 11 September Vlasenica, on 24 September Gračanica, on 29 September Zvornik, and in the neighbouring zones Partisans took Modriča, Å amac, Bijeljina, and other towns. (Kroatische) Infanterie-Division, Croatian: 369. Despite the harsh conditions, the German high command credited the regiment with maintaining 'proper and military bearing'. 369. divisione croato-tedesca.jpg 350 × 240; 17 KB 369. 369th Division then continued with the operation, proceeded with circling Grmeč in close connection with 7th SS and 717th Division. Upon news of this, the Ministry of the Armed Forces removed him from the Croatian Armed Forces and rescinded his awards. [22], After Četniks left, outer defence zone of Trebinje remained unoccupied. Most of German reinforcements were engaged in operations aimed to seize positions on the Adriatic coast. A billeting survey of the Croatian 4th Jaeger-Brigade, … 373. During the final stage of the operation, the division was holding the part of the encirclement on the northern slopes of Zelengora, but the 1st Proletarian Brigade on 10 June successfully broke out through the division's positions, followed by other partisan units. This unit was formed in early 1944 partly from former members of the 369th (Croatian) Reinforced Infantry Regiment, and was commanded by the former Ustaše Lieutenant Colonel Marko Mesić assisted by Captain Milutin Perišić, a Serb. 373. hrvatska pješadijska divizija, poznata pod imenom Tigar, (njem. Despite the harsh conditions, the German high command credited the regiment with maintaining 'prope… Infanterie / 118. The number of legionnaires from that date was fast reducing to a reported total of 1,403 altogether by 21 October 1942. Media in category "369th Infantry Division (Germany)" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. La 369.ª División Croata de Infantería (en alemán, 369. T315, roll 2271, 718. During its last days at Stalingrad, the Legion was desperately retraining about 700 inexperienced artillery and support soldiers to infantry combat duty. Hrvatski legionari u Staljingradu za Pavelića, a u Srbiji za Tita, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=369th_Croatian_Reinforced_Infantry_Regiment_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=987934417, Military units and formations established in 1941, Recipients of the Medal of Poglavnik Ante Pavelić for Bravery, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, Articles with weasel words from June 2012, Articles with peacock terms from June 2012, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles with Croatian-language sources (hr), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Welz H. Verratene Grenadiere. [20], On 21 September Trebinje garrison, consisting of the reinforced 1st Battalion of the 369th Grenadier Regiment, Italian Fascist Legion San Marco, and parts of the 9th Home Guard Brigade, came under an attack of the Lukačević's Chetnik group. New fresh forces from Croatia were not added except for returns of sick and wounded and a few officers and staff. Col. and later NDH general Markulj was tried and executed in Belgrade in September 1945. Para noviembre de 1942, los combates en su … The division recaptured Tuzla from Partisans on 11 November. Towns and communications in eastern Herzegovina were defended together with local Chetnik units. [12], Among the last Wehrmacht soldiers to leave Stalingrad by air were a group of 18 wounded and sick Croat legionnaires, including Lt. Barićević, who were flown out by Luftwaffe pilots and were landed on the last serviceable German airfield at Staljingradskaja near the 369th's artillery section positions on the night of 22 to 23 January 1943. (kroatische) Infanterie-Division Usage on en.wikipedia.org Coat of arms of Croatia 392nd (Croatian) Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) Johann Mickl 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) 373rd (Croatian) Infantry Division While taking new positions, 1st Battalion of the 369th Regiment was on 6 March ambushed by Partisans at Zavala near Trebinje, with losses of 58 dead. Infanterie-Division 328. 德國國防軍陸軍第369(克羅地亞)步兵師(德語: 369. On 2 February the Legion became Soviet prisoners of war including all officers, approximately 100, mostly wounded, sick, and frostbitten combat soldiers, as well as some 600 other legionaries from artillery and support units. Major Tomislav Brajkovic is noted to have desperately attempted to keep morale and discipline high. 369.Croatian Infantry division 373. The 392nd (Croatian) Infantry Division (German language: 392. The 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division (German language: 369. — Berlin, Deutscher Militärverlag, 1965, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 02:49. The previous night, several Luftwaffe planes had crashed attempting to take off and land perilously close to fast-advancing Soviet forces, thus fewer planes flew in for rescue missions. By November 1942 the fighting in their sector had become a locked stalemate with little progress. ©2020 Roblox Corporation. After the encirclement of Grmeč was completed, 369. After the Operation Schwarz, strong Partisan battle group penetrated into eastern Bosnia, destroying Ustasha garrisons Vlasenica, Srebrenica, Olovo, Kladanj and Zvornik on its way. [3] The NDH viewed this as a means of strengthening its ties with Germany, potentially an ally in resisting further territorial losses to Italy.[4]. The 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division (German: 369. In early October 3 Battalion of the 370th Regiment in ViÅ¡egrad fell under attack of the strong Chetnik battle group from Serbia. The regiment's war diary and other documents were also saved in this evacuation. General Sanne officially reported that Pavicic was a deserter, but Sgt. On the day it arrived back from training in Austria, an average of 25 men were absent without leave from each company of the division. Infanterie-Division (kroatische), Lexikon der Wehrmacht (нем.) They were awarded the Croatian Legion 1941 Linden Leaf for their service and formed the core of a new unit, the 369th (Croatian) Infantry Division (Wehrmacht). By 2 July, Hitler had accepted the offer, and military units were formed under the supervision of two German army officers. More information at Privacy Policy.By using this site you agree with our use cookies... Had been known as the conditions were extremely harsh on the March due to starvation, or. 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