French marigold (T. patula) followed a similar route from Mexico to that of African type. Great pictures. S.G. Deans, E.J.M. Tagetes patula (Super Hero™ Spry) was the 2018 All-America Selections Flower Winner. Tagetes excelsa Soule French marigold … : Tagetes erecta, Tagetes lucida, Tagetes minuta, Tagetes patula. It is in flower in July. Hardiness: Half Hardy. I loved the pictures & names of common flowers found in Nepal. Insecticidal activity of an essential oil of Tagetes patula L. (Asteraceae) on common bed bug Cimex lectularius L. and molecular docking of major compounds at the catalytic site of ClAChE1. Achenes ripen and are shed within two weeks of the start of bloom. Celak. Pot marigold was the most common name used for calendulas over the last 500 years but I have taken calling them calendulas because it more clearly separates calendulas from marigolds (Tagetes). Family: Compositae/Asteraceae (daisy/aster family) Origin: Despite its common name, the African marigold (T. erecta) and French marigold (T. patula) are native to Mexico and Central America. Easily grown in average, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Be the first to review this product: x [6], The Latin specific epithet patula means “with a spreading habit”.[7]. Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. According to Useful Plants of Boyacá Project ... Common Names. Price: £1.95 per packet of seeds. Externally, it is used to treat sore eyes and rheumatism. Some authorities regard Tagetes patula as a synonym of Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold. English Name(s): French Marigold, Marigold. French Marigolds are compact bushy annuals from Mexico and the flowers come in various combinations of reds, oranges, and yellows. Although the common name, their origin is Mexico. Tagetes is a very rich source of naturally occurring thiophene derivatives. For best results grow Tagetes patula ‘Honeycomb’ in free-draining soil in full sun and feed weekly with a high-potash fertiliser.Deadhead spent blooms to prolong flowering. Common/English Names. In spite of their common names, they all originate from Mexico. Wow. major (Gaertn.) Family Asteraceae . Annual. Pinnate leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. Your page was very helpful. Deer tend to avoid this plant. Scientific Name : Tagetes patula Common Name : Dwarf Crested French Marigold Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer Plant Habit : Upright Spacing : 6 - 10" (15 - 25cm) Height : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Width : 6 - 8" (15 - 20cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. For earlier bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date or purchase plants in cell/six packs from local nurseries. All are easy to grow and are useful for cutting. The common name in English, "marigold", is derived from "Mary's gold", a name first applied to a similar plant native to Europe, Calendula officinalis. In its native habitat of the highlands of central Mexico, blooms are produced from September to killing frost. & Nicolson Marigold (Engl.) See below Description. The spice imparts a unique, rather earthy flavour to Georgian cuisine, in which it is considered especially compatible with the flavours of cinnamon and cloves. French marigolds – Tagetes patula . Tagetes patula or the French Marigold is a fast growing, bushy annual with strong-smelling, pinnately dissected leaves; the oils of which are often blended with sandlalwood and used in perfume making. This has performed very well for us at Brookgreen Gardens with limited … ... Family Name: Compositae/Asteraceae. In some climates it flowers from July to October. It is also a well-nigh essential ingredient in the spice mixture khmeli suneli, which is to Georgian cookery what garam masala is to the cookery of North India - with which Georgia shares elements of the Mughlai cuisine. Lifecycle: Annual. French marigolds, Tagetes patula: Marigolds and calendulas are confused a lot. "The Biosystematics of, Goldstein D. 1993 "The Georgian Feast" HarperCollins, Rydberg, Per Axel 1913. in Britton, Nathaniel Lord, North American Flora 34: 154-155, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_patula&oldid=986649084, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 04:28. Another well known type of marigold i.e. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: amapola amarilla Spanish ? : 1222Q. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Phytochemistry 38(5):1193–1197 CrossRef Google Scholar. 1 post by 1 author. Beds, edgings, containers. Although the common name, their origin is Mexico. It is in flower in July. [8] It can grow in both sandy and clay soils provided they have good drainage. & D.H.Nicolson Tagetes excelsa Soule Tagetes heterocarpha Rydb. The flowers are up to 5 cm across and are composed of a dense arrangement of “rays” that come in yellow, orange and a unique bronze color. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is frost tender. Asteraceae: Tagetes patula (Common name :French marigold) Marigolds have been a garden staple for decades. [28][29], The dried and ground flower petals constitute a popular spice in the Republic of Georgia in the Caucasus, where they are known as imeruli shaphrani (= 'Imeretian Saffron') from their pungency and golden colour and particular popularity in the Western province of Imereti. [8] Research also suggests that T. patula essential oil has the ability to be used as residual pesticide against bedbugs. The oil is used in perfumery. Species and cultivars you need to learn for class: Tagetes erecta Tagetes patula. Tagetes remotiflora Kunze : Tagetes signata Bartling : Tagetes tenuifolia Millsp. [10], Hundreds of cultivars have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-[11], Medicinally, many cultures use infusions from dried leaves or florets. Pot marigold was the most common name used for calendulas over the last 500 years but I have taken calling them calendulas because it more clearly separates calendulas from marigolds (Tagetes). Tagetes erecta is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. Various bithiophenes, for example, 12–14 or terthienyl 15, have been identified from Tagetes patula L. (Asteraceae) by GLC-MS analysis <2002ZNC63>. It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is shorter, and has a more spreading habit, than its relative the Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). Pot marigold belongs to a different genus (Calendula). It requires growing in sunlight. Tagetes major Gaertn. Tagetes patula (French marigold) is an annual herbaceous plant that rarely exceeds 40 cm in height. English Name(s): French Marigold, Marigold. General information about Tagetes patula (TAGPA) Originally Mexico, Guatemala. Simpson, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003. Good cut flowers. Seed Catalogue No. The French marigolds bloom continuously until cut down by frost. The whole plant is harvested when in flower and distilled for its essential oil. Species and cultivars you need to learn for class: Tagetes erecta Tagetes patula. The main difference is that Tagetes patula is a tetraploid plant (2n = 48) with smaller involucres and wholly or partially red-brown corollas[270. Tagetes patula ‘Honeycomb’ is a dwarf French marigold, bearing double, crested flowers with mahogany-red petals edged with golden yellow. It likely refers to the ease with which plants of this genus come out each year either by the seeds produced in the previous year, or by the stems which regrow from the stump already in place. ): 140713 ARK-29 : Tagetes patula from Mumbai - October 2012: Attachments (1). We have summarized five of them, namely common marigold (Calendula officinalis), marigold (Tagetes erecta), French marigold (Tagetes patula), Mexican mint marigold (Tagetes lucida), and lemon marigold (Tagetes tenuifolia), along with their phytochemical content, physiological effect of these components, and toxicological studies. They are small bushy plants that about 15 to 30 cm in height. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Like Liked by 1 person The blooms of these species are smaller than others, and the plant often spreads to make it wider than it is tall (The Old Farmers Almanac). It is used internally in the treatment of indigestion, colic, severe constipation, coughs and dysentery. Deadhead frequently to ensure continuous blooming. Uses/Nutrient Value The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is therefore more suitable as an edging plant in the open border. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of vermiculite and … Tagetes erecta L. Dwarf marigold (Engl.) Resists cold well to -1 °C ; from there it is sensitive to frost and does not develop in the shade. Accepted Name Source; Tagetes patula L. UKSI Common Name Source; French Marigold preferred: UKSI Gold Ffrainc Welsh local: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta class Magnoliopsida order Asterales family Asteraceae genus Tagetes species Tagetes patula. Attached are pictures of Tagetes patula captured in a cultivated garden in Mumbai in October 2012. 464. amaya pankara (Aymara, Argentina) Family: Compositae/Asteraceae (daisy/aster family) Origin: The heads contain mostly hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) florets and are pollinated primarily by beetles in the wild, as well as by tachinid flies and other insects. Scientific Name : Tagetes patula Common Name : Heat-Tolerant Extra-Dwarf Crested French Marigold Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer Plant Habit : Mounded Spacing : 6 - 7" (15 - 18cm) Height : 6 - 7" (15 - 18cm) Width : 6 - 8" (15 - 20cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. They will brighten up any garden with their bright yellow, orange and red shades. French marigold is the common name for Tagetes patula. Its inflorescences can be yellow, orange, red or brown, in one color or combining several hues. Promptly deadhead spent flowers. 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